TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary of the Collection

Administrative Information

Biography of Carlos W. Colby

Scope and Content of the Collection

Organization

Selected Search Terms

Container List

Series 1: Carlos Colby, 1862-1922

Series 2: James Rowe, [Oct. 1862]-July 4, 1865

Series 3: Colby Family, 1821-1937

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Inventory of the Carlos W. Colby Papers, 1821-1937, bulk 1861-1865


The Newberry Library
Roger and Julie Baskes Department of Special Collections
60 West Walton Street
Chicago, Illinois 60610-7324
USA
Phone: 312-255-3506
Fax: 312-255-3646
E-Mail: specialcolls@newberry.org
URL: http://www.newberry.org

Machine-readable finding aid encoded by Lisa Janssen, 2004.

©2004.


Descriptive Summary of the Collection

Creator Colby, Carlos W., 1837-1922
Title Carlos W. Colby Papers
Dates 1821-1937
Dates bulk 1861-1865
Extent 0.8 linear feet (2 boxes)
Abstract Primarily correspondence (129 letters) of Illinois farmer and Civil War soldier Carlos W. Colby, written between 1862 and 1865, to his sisters, brother, brother-in-law, and niece, plus a dozen Civil War letters written by Colby’s future brother-in-law James Rowe. Also includes Colby’s reminiscences of his boyhood and his service in the 97th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment, some family correspondence, genealogical material and a few photos.
Language Materials are in English.
Repository Newberry Library, Roger and Julie Baskes Department of Special Collections
Collection Call Number Vault Case MS 10014
Collection Stack Location Vault 35 3

Administrative Information

Cite As

Carlos W. Colby Papers, The Newberry Library, Chicago.

Provenance

Gift of John S. Painter, 1989.

Processed by

Virginia H. Smith, 2001, Marisa Bell-Metereau, 2009.

Access

The Carlos W. Colby Papers are open for research in the Special Collections Reading Room; 5 folders at a time maximum (Priority II).

Ownership and Literary Rights

The Carlos W. Colby Papers are the physical property of the Newberry Library. Copyright may belong to the authors or their legal heirs or assigns. For permission to publish or reproduce any materials from this collection, contact the Roger and Julie Baskes Department of Special Collections.

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Biography of Carlos W. Colby

Illinois farmer and Civil War soldier.

Carlos W. Colby was born on May 15, 1837 on a farm in Merrimack County, New Hampshire, ten miles north of Concord. Colby moved with his family from New Hampshire to a farm near Alton, Illinois, in 1850. Colby was a farmer until, at the age of 25, he enlisted in Company G of the 97th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment on August 11, 1862 and was mustered in as a second corporal at Camp Butler in Springfield, Illinois. The Illinois 97th was assigned to participate in the Vicksburg Campaign, and as the Union Army moved south, Colby recorded his military experiences in regular letters to his family.

Reaching Memphis, the regiment became part of Major General Ulysses S. Grant’s organization of forces for a two-pronged assault on the strategically-placed city of Vicksburg, Mississippi. Arriving in December 1862, the 97th stayed in the Vicksburg area, took part in the continual assaults upon and the final surrender of Vicksburg in early July of 1863, and thence was moved south to New Orleans. The regiment stayed in Louisiana, Alabama, and Florida, joining in several expeditions and campaigns until April 1865. Colby was wounded in the leg at the charge of Fort Blakely in Alabama on April 9, 1865. After several months in the hospital, he was mustered out on August 18, 1865 as a first sergeant.

After the war, Carlos Colby returned to the farm in Alton and married Anne E. Rowe, the sister of a company friend, in December 1866. He then settled down to farming and raising a family. Carlos Colby and Anne Colby had eight children, four of whom survived to adulthood. Colby lived in Alton until 1883 when he moved to a farm near Buckley, Illinois. His wife Anne died in 1899 and in 1900 he retired from farming and moved to Peoria, Illinois. Colby died in Peoria, Illinois in 1922 at age 85.

It was during the siege of Vicksburg that Colby was a member of a volunteer storming party that made an assault on the enemy’s works. He received a Congressional Medal of Honor in 1896 “…for most distinguished gallantry in action at the battle of Vicksburg, Miss.” Excerpts of many of Colby’s letters pertaining to the Vicksburg Campaign were edited and annotated by his great-grandson, John S. Painter, and published under the title “Bullets, Hardtack and Mud: A Soldier’s View of the Vicksburg Campaign,” in the Journal of the West, Vol. IV, No. 2, April 1865.

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Scope and Content of the Collection

The bulk of the collection consists of Civil War letters; some material relating to the 97th Illinois Volunteer Regiment; reminiscences of Colby’s boyhood and military career and copies of his obituaries; a small group of family letters; genealogical writings; and photographs of Colby and his family.

Narrative descriptions of the subject matter, types of material, and arrangement of each series are available through the Organization section of the finding aid.

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Organization

Papers are organized in the following series:

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Selected Search Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Newberry Library's public catalog. Researchers desiring additional materials on a particular topic should search the catalog using these headings.

Names

  • Colby family
  • Colby, Carlos W., 1837-1922
  • Daily Citizen (Vicksburg, Miss.)
  • Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885 -- Public opinion
  • Rowe, James
  • United States. Army. Illinois Infantry Regiment, 97th (1862-1865)
  • United States. Army. Military life -- History -- 19th century -- Sources

Subjects

  • Brothers and sisters -- Correspondence
  • Camp Butler (Ill.) -- History -- 19th century -- Sources
  • Correspondence -- Illinois -- Alton -- 1851-1900
  • Correspondence -- Missouri -- St. Louis -- 1851-1900
  • Correspondence -- New England -- 1851-1900
  • Correspondence -- Southern states -- 1851-1900
  • Fort Blakely (Ala.) --History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
  • Illinois -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Military life
  • Illinois -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Personal narratives
  • Jackson, Battle of, Jackson, Miss., 1863 -- Personal narratives
  • Manuscripts, American
  • Military hospitals, American -- History -- 19th century -- Sources
  • New England -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Military life
  • New England -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Personal narratives
  • Parent and adult child -- Correspondence
  • Photographs -- Illinois -- 1851-1900
  • Photographs -- Illinois -- 1901-1950
  • Racism -- United States -- History -- 19th century -- Sources
  • Saint Louis (Mo.) -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Military life
  • Saint Louis (Mo.) -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Personal narratives
  • Soldiers -- Missouri -- Correspondence
  • Soldiers -- Southern states -- Correspondence
  • Soldiers' writings, American
  • Soldiers--Illinois -- Correspondence
  • Transportation, Military -- United States -- History -- 19th century -- Sources
  • United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Campaigns -- Sources
  • United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Hospitals -- Sources
  • Vicksburg (Miss.) -- History -- Siege, 1863

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Container List

Series 1: Carlos Colby, 1862-1922

Consists of 129 Civil War letters of Carlos W. Colby of the Illinois 97th Volunteer Infantry Regiment written between 1862 and 1865 to his sisters, brother, brother-in-law, and niece. These letters describe in detail all aspects of Colby’s daily camp life as a common soldier including such topics as accommodations, food, clothing, health, weather, scenery, transportation and weaponry, as well as reflecting social and racial attitudes, moral and mental states, observations of the military leaders and strategies, and patriotic sentiments. Colby includes graphic descriptions of particular battles and skirmishes, including the Siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi, the Siege of Fort Blakely, Alabama, and the Battle of Jackson, Mississippi. Also, a few writings of Colby’s including his reminiscences of his boyhood and his military service; and some miscellaneous material relating to his Congressional Medal of Honor, the published history of the Illinois 97th Infantry Regiment, and copies of newspaper articles about Colby and several of his obituaries.
Letters arranged chronologically; writings and miscellaneous material arranged alphabetically by type of material or title.

Box Folder Contents
1 1 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, Camp Butler, IL (march, camp life, food), Aug. 1862
1 2 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, Camp Butler, IL (weapons, furlough, food), Aug. 1862
1 3 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister Carrie, Camp Butler, IL (alcohol, food, mail, marching orders), Aug. 1862
1 4 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, Camp Butler, IL (details about camp, prisoners’ quarters, daily routine), Aug. 24, 1862
1 5 Letter, Colby, Carlos to brother, Camp Butler, IL (money, mail, marches), Aug. 30, 1862
1 6 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, Camp Butler, IL (food, theft, unrest in the company, guard duty), Aug. 31, 1862
1 7 Letter, Colby, Carlos to Caty, Camp Butler, IL (camp life, Caty learning to write), Sept. 1862
1 8 Letter, Colby, Carlos to brother, Camp Butler, IL (payday, mail), Sept. 1862
1 9 Letter, Colby, Carlos to “folks at home,” Camp Butler, IL (food, company muster orders, weather, camp life, list of officers), Sept. 7, 1862
1 10 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, Camp Butler, IL (weather, muster-in ceremony, camp life), Sept. 17, 1862
1 11 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, Camp Butler, IL (mail, camp ceremony, weather), Oct. 1, 1862
1 12 Letter fragment, Colby, Carlos to unknown, unknown location (food, captured soldiers, newspapers, illness in camp), Oct. 1862
1 13 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, near Covington, KY (camp life and rules, deserters), Oct. 1862
1 14 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister Sallie, Fort Mitchell, KY (mail, camp life, rations, march), Oct. 1862
1 15 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, Fort Mitchell, KY (march, camp life, mail and pictures), Oct. 10, 1862
1 16 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, Camp Rutherford, KY (march, camp life, food), Oct. 10, 1862
1 17 Letter, Colby, Carlos to Sara, Falmouth, KY (march, weather, details about brigade, prisoners, sewing), Oct. 21, 1862
1 18 Letter fragment, Colby, Carlos to unnamed (striking camp), Oct. 1862
1 19 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister Carrie, Paris, KY (union demonstrations, marches, disagreement with a captain), Oct. 27, 1862
1 20 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister Sallie, Nicholasville, KY (mail, camp life, illness, unrest in camp, money), Nov. 1, 1862
1 21 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, Camp Smith, KY (accidents and deaths in camp, mail, dissent in camp), Nov. 9, 1862
1 22 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, Frankfort, KY (illness, march, mail, new camp in Louisville), Nov. 12, 1862
1 23 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, Louisville, KY (mail, illness-mumps, march to Memphis), Nov. 18, 1862
1 24 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sisters, on Transport Moderator (illness-mumps, mail, church, moving camp), Nov. 23, 1862
1 25 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, Memphis, TN (weather, health, lodging, mail, war), Nov. 28, 1862
1 26 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, Memphis, TN (mail, a pass out of camp, weather, camp life), Dec. 8, 1862
1 27 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, Memphis, TN (photograph, camp life, food and cooking, dissent in camp, illness), Dec. 12, 1862
1 28 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, Memphis, TN (march led by General Sherman, training, Christmas, mail, leave for LA on the Robert Campbell Jr.), Dec. 19, 1862
1 29 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, on transport steamboat Robert Campbell Jr. (boats, war, countryside, food, Christmas), Dec. 1862
1 30 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, Yazoo River on transport steamboat Robert Campbell, Jr. (skirmish, weather, battle, mail, Christmas, General Sherman, hand drawn map, injuries), Jan. 2, 1863
1 31 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, “60 miles below Napoleon” on the Mississippi River (mail, newspapers, crops, move up the river), Jan. 6, 1863
1 32 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, mouth of the White River in Arkansas (river travel, money), Jan. 8, 1863
1 33 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, Arkansas Post (death in the company, recent battle, mail), Jan. 12, 1863
1 34 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, Arkansas Post (battle near the water, wounded soldiers and casualties, description of guns and cannons, weather, mail), Jan. 15, 1863
1 35 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, Milliken’s Bend, LA (health, deserters, weapons, slavery, mail), Jan. 21, 1863
1 36 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, opposite mouth of the Yazoo River in Mississippi (health, mail, moving camp, camp life), Jan. 24, 1863
1 37 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, Muddy Camp, LA (new camp on the river, mail, health, regiment deaths and promotions, healthcare in camp), Jan. 29, 1863
1 38 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister Sallie, Young’s Point, LA (health, new leadership, comrades dismissed from duty, mail, clothing), Feb. 2, 1863
1 39 Letter, Colby, Carlos to brother, Young’s Point, LA (mail, food, contents of a package from home, details of the new campsite, request for information from home), Feb. 8, 1863
1 40 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, Young’s Point, LA (mail, fellow soldier’s release, levee duty, change of command in the brigade), Feb. 12, 1863
1 41 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister Sallie, Young’s Point, LA (weather, duty, skirmish on the water, list of soldiers accused of shirking duty, mail), Feb. 16, 1863
1 42 Letter, Colby, Carlos to brother Charlie, Young’s Point, LA (weather, boring camp life, digging a canal, smallpox, illness in camp), Feb. 20, 1863
1 43 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister Carrie, Young’s Point, LA (mail, weather, canal digging, unsatisfactory promotion in the company, camp doctor, French furlow), Feb. 26, 1863
1 44 Letter, Colby, Carlos to brother, Young’s Point, LA (mail, weather, goods for sale in camp, payday, request for a hat), Feb. 27, 1863
1 45 Letter fragment, Colby, Carlos to unknown, unknown location, LA (mail, getting paid, list of rations), Mar. 1863
1 46 Letter, Colby, Carlos to Sallie, Young’s Point, LA (mail, Abraham Lincoln, regiments’ work on canal, unrest and discipline in the regiment), Mar. 4, 1863
1 47 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, Milliken’s Bend, LA (camp levee break, weather, camp lodging, rebellion against authority in camp, food), Mar. 13, 1863
1 48 Letter, Colby, Carlos to “folks at home,” Milliken’s Bend, LA (death of brother’s child, mail, health, camp doctor’s resignation), Mar. 18, 1863
1 49 Letter, Colby, Carlos to brother, Milliken’s Bend, LA (money sent home, an overcoat, Brigade inspection by General Smith, weather, camp food), Mar. 21, 1863
1 50 Letter, Colby, Carlos to brother Charlie, Milliken’s Bend, LA (cost of paper, weather, detail of punishment for a deserter, brother’s child’s death, rumors about Vicksburg), Mar. 21, 1863
1 51 Letter, Colby, Carlos to Sallie, Milliken’s Bend, LA (mail, discharges in the regiment, weather, details of a recently received package, sister Sallie’s health), Mar. 26, 1863
1 52 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, Milliken’s Bend, LA (mail, sister Carrie’s health, brigade inspections, a recent skirmish, enemy casualties), Mar. 31, 1863
1 53 Letter, Colby, Carlos to unknown, Milliken’s Bend, LA (mail, camp duty, illness, weather, General McClemon’s wife), Apr. 2, 1863
1 54 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, Milliken’s Bend, LA (mail, future attack on Vicksburg, description of General Grant’s headquarters, sister Carrie’s illness, camp life), Apr. 8, 1863
1 55 Letter, Colby, Carlos to niece Caty, Milliken’s Bend, LA (General Grant’s son, request for mail, camp rations), Apr. 1863
1 56 Letter, Colby, Carlos to Sallie, Milliken’s Bend, LA (weather, mail, Sallie’s correspondence, details of picket duty, arrival of 12th army corps, letter from Lucy), Apr. 14, 1863
1 57 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, Major Holmes’ plantation, ten miles south of Richmond, LA (march to Richmond, raiding a plantation, mail), Apr. 17, 1863
1 58 Letter, Colby, Carlos to brother, Holmes plantation, ten miles south of Richmond, LA (pay, mail, troop health and morale), Apr. 19, 1863
1 59 Song, Colby, Carlos to unknown, enclosure in letter, “The Soldier’s Life” Apr., 1863
1 60 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, New Carthage, LA (mail, sister Carrie’s health, march to New Carthage, clothing), Apr. 26, 1863
1 61 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister Carrie, Camp Bayou Pier, 50 miles south of Vicksburg (scarce rations, details of recent battle, price of food), May 6, 1863
1 62 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, Ball’s Ferry, Baldwin’s Ferry, LA (march near Vicksburg, rebel soldiers’ confidence, Sunday activities), May 13, 1863
1 63 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, near Vicksburg, MS (mail, accounts of movements since leaving Baldwin’s Ferry, injuries in battle, health, future skirmishes), May 26, 1863
1 64 Letter, Colby, Carlos to unknown, near Vicksburg, MS (picket and fatigue duty, rations, possible promotion, confidential information in letter), June 1863
1 65 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, rear of Vicksburg, MS (picket duty, details of shell explosions, dreams, request for items from home), June 3, 1863
1 66 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister Carrie, rear of Vicksburg, MS (camp life, chiggers, scurvy in camp, a recently constructed fort, rebel deserters, mail), June 9, 1863
1 67 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister Sallie, rear of Vicksburg, MS (news from home, Battle of Vicksburg, projected changes in the regiment at conclusion of Vicksburg, health), June 13, 1863
1 68 Letter, Colby, Carlos to brother Charlie, rear of Vicksburg, MS (mail, rebel skirmish, injuries, arrest in camp, weather), June 19, 1863
1 69 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister Sallie, rear of Vicksburg, MS (details about Battle of Vicksburg, a wounded deserter, food, money, rations, inquiries about family at home), June 21, 1863
1 70 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, rear of Vicksburg, MS (mail, news of a conditional surrender of Vicksburg, rebel skirmish, victory at Vicksburg), July 3, 1863
1 71 Letter, Colby, Carlos to unknown, Jackson, MS (rebel starvation, rebel casualties from battle, news of Battle of Vicksburg, sketch of Vicksburg), July 1863
1 72 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, Vicksburg, MS (mail, march, recent skirmish, picket duty, captain’s resignation, moving camp), July 26, 1863
1 73 Letter, Colby, Carlos to Carrie, Vicksburg, MS (surrender at Vicksburg, countryside near Vicksburg, details of remaining detritus from Battle of Vicksburg, news of battle in the papers, weather), July 31, 1863
1 74 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, Vicksburg, MS (mail, march to new battle site, boats, food, money), Aug. 4, 1863
1 75 Letter, Colby, Carlos to brother Charlie, Vicksburg, MS (weather, trip to town, hospital, rebel prisoner anecdote, health), Aug. 5, 1863
1 76 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, Vicksburg, MS (homesickness, food, recent religious service, new additions to their regiment), Aug. 11, 1863
1 77 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, Carrollton, LA, near New Orleans (new camp on the Mississippi, transport down the Mississippi by boat, recent skirmish on the Mississippi, money), Aug. 28, 1863
1 78 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, Carrolton, LA (recent military review, trip to town, details of a visit to New Orleans, marching orders), Sept. 1, 1863
1 79 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister Sallie, near Carrolton, LA (illness, package received from home, recent military demonstrations, tensions between Eastern & Western soldiers), Sept. 10, 1863
1 80 Letter, Colby, Carlos to brother, Carrolton, LA (mail, disagreement with a recently promoted comrade, dissent in camp, stolen horse), Sept. 18, 1863
1 81 Letter, Colby, Carlos to Sallie, Carrolton, LA (march, money, recently discharged compatriot), Oct. 4, 1863
1 82 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, camp near New Iberia, LA (mail, march to new camp through a swamp, visit to a confederate-sympathetic relative, condition of countryside, lost mail), Oct. 11, 1863
1 83 Letter, Colby, Carlos to Carrie, New Iberia, LA (mail, fire on boats on Mississippi River, political dissent in church, handsome local girls), Oct. 25, 1863
1 84 Letter, Colby, Carlos to “loved ones at home,” New Orleans, LA (detailed description of train disaster, casualties, injuries), Nov. 2, 1863
1 85 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, New Orleans, LA (mail, provost duty in New Orleans, wounded regiment members, church, reorganization), Nov. 8, 1863
1 86 Letter fragment, Colby, Carlos to sister, New Orleans, LA (mail, provost marshal duties in New Orleans, escaped prisoners, crimes of men in his company), Nov. 18, 1863
1 87 Letter, Colby, Carlos to Sallie, New Orleans, LA (recent theater outing, money, mail, presents for the children), Dec. 2, 1863
1 88 Letter, Colby, Carlos to Sallie, New Orleans, LA (in hospital, mail and package received), Dec. 13, 1863
1 89 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, New Orleans, LA (recovered and out of hospital, current weight, food, sudden death in the company, inquiry about a friend from home), Dec. 23, 1863
1 90 Letter, Colby, Carlos to brother Henry, New Orleans, LA (Christmas, mail, weather and flooding in New Orleans, abuse of power in the ranks and subsequent confrontation), Dec. 29, 1863
1 91 Letter, Colby, Carlos to unknown, LA (recent package, appearance style, regards to friend at home, regiment headquarters), 1864 or 1865
1 92 Letter, Colby, Carlos to brother, New Orleans, LA (mail, photograph, weather, visit to the hospital, visit to site of Battle of New Orleans, illnesses in regiment), Jan. 31, 1864
1 93 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister Sallie, New Orleans, LA (mail, confederate refugees in camp, new recruits to the regiment, description of terrain), Feb. 7, 1864
1 94 Letter, Colby, Carlos to “my dear darling Catie,” New Orleans, LA (mail, recent Mardi Grad celebration, a parrot and jokes to play with it, paid), Feb. 16, 1864
1 95 Letter, Colby, Carlos to Sallie, New Orleans, LA (church, mail, upcoming Governor’s inauguration, fight with confederate townsmen, promotion possibility), Mar. 3, 1864
1 96 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister Sallie, New Orleans, LA (mail, friend who wants to enlist, troops departing to Texas, captain resigned, regiment gossip), Mar. 17, 1864
1 97 Letter, Colby, Carlos to Carrie, New Orleans, LA (mail, Captain Pickering’s promotion, upcoming regiment inspection), Mar. 26, 1864
1 98 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister Carrie, New Orleans, LA (new quarters in New Orleans, rebel prisoners, letter from home and enclosed picture, Governor’s review of the regiment), Apr. 4, 1864
1 99 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, New Orleans, LA (mail, package of food, party, photograph, weather, money), Apr. 12, 1864
1 100 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, New Orleans, LA (duty, weather, rebel prisoners exchange, package sent home), Apr. 25, 1864
1 101 Letter, Colby, Carlos to Sallie, New Orleans, LA (weather, death of a friend from home, reorganization of regiment, General Grant, money, food), May 15, 1864
1 102 Letter, Colby, Carlos to brother, New Orleans, LA (weather, possible regiment position takeover, movement of the army in Virginia, General Grant), May 23, 1864
1 103 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, New Orleans, LA (weather, women, arrests of influential citizens in New Orleans, enlisters in the Rebel army), June 8, 1864
1 104 Letter, Colby, Carlos to Katie, New Orleans, LA (mail, sending a gift home, school and studies, request for letter and news about the family), June 17, 1864
1 105 Letter, Colby, Carlos to brother, New Orleans, LA (weather, lecture to vote for Abraham Lincoln in the upcoming presidential election, reorganization of the regiments, furlough), June 26, 1864
1 106 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister Sallie, New Orleans, LA (mail received from a friend, seizure of all suitable horses in New Orleans, Fourth of July festivities, racist attitude), July 3, 1864
1 107 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister Sallie, New Orleans, LA (churches in town with Rebel or Union sympathies, marching orders, specifics about New Orleans geography, punishment of soldiers), July 16, 1864
1 108 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister Sallie, Morganza Bend, LA (mail, in hospital, recent march, weather), July 31, 1864
1 109 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, Morganza, LA (boredom at camp, mail, weather, health, traffic on the Mississippi River), Aug. 28, 1864
1 110 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, New Orleans, LA (travel to the hospital, unfit for duty, hospital conditions, mail), Sept. 6, 1864
1 111 Letter, Colby, Carlos to “dearly beloved sister,” Carrollton, LA (weather, downtime, African American Methodist Revival, General Burbridge, Louisiana countryside), Sept. 27, 1864
1 112 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, on board steamer “Kate Kinney” near Cairo, IL (details about the boat, freight, and passengers, money), Dec. 10, 1864
1 113 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, Morganza, LA (arrival at camp, illness, details about travel and people on the boat, request for advice about women, mail), Dec. 17, 1864
1 114 Letter, Colby, Carlos to Carrie, New Orleans, LA (Christmas dinner with a friend, recent hospital stay, illness, visit to friends in another hospital, food), Dec. 25, 1864
2 115 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister Sallie, Five Mile Creek, MS (sister Caroline’s death, the care of Caroline’s children, recovering from illness, packages and mail), Jan. 12, 1865
2 116 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister Sallie, East Pascagoula, MS (recent retreat, hard landscape, special treatment due to illness, receipt of delayed letter from deceased sister, detailed account of finding the regiment), Jan. 18, 1865
2 117 Letter, Colby, Carlos to Sallie, East Pascagoula, MS (illness at home, monotony of camp life, description of schedule in camp, discipline, money), Jan. 29, 1865
2 118 Letter, Colby, Carlos to niece Carrie, Barrancas, FL (condolences on her mother’s recent death, outline of duties in camp, description of lodging in camp, weather), Feb. 19, 1865
2 119 Letter, Colby, Carlos to Sallie, Barrancas, FL (national salute for Washington’s birthday, reflection of time enlisted, strictness of new leader, discipline in camp, health of the regiment), Feb. 22, 1865
2 120 Letter, Colby, Carlos to “my own dear Carrie,” Barrancas, FL (received recent letter with handkerchief from deceased sister, surprised at progress in school, camp life), Mar. 4, 1865
2 121 Letter, Colby, Carlos to Sallie, near Pensacola, FL (news about occupation of Charleston, upcoming march, anecdote about a corporal’s demotion, request for news from home), Mar. 1865
2 122 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, near Pensacola, FL (terrain of Florida Flats, recent marches, General Steele, mail, health, new camp, leadership), Mar. 22, 24, 1865
2 123 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, near Fort Blakely, AL (siege near Fort Blakely, injuries in the regiment, upcoming marching orders, mail, prospect of selling property at home), Apr. 8, 1865
2 124 Diary entry, Colby, Carlos near Fort Blakely, AL (account of the siege of Fort Blakely, written after the siege of Fort Blakely), Mar. 19-Apr. 7, 1865
2 125 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, near Blakely, AL (written while in the hospital, injury sustained in the siege and subsequent hospital stay), Apr. 10, 1865
2 126 Letter, Colby, Carlos to Sallie, Sedgwick, AR (food, update on injury sustained in siege, account of the fight and how injury was sustained, casualties in the regiment, account of trip to current hospital), Apr. 17, 1865
2 127 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, St. Louis, MO Marine Hospital (stay in hospital, request for discharge papers from home, Charlie’s visit, food, reading material), July 6, 1865
2 128 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, St. Louis, MO Marine Hospital (weather, leisure time, visiting Charlie, mail, possible upcoming discharge, details about his ward, food), July 11, 1865
2 129 Letter, Colby, Carlos to sister, St. Louis, MO Marine Hospital (prospect of being discharged, details of getting paid, getting mustered out, request for leave of absence), July 16, 1865
2 130 Miscellaneous Civil War Envelopes from Colby, Carlos to various family members, no date
2 131 Writings: "Battles 97th or days under fire", n.d.
2 132 Writings: Chronological Table, Civil War Campaigns of Carlos W. Colby, n.d.
2 133 Writings: Memoirs of Military Service, original mss., June 10, 1910
2 134 Writings: Memoirs of Military Service, Xerox copies, Mar. 16 and July 21, 1910
2 135 Writings: Reminiscences of childhood Unfinished original mss. and Xerox copy, n.d.
2 136 Writings: Reminiscences of childhood, version 2, Mar. 8, 1911. Xerox copy only
2 137 Writings: "Story of my 4th of July experience", Feb. 23, 1915. Xerox copy only
2 138 Miscellaneous: Official army documents. Xerox copies only
2 139 Miscellaneous: History of the 97th Infantry Regiment and company rosters. Neg. photostat
2 140 Miscellaneous: Obituaries. Xeroxes only

Series 2: James Rowe, [Oct. 1862]-July 4, 1865

Twelve Civil War letters written by James Rowe, friend in the 97th Illinois Infantry Regiment and future brother-in-law of Carlos Colby, to Rowe's sister, brother and mother between October, 1862 and July 4, 1865. Mustered in as an infantryman, Rowe was officially appointed as hospital steward of the 97th Regiment in Jan., 1864. Although they contain some descriptions of his battle experiences and hospital duties, the letters also dwell on Rowe's homesickness and family concerns.
Arranged chronologically.

Box Folder Contents
2 141 Letter, Rowe, James to sister, Cynthiana, KY (recent marches and difficulties on the march-hills, broken down wagons, camp Cynthiana, soldier life, rations), Oct., 1862
2 142 Letter fragment, Rowe, James to sister, near Vicksburg, MS (setting up camp near a rebel camp, payer/revival, mail, worn out clothes, prospect of new clothes, battle of Vicksburg, money), Jan. 1863
2 143 Letter, Rowe, James to mother, Homes Plantation, LA (mother and father’s illnesses, religious faith, camp location and conditions, enclosure of fish scales), Apr. 23, 1863
2 144 Letter, Rowe, James, to mother, Bayou Teche, LA (mail, march to Texas, confusing marching orders, anti-Rebel sentiment, communication restraints), Oct. 10, 1863
2 145 Letter, Rowe, James to sister, New Iberia, LA (thanks for gift received, mail, possible new appointment, pay discrepancies, gossip about sister’s former fiancé), Oct. 16, 1863
2 146 Letter, Rowe, James to sister, New Orleans, LA (recent death in camp, new position, sister’s love interest, Rowe’s own love interest, photograph, regards to people at home), Nov. 19, 1863
2 147 Letter, Rowe, James to sister, Morganza, LA (possible upcoming orders and move, mail, death of friend’s father, sister’s illness, time in the regiment, personal item stolen, photograph, cost of items compared to home, women), Sept., 1864
2 148 Letter, Rowe, James to sister, Morganza, LA (mother’s health, Carlos Colby’s visit to sister, package, mail, girlfriend), Nov. 16, 1864
2 149 Letter, Rowe, James to mother, near Blakely, AL (recent march, detail at Division Hospital, skirmish, injuries and casualties, duty), Apr. 7, 1865
2 150 Letter, Rowe, James to brother, near Mobile, AL (recent skirmish near Mobile, wounded and casualties, details about battle, duty), Apr. 13, 1865
2 151 Letter, Rowe, James to mother, Mobile, AL (expression of affection, homesickness, upcoming march, city of Mobile, regards to people at home), May 14, 1865
2 152 Letter, Rowe, James to sister, Galveston, TX (Independence Day, Battle of Vicksburg, in Texas, desire to return home, recent steam ship ride, water scarcity, Galveston, thoughts of girlfriend, regards to people at home), July 4, 1865

Series 3: Colby Family, 1821-1937

Correspondence among miscellaneous family members, ranging from an 1821 letter written by Carlos Colby's mother, to a 1934 letter by Ida Colby, Carlos Colby's daughter-in-law. Several letters contain genealogical information. Family writings include a detailed genealogical report and a copy of a fragment of a memoir by James Rowe. Miscellaneous material includes a picture of the Colby family crest and a fragile copy of the Vicksburg Daily Citizen of July 2, 1863, the last issue of that paper to be printed on wallpaper. Also includes a group of photographs of Carlos Colby and his family.
Correspondence and photographs arranged chronologically; other material arranged alphabetically.

Box Folder Contents
2 153 Letter, Long, Abigail to Enoch Long (Carlos Colby’s mother), Hopkinton, MA, (Lucy’s death and subsequent mourning, writing class, town gossip, criminal convictions), Apr. 22, 1821
2 154 Letter, unknown soldier to “William,” on the east bank of the River Hatchie, (details of recent march, weather and conditions, mail or lack thereof, Rebel townspeople, Union loyalty), Sept. 16, 1862
2 155 Letter, Stout, Lucy Colby to Carlos Colby, Princeton, NJ (his recent enlistment, fond memories from childhood, father’s death, God, mail, pride in Illinois enlistees, farming, food, request for info about camp life, enlisted friends), Sept. 22, 1862
2 156 Letter, Thomas, Charles to Caroline Maria Colby Thomas, Jefferson Barracks, MO (health, photograph, duties, children’s well-being, money), May 13, 1863
2 157 Letter, soldier Charlie Bingham to Amy E. Robbins (unidentified writer), in camp near Petersburg, VA (pen-pal, mail, possible end to war, rebel deserters, description of appearance, request of photograph), Feb. 24, 1865
2 158 Letter, Colby, Caroline (later Thomas) to Carlos Colby, location unknown (news of wound, money, Sunday school progress, weather), Apr. 30, 1865
2 159 Letter, Colby, Anne Rowe to Lucy C. Stout, Alton, IL (thank-you for bridal gift, expression of love for new family, mother’s health, mail), Feb. 5, 1867
2 160 Letter, Stout, Lucy Colby to Ida Colby (Mrs. Henry), Kingston, NJ (mail, Princeton, visiting, Christmas, upcoming inauguration, Happy New Year), Dec. 26, 1912
2 161 Letter, Stout, Lucy Colby to Ida Colby (Mrs. Henry), Kingston, NJ (postcard received, trip, request for pictures, age, death), July 27, 1913
2 162 Letter, Colby, Ida to “home folks” and includes copy of Henry Colby letter to “loved ones,” Landeck, Tyrol, Austria (travel through Europe, sightseeing, pictures, driving conditions, flora and fauna, dressmaking course, people from home), Aug. 28, 1913
2 163 Letter, Seward, Caroline C. T. to Carlos Colby (uncle), location unknown (name, age, death, relatives, weather, garden), May 11, 1922
2 164 Letter, Colby, Ida to “Florence and loved ones,” Walnut, IL (health, daughter Caroline’s health, babies, Christmas, son Henry, money, farming, relatives), Dec. 17, 1934
2 165 Miscellaneous genealogical letters, various locations 1912-1937
2 166 Writings, Colby, Anne Rowe (composition on flowers, editorial about submissions from alumni), n.d.
2 167 Writings, Kimball, Sarah M (Colby history), May, 1911
2 168 Writings, Rowe, James, “Epitome of the 97th Regiment Illinois Infantry Volunteers,” (Xerox, no original), n.d.
2 169 Miscellaneous, the Colby Family Crest, from “Fairburn’s Crests of the Leading Families in Great Britain and Ireland”
2 170 Miscellaneous, The Daily Citizen, Vicksburg, MS, last issue printed on wallpaper, says in margin “Copy sold by an old union soldier he helped print original" July 2, 1863
2 171 Photographs, negatives of Carlos Colby photos, medal of honor certificate, first sergeant certificate ca. 1862-1920
2 172 Photographs, Carlos Colby? Civil War tintypes ca. 1862-1920
2 173 Photographs, Carlos Colby, post-Civil War ca. 1862-1920
2 174 Photographs, family portrait, Carlos Colby and family ca. 1890
2 175 Photographs, family album, Colby family ca. 1920
2 176 Photographs, miscellaneous family and places n.d.