TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary of the Collection

Administrative Information

Biography of Christopher C. Augur

Scope and Content of the Collection

Organization

Selected Search Terms

Container List

Series 1: Correspondence, 1848-1896

Series 2: Military Administrative Letter-books, 1872-1878

Series 3: Miscellaneous, 1780-1912

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Inventory of the Christopher C. Augur Papers, 1780-1912, bulk 1846-1885


The Newberry Library
Roger and Julie Baskes Department of Special Collections
60 West Walton Street
Chicago, Illinois 60610-7324
USA
Phone: 312-255-3506
Fax: 312-255-3646
E-Mail: specialcolls@newberry.org
URL: http://www.newberry.org

Machine-readable finding aid encoded by Polly Smith, 2010.

©2010.


Descriptive Summary of the Collection

Creator Augur, Christopher Columbus, 1821-1898
Title Christopher C. Augur Papers
Dates 1780-1912
Dates bulk 1846-1885
Extent 1.5 linear feet (6 boxes)
Abstract United States army officer, 1843 to 1885. Correspondence, printed and manuscript military orders and reports, letter-books, a miscellany of accounts and receipts, clippings, memorabilia and maps, mainly documenting Augur's military activities and commands before and during the Civil War, and post-war service in the Pacific Northwest, Texas and the Gulf.
Language Materials are in English.
Repository Newberry Library, Roger and Julie Baskes Department of Special Collections
Collection Call Number VAULT Ayer MS 3008
Collection Stack Location Vault 26 2

Administrative Information

Cite As

Christopher C. Augur Papers, The Newberry Library, Chicago.

Provenance

Gift, Murray B. Augur, via Col. Holabird, 1939.

Processed by

Virginia Hay Smith, 2010.

Access

The Christopher C. Augur Papers are open for research in the Special Collections Reading Room; 1 box at a time (Priority III).

Ownership and Literary Rights

The Christopher C. Augur Papers are the physical property of the Newberry Library. Copyright may belong to the authors or their legal heirs or assigns. For permission to publish or reproduce any materials from this collection, contact the Roger and Julie Baskes Department of Special Collections.

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Biography of Christopher C. Augur

United States Army officer, 1821-1898.

Born in New York in 1821, Christopher Columbus Augur graduated from West Point in 1843, in the same class as Ulysses S. Grant. He served in the Mexican War, and during the 1850s he saw service on the frontier. Promoted to Captain in 1852, he served with distinction in the campaign against Indians in Oregon in 1856.

At the start of the Civil War, Augur was appointed Major in the 13th Infantry, and in November he was commissioned a Brigadier General of volunteers. In July 1862, he was assigned to a division under General Banks and was severely wounded in the Battle of Cedar Mountain. Rejoining his corps he took part in the Louisiana Campaign. At the siege of Port Hudson (1863) he distinguished himself for gallantry and was brevetted Brigadier General in the United States Army, also receiving brevet of Major General for services in the field during the rebellion.

Augur's significant post-war commands included the Department of the Platte (1867-1871) and the Department of Texas (1872-1875), where he was responsible for operations against Sioux, Cheyenne, Kiowa and Comanche. Also, Augur was administrator of the Department of the Gulf until July 1878, as well as the Departments of the South and the Missouri. He retired from the army in 1885.

Augur was married to Jane Elizabeth Arnold and they had eleven children, two of whom also had military careers. Christopher Columbus Augur died in 1898.

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Scope and Content of the Collection

Correspondence (1848-1896); printed and manuscript military orders and reports (1838-1882); some accounts and receipts; newspaper clippings; a small notebook/scrapbook kept in Oregon (1852-1854); three large official administrative letter-books of the Departments of Texas and the Gulf; two maps (Kansas 1866 and U.S. 1877); two speeches and Augur's thoughts on Indian wars; a few historical manuscript documents; a collection of memorabilia, some poems, and photograph proofs of Augur's son, Col. Jacob A. Augur.

Correspondents include military figures Nathaniel P. Banks, Winfield Scott Hancock, John P. Hatch, Guy V. Henry, Ranald Mackenzie, Alexander McD. McCook, Innis N. Palmer, Henry AV Post, and Joseph H. Potter. There is also a letter written by Battle of Cedar Mountain Confederate captive Henry W. Prince. Augur's correspondence consists of drafts of his letters written between 1870 and 1885.

Among subjects covered are railroad surveys of the West (1853), the Battle of Cedar Mountain (1862), Civil War spy Pardon Worsley, Sioux and Cheyenne campaigns, published reports on conditions in the West by P.H. Sheridan and William T. Sherman (1878 and 1882) plus a report of an official meeting with Sitting Bull in 1877, departmental administrative matters and endorsements, troop morale and deportment, court-martials, Texas-Mexico border depredations and unrest in Louisiana and Mississippi.

Among miscellaneous manuscript documents is one relevant to the calling out of circulation Maryland bills of credit (1780), a copy of an 1863 treaty between the U.S. and mixed bands of Bannock and Shoshonee Indians, and a hand-written roster of the troops moved to join the Army of the Potomac to defend Washington, May-June, 1863.

Narrative descriptions of the subject matter, types of material, and arrangement of each series are available through the Organization section of the finding aid.

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Organization

Papers are organized in the following series:

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Selected Search Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Newberry Library's public catalog. Researchers desiring additional materials on a particular topic should search the catalog using these headings.

Names

  • Augur, Christopher Columbus, 1821-1898
  • Hancock, Winfield Scott, 1824-1886
  • Hatch, John Porter, 1822-1901
  • Henry, Guy Vernor, 1839-1899
  • Mackenzie, Ranald Slidell, 1840-1889
  • McCook, Alexander McDowell, 1831-1903
  • Palmer, Innis Newton, 1824-1900
  • Post, Henry A.v.
  • Potter, Joseph H.
  • Prince, Henry W., 1839-1925
  • Sheridan, Philip Henry, 1831-1888
  • Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891
  • United States. Army -- Military life -- History -- 19th century -- Sources
  • United States. Army -- Officers -- Correspondence
  • United States. Army. Dept. of Texas -- Records and correspondence
  • United States. Army. Dept. of the Gulf (1871-1878) -- Records and correspondence
  • United States. Army. Dept. of the Platte -- Records and correspondence
  • Worsley, Pardon

Subjects

  • Cedar Mountain, Battle of, Va., 1862
  • Great Plains -- History, Military -- 19th century -- Sources
  • Indians of North America -- Wars -- 1866-1895 -- Sources
  • Manuscripts, American
  • Reconstruction (U.S. History, 1865-1877) -- Louisiana -- History -- Sources
  • Reconstruction (U.S. History, 1865-1877) -- Mississippi -- History -- Sources
  • Red River War, 1874-1875 -- Sources
  • Texas -- History, Military -- 19th century -- Sources

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Container List

Series 1: Correspondence, 1848-1896

Letters, almost all to C.C. Augur (1848-1896), plus drafts of Augur’s outgoing correspondence (1870-1885).
Arranged alphabetically.

Box Folder Contents
1 1 Alden, Alonso to C.C. Augur, Mar. 20, 1886
1 2 Anderson, H.M. to C.C. Augur, Aug. 24, 1890
1 3 Augur, Christopher C. to Jane A. Augur, Dec. 18, 1861
1 4 Augur, Christopher C.: Letter-book drafts of letters, May 11, 1870-Apr. 15, 1875
1 5 Augur, Christopher C.: Letter-book drafts of letters, Feb. 11, 1876-Dec. 4, 1880
1 6 Augur, Christopher C.: Letter-book drafts of letters, Mar. 3, 1881- June 24, 1885
1 7 Augur, Christopher C.: Letter-book drafts fragments, undated
1 8 Augur family: Genealogical inquiries to C.C. Augur (3 items), 1864; 1871; 1890
1 9 Aztec Club to C.C. Augur (2 items), Sept. 16, Sept. 30, 1881
1 10 Banks, Nathaniel P. to C.C. Augur, Jan. 25, 1863
1 11 Banks, Nathaniel P. to Sec. Of War Edwin M. Stanton, Apr. 8, 1866
1 12 Branham (?), C.I. to C.C. Augur, Feb. 19, 1863
1 13 Buchanan, Robert C. to Irvin McDowell and C.C. Augur, Dec. 22, 1857
1 14 Childs, F.L. to Capt. S. Stansbury, Sept. 27, 1861
1 15 Craig, John F. to C.C. Augur, Apr. 18, 1887
1 16 Department of Texas officers and men to C.C. Augur, Mar. 12, 1875
1 17 Dodge, Richard Irving to C.C. Augur (3 items), Mar. 4, Mar. 8, Apr. 29, 1867
1 18 Drum, Richard C. to C.C. Augur (5 items), May 9, 1879; Aug. 23, Sept. 8, 1880; Sept. 21, Nov. 8, 1881
1 19 Elliott, R.A.B. to C.C. Augur, June 2, 1883
1 20 Ford, George A. to Jane A. Augur, June 28, Sept.30, 1894
1 21 Godfrey, J. F. to C.C. Augur, Sept. 3, 1863
1 22 Hancock, Winfield Scott to C.C. augur (20 items), Apr. 24, 1867-Apr. 21, 1885
1 23 Hatch, John P. to C.C. Augur (4 items), Jan. 5, Jan. 5, May 26, 1874; July 16, 1882
1 24 Henry, Guy to C.C. Augur (8 items), Nov. 22, 1882-Aug. 2, 1884
1 25 James, Henry A. to Mrs. C.C. Augur, Mar. 16, 1892
1 26 Kimball, H.J. to C.C. augur, Oct. 1, 1881
1 27 Lincoln, Robert to C.C. Augur, May 24, 1882
1 28 Mackenzie, Ranald S. to C.C. Augur, Apr. 20, 1873
1 29 Maverick, Sam Jr. to C.C. Augur, with Augur reply, Feb. 21, 23, 1881
1 30 McArthur, Harriet K.N. to Mrs. C.C. Augur, Feb. 12, 1895
1 31 McCook, Alexander McDowell to C.C. Augur (3 items), Mar. 26, Apr. 6, 1876; Feb. 26, 1881
1 32 McCrary, George W. to C.C. Augur, May 4, 1878
1 33 Merritt, Wesley to Henry M. Lazelle, June 23, 1881
1 34 Messer, C.P. to G. B. Halsted, June 28, 1863
1 35 Nichols, W.A. (?) to C.C. Augur, Sept. 25, 1860
1 36 Northwestern Literary and Historical Society to C.C. Augur, Apr. 13, 1886
1 37 Palmer, Innis N. to C.C. Augur (5 items), Apr. 20, May 9, May 10, May 15, May 18, 1867
1 38 Post, Henry A V to C.C. Augur, Dec. 12, 1863
1 39 Potter, Joseph Haydn to C.C. Augur (5 items), Feb. 5, Feb. 7, Feb. 21, Mar. 7, Mar. 17, 1867
1 40 Prince, Henry to P. Houghton and C.C. Augur, Aug. 16, 1862
1 41 A private soldier to C.C. Augur (with patriotic vignette), July 7, 1862
1 42 Rhett family to one another (5 items), 1863-1865 and undated
1 43 Riddle, A.G. to Supreme Court on Claims, Apr. 14, 1867
1 44 Roosevelt, Robert B. to C.C. Augur, Sept. 24, 1870; Aug. 22, 1871
1 45 Scott, J.W. (?) to C.C. Augur, July 4, 1848
1 46 Sheridan, Michael V. to C.C. Augur, Apr. 21, 1882
1 47 Sheridan, Philip H. to C.C. Augur, Dec. 7, 1880
1 48 Stevens, Rev. C. Ellis to Gen. and Mrs. C.C. Augur, Mar. 26, Apr. 2, 1896
1 49 Stone, Benjamin Bellows Grant to C.C. Augur, July 22, 1864
1 50 Sturgis, Samuel D. to C.C. Augur, Jan. 3, 1885, with Augur reply
1 51 Townsend, Edward D. to C.C. Augur, Nov. 18, 1871; Mar. 18, 1880
1 52 Tripp, Henry A. to C.C. Augur, Nov. 14, 1887
1 53 de Trobriand, Regis, reply to C.C. Augur, Mar. 28, 1878, with Augur letter, Mar. 21, 1878
1 54 Wood, J.A. to C.C. Augur, Apr. 23, 1891
1 55 Worsley, Pardon to C.C. Augur, June 27, 1870
1 56 Unidentified to Mrs. C.C. Augur, undated
1 57 Telegrams (13 items), 1867-1885

Series 2: Military Administrative Letter-books, 1872-1878

Three large, bound ledgers containing copies of official correspondence, extracts of letters, telegrams, and endorsements of military communications, pertaining to General Christopher C. Augur’s administration at the Department of Texas and the Department of the Gulf. Each volume is individually boxed.
Arranged chronologically.

Box Folder Contents
2 Collection of Letters Containing Instructions and Reports from Headquarters Department of Texas, under the Administration of Brig. Gen. C.C. Augur, 1872-1875
3 Untitled. Copies of correspondence and endorsements of military communications, 1872-1875
4 Extract Copies of Important Letters and Telegrams Sent: Department of the Gulf, March 26, 1875-March 8, 1878
4 Extract Copies of Important Letters and Telegrams Sent: Department of the Gulf, March 26, 1875-March 8, 1878

Series 3: Miscellaneous, 1780-1912

Military orders and reports, both manuscript and printed (1838-1882); accounts and receipts; clippings (1864-1898); a notebook/scrapbook (1852-1854); two speeches and a short essay of Augur’s; a collection of memorabilia, including an obituary of Augur’s daughter, four poems and an engraving; two maps; photographic portrait proofs of Augur’s son Jacob; an 1863 Indian treaty and a 1780 document relating to the “Maryland Act”.
Arranged by type of material. Military orders and reports in chronological order, with manuscript items preceding printed items.

Box Folder Contents
5 58 Military Orders and Reports: General Orders #7, Alexander Macomb, Detroit, Michigan, Sept. 8, 1838
5 59 Military Orders and Reports: General Orders #39, Winfield Scott, Washington, DC, July 12, 1841
5 60 Military Orders and Reports: Special Orders #104 (extract), Zachary Taylor (signed by W.W. Bliss), July 15, 1846
5 61 Military Orders and Reports: Official Report of the Battle of Cedar Mountain, Christopher C. Augur, Sept. 10, 1862
5 62 Military Orders and Reports: Order from the Depot, 1st Division: John B. Babcock to G.B. Halstead, May 31, 1863
5 63 Military Orders and Reports: Report of the U.S. Forces commanded by Carlos P. Messer before Port Hudson, June 18, 1863
5 64 Military Orders and Reports: Reports from regiments and batteries in 1st Division on effective strength, June 18, 1863
5 65 Military Orders and Reports: Roster of troops moved to the Army of the Potomac by Halleck and Augur, May 12-June 28, 1864
5 66 Military Orders and Reports: Christopher C. Augur, rough draft of report on military career, undated, 1864
5 67 Military Orders and Reports: Appointment of Christopher C. Augur as Brig. Gen. by brevet, June 28, 1865
5 68 Military Orders and Reports: Order for Christopher C. Augur to assume command of the Department of the Platte, Jan. 18, 1867
5 69 Military Orders and Reports: Report on conditions at Fort Laramie, Innis Palmer, May 10, 1867
5 70 Military Orders and Reports: Report on the military chaplain at Fort Laramie, Innis Palmer, June 19, 1867
5 71 Military Orders and Reports (printed): Special Orders from War Department and Headquarters of the Army, 1863-1885
5 72 Military Orders and Reports (printed): Report to Sec. Of War on the U.S. Army by William T. Sherman, Nov. 20, 1869
5 73 Military Orders and Reports (printed): Article reporting on Mexican/Texas affairs at Matamoros by Juan N. Cortina, Aug. 27, 1872
5 74 Military Orders and Reports (printed): Report of the Commission to Meet the Sioux Indian Chief, Sitting Bull, Washington, 1877
5 75 Military Orders and Reports (printed): Reports of Inspection Made in the summer of 1877 of Country North of the Union Pacific Railroad by Gens. P H. Sheridan and W.T. Sherman
5 76 Military Orders and Reports (printed): Record of Engagements with Hostile Indians within the Military Division of the Missouri from 1868 to 1882 by P.H. Sheridan (2 copies), 1882
5 77 Accounts and Receipts: Form of Judge Advocate's Account with C.C. Augur, Matamoros, 1846
5 78 Accounts and Receipts: Receipts for supplies on a Yakima Expedition, Vancouver, Sept, 1860
5 79 Accounts and Receipts: Bank checks and receipts of Gen. and Mrs. Christopher C. Augur, 1862-1888
5 80 Accounts and Receipts: Receipt of $100 from Gen. Holabird for a horse, Mar. 24, 1863
5 81 Accounts and Receipts: Account for land purchase from Union Pacific Railroad at Fort David Russell, Sept. 6, 1867
5 82 Accounts and Receipts: C.C. Augur's account for a house in Cheyenne, Jan. 1, 1868
5 83 Accounts and Receipts: C.C. Augur's account for the "Benner Relief Fund", Dec. 8, 1879
5 84 Accounts and Receipts: Relating to bonds with the San Antonio Water Works, Oct. 14, 1881; June 6, 1882
5 85 Accounts and Receipts: Account of back pay due to C.C. Augur, issued by U.S. Treasury, June 18, 1885
5 86 Accounts and Receipts: Distribution to Indians, undated
5 87 Clippings, 1864-1898 and undated
5 88 Engraving, "Action between the Merrimac and the Monitor", 1863
5 89 Memorabilia, 1866-1911 and undated
5 90 Notebook/Scrapbook, Oregon, 1852-1854
5 91 Obituary of C.C. Augur's daughter Ellen, March, 1894
5 92 Photographs: proofs of portraits of Jacob A. Augur (with relevant correspondence between Murray B. Augur and the photographer), Dec. 28, 1911 - Apr. 11, 1912
5 93 Poems (5 items), 1856; 1878; undated
5 94 Speech: Reply to a toast at the Society of the Cincinnati dinner, 1879
5 95 Speech: West Point Military Academy graduation speech [1881?]
5 96 Treaty between the U.S. and Shoshonee Indians, Box Elder, Utah (printed), July 30, 1863
5 97 Treaty between the U.S. and mixed bands of Bannacks and Shoshonees, Utah (manuscript), Oct. 14, 1863
5 98 Writings: C.C. Augur's thoughts on Indian wars, undated
5 99 Historical document: relating to the Maryland Act, an act for calling out of circulation certain bills of credit, Mar. 13, 1780
6 100 Map: Military District of Kansas and the Territories, Maj. Gen. G.M. Dodge commanding, MS Map 6F G4051.P3 D6 1866, 1866. Photographic copy. For original, see
6 101 Keeler's Map of the U.S. Territories Pacific R.R. Routes Mineral Lands and Indian Reservations, 1867