TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary of the Collection

Administrative Information

Biography of David Tilden Brown

Scope and Content of the Collection

Arrangement

Selected Search Terms

Related Material

Container List

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Inventory of the David Tilden Brown Papers, 1848-1866,bulk 1849


The Newberry Library
Roger and Julie Baskes Department of Special Collections
60 West Walton Street
Chicago, Illinois 60610-7324
USA
Phone: 312-255-3506
Fax: 312-255-3646
E-Mail: specialcolls@newberry.org
URL: http://www.newberry.org

Machine-readable finding aid encoded by Polly Smith, 2011.

©2011.


Descriptive Summary of the Collection

Creator Brown, D. Tilden (David Tilden), 1822-1889
Title David Tilden Brown Papers
Dates 1848-1866
Dates bulk 1849
Extent 2 linear feet (1 box, 1 oversize folder)
Abstract Letters, receipts, contracts, 2 manuscript maps, and drawings pertaining to Brown's activities in Nicaragua around 1848-1850. Brown traveled to Central America in 1849 planning to establish a cheaper and faster commercial route west from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean across the isthmus of Nicaragua. Brown and several associates formed the CompanÍa de Vapores de Nicaragua and, on March 14, 1849, negotiated the first treaty with General José Trinidad Muñoz for exclusive rights to steamship travel up the San Juan River and across Lake Nicaragua.
Language Materials are in English andSpanish.
Repository Newberry Library, Roger and Julie Baskes Department of Special Collections
Collection Call Number VAULT Ayer MS 1819
Collection Stack Location VAULT 50 2

Administrative Information

Cite As

David Tilden Brown Papers, The Newberry Library, Chicago.

Provenance

Gift, Mrs. Barton S. Snow, 1972.

Processed by

Martha Briggs.

Access

The David Tilden Brown Papers are open for research in the Special Collections Reading Room; 1 box at a time (Priority III).

Ownership and Literary Rights

The David Tilden Brown Papers are the physical property of the Newberry Library. Copyright may belong to the authors or their legal heirs or assigns. For permission to publish or reproduce any materials from this collection, contact the Roger and Julie Baskes Department of Special Collections.

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Biography of David Tilden Brown

Psychiatrist, explorer and businessman.

Brown practiced psychiatry from 1844-1849 in various asylums in the eastern U.S. Once gold had been discovered in California, Brown traveled to Central America in 1849 planning to establish a cheaper and faster commercial route west from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean across the isthmus of Nicaragua. Brown and several associates, Willard Parker (his former teacher), Simeon H. Ackerman, E.G. Squier, and Asher Kursheadt formed the Compañía de Vapores de Nicaragua and, on March 14, 1849, negotiated the first treaty with General José Trinidad Muñoz for exclusive rights to steamship travel up the San Juan River and across Lake Nicaragua, where passengers and cargoes were then transported by mules to San Juan del Sur on the Pacific coast. The treaty was never formally ratified, and later that year, the company was absorbed by the American Atlantic and Pacific Ship Canal Company, formed by Cornelius Vanderbilt to build a canal across Nicaragua. Back in the U.S., Brown practiced from 1852-1877 when he retired due to poor health.

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Scope and Content of the Collection

Letters, receipts, contracts, 2 manuscript maps, and a drawing pertaining to Brown’s activities in Nicaragua around 1848-1850. Many are dated 1849, and concern his company Compañía de Vapores de Nicaragua. Included are: the Articles of Agreement between the company and Nicaragua in rough draft form and the grant of the transit route, dated March 14, 1849, and signed by Brown and Nicaraguan chief of state General José Trinidad Muñoz. (For an English translation along with other materials by and about Brown, cf. Compilation of executive documents and diplomatic correspondence relative to a trans-isthmian canal in Central America, vol. I, New York : 1900.)

Also included: letters from U.S. Secretary of State James Buchanan; General José Trinidad Muñoz; E.G. Squier, canal expert and, at the time, chargé d’affaires in Nicaragua; Brown’s business partners Simeon H. Ackerman and Asher Kursheadt; and Joseph L. White, Vanderbilt’s representative for the American Atlantic and Pacific Canal Company in Nicaragua. Periodicals of 1849 (located in oversize) --Correo del Istmo, and El panameño--and a broadside "Lamento patriótico", illustrate public opinion favorable to Brown’s proposed project. Finally, a folding blue silk portfolio or wallet, bearing Brown’s name, and stamped "Yengfoong", was possibly used to record purchases or other commercial transactions.

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Arrangement

Arranged by type of material.

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Selected Search Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Newberry Library's public catalog. Researchers desiring additional materials on a particular topic should search the catalog using these headings.

Names

  • Ackerman, Simeon H.
  • Parker, Willard, 1800-1884
  • Brown, D. Tilden (David Tilden), 1822-1889
  • Buchanan, James, 1791-1868
  • Compañia de Vapores de Nicaragua
  • Kursheadt, Asher
  • Muñoz, José Trinidad
  • Squier, E. G. (Ephraim George), 1821-1888
  • White, Joseph Livingston, d. 1861

Subjects

  • Canals --Nicaragua --History --19th century --Sources
  • Canals, Interoceanic --History --19th century --Sources
  • Correspondence -- 1801-1850
  • Manuscript maps
  • Manuscripts, American
  • Manuscripts, Spanish
  • Nicaragua --History --1838-1909 --Sources
  • Nicaragua Canal (Nicaragua) --History --19th century --Sources
  • Physicians --Nicaragua --Correspondence
  • Steamboat lines --Nicaragua --Sources

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Container List

Box Folder Contents
1 1 Articles of Agreements—Drafts of Contracts, 1849
1 2 Grant of Transit Route through Nicaragua (with duplicate) signed by J. F. Munoz and D. T. Brown, March 14, 1849
1 3 Correspondence, Jan.—March, 1849
1 4 Correspondence, April—May, 1849
1 5 Correspondence, June—July, 1849
1 6 Correspondence, Aug. 1849—Aug. 1850
1 7 Correspondence, undated
1 8 Official Documents, 1847—1866 and undated
1 9 Miscellaneous Documents and Notes, 1848—1850 and undated
1 10 Maps—Nicaragua, undated
1 11 Drawings, undated
Oversize Four local periodicals, 1849

Related Material

See also Ayer MS 1818 (recollections of Brown's visits to Nicaragua); and Midwest MS BrownD (other D. Tilden Brown material)

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