TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary of the Collection

Administrative Information

Biography of Iowa Land Company and Iowa Rail Road Land Company

Scope and Content of the Collection

Arrangement

Selected Search Terms

Container List

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Inventory of the Iowa Land and Railroad Company Records, 1855-1913


The Newberry Library
Roger and Julie Baskes Department of Special Collections
60 West Walton Street
Chicago, Illinois 60610-7324
USA
Phone: 312-255-3506
Fax: 312-255-3646
E-Mail: specialcolls@newberry.org
URL: http://www.newberry.org

Machine-readable finding aid encoded by Joy L. Austria, 2008.

©2008.


Descriptive Summary of the Collection

Creator Iowa Land Company
Title Iowa Land and Railroad Company Records
Dates 1855-1913
Extent 0.4 linear feet (1 box)
Abstract Correspondence, maps, reports and other documents and records kept by nineteenth century Iowa company investors, including directors and officers of the Chicago, Iowa and Nebraska Railroad, the town of Clinton, Iowa, the Iowa Land Company, the Iowa Rail Road Land Company and associated organizations.
Language Materials are in English.
Repository Newberry Library, Roger and Julie Baskes Department of Special Collections
Collection Call Number Midwest MS Iowa
Collection Stack Location 3a 35 1

Administrative Information

Cite As

Iowa Land and Railroad Company Records, The Newberry Library, Chicago.

Provenance

Gift of Selina F. Little, 2006.

Processed by

Virginia Hay Smith, 2007.

Access

The Iowa Land and Railroad Company Records are open for research in the Special Collections Reading Room; 5 folders at a time maximum (Priority II).

Ownership and Literary Rights

The Iowa Land and Railroad Company Records are the physical property of the Newberry Library. Copyright may belong to the authors or their legal heirs or assigns. For permission to publish or reproduce any materials from this collection, contact the Roger and Julie Baskes Department of Special Collections.

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Biography of Iowa Land Company and Iowa Rail Road Land Company

Correspondence, maps, reports and other documents and records kept by nineteenth century Iowa company investors, including directors and officers of the Chicago, Iowa and Nebraska Railroad, the town of Clinton, Iowa, the Iowa Land Company, the Iowa Rail Road Land Company and associated organizations.

Collection primarily concerns the founding of the city of Clinton, Iowa, and three organizations important in the early development of the state of Iowa, namely the Chicago, Iowa and Nebraska Railroad Company, the Iowa Land Company and the Iowa Rail Road Land Company. The Chicago, Iowa and Nebraska Railroad and the Chicago Land Company were instrumental in the founding of the city of Clinton. The individuals concerned later became investors in the Iowa Rail Road Land Company and several other railroads and companies vital to the settlement and growth of the state.

In 1855, the Chicago, Iowa and Nebraska Railroad, building from Illinois westward, announced it would cross the Mississippi River at Little Rock Island in Iowa. The Iowa Land Company, established by a group of Eastern investors, bought the land, established a relationship with the railroad, and named the area Clinton, in honor of the governor of New York. On November 10, 1855, the first plat of the city of Clinton was signed and by June, 1859, the railroad line was completed to Cedar Rapids. The Iowa Land Company was incorporated for a period of twenty years, sold shares at $100 each, and henceforth transacted its business in Clinton.

Four partners of the Chicago, Iowa and Nebraska Railroad Company and the Iowa Land Company were Philo E. Hall, David P. Kimball, James T. VanDeventer and Horace Williams, with New Englander John Bertram as principle stockholder. These men then became associated with a number of other companies, such as the Albany Railroad Bridge Company, the Iowa Falls and Sioux City Railroad Company, the Maple River Railroad Company, the Blair Lot and Land Company, the Elkhorn Land and Town Company and the Missouri Valley Land Company and several others.

In 1856, the Iowa legislature had passed an act to accept land grants from Congress. The land grants specifically apportioned land to four railroads, which would facilitate the settlement of the state. Among these was the Cedar Rapids and Missouri Railroad Company, organized in 1859, which was composed largely of stockholders in the Chicago, Iowa and Nebraska Railroad. Eventually, this railroad was reorganized under the name of the Iowa Rail Road Land Company, and the transfer of the railroad land grant to the company took place on September 15, 1869.

While the Iowa Land Company’s incorporation ended in 1875, the Iowa Rail Road Land Company continued to function into the twentieth century.

For further information on railroad development in nineteenth century Iowa, consult the “Information File” for this collection kept in the Special Collections office.

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Scope and Content of the Collection

Records relating to the business of early Iowa railroad and land companies and the founding of Clinton, Iowa. Includes correspondence, business and incorporation documents, annual reports, stock certificates, stockholder inventories, maps and plats of Clinton, Iowa, and lists of various company directors. Also a reminiscence by James T. VanDeventer regarding Horace Williams, founding partner in the Chicago, Iowa and Nebraska Railroad.

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Arrangement

Arranged by type of material.

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Selected Search Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Newberry Library's public catalog. Researchers desiring additional materials on a particular topic should search the catalog using these headings.

Names

  • Albany Rail Road Bridge Company
  • Chicago, Iowa and Nebraska Railroad
  • Hall, Philo E.
  • Iowa Land Company
  • Iowa Railroad Land Company
  • Kimball, David Pulsifer
  • VanDeventer, James Thayer
  • Williams, Henry Horace, 1858-1940

Subjects

  • Businessmen -- Iowa -- History -- 19th century -- Sources
  • Businessmen -- New England -- History -- 19th century -- Sources
  • Clinton (Iowa) -- History -- 19th century -- Sources
  • Correspondence -- 1875-1894
  • Manuscripts, American -- Illinois -- Chicago
  • Maps -- Iowa -- Clinton -- 1885-1887
  • Railroads -- Iowa -- History -- 19th century -- Sources

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Container List

Box Folder Contents
1 1 Clinton, Iowa: Land plats for Iowa Land Company, 1858;1862
1 2 Clinton, Iowa: Land transactions, 1859-1884
1 3 Clinton, Iowa: Maps, 1875;1876;1887 (See Box 2)
1 4 Clinton, Iowa: Map, 1855 (moved to Map Collection, Map 8F G4154.C5 1855 .B7)
1 5 Elkhorn Land and Town Lot Co.: Record of shares of James T. VanDeventer
1 6 Iowa Land Company: Chicago, Iowa and Nebraska Railroad Company documents, 1858-1859
1 7 Iowa Land Company: Contract for ferry "Commodore" with the Chicago, Iowa and Nebraska Railroad
1 8 Iowa Land Company: Contracts with Albany Railroad Bridge Company, 1859-1860
1 9 Iowa Land Company: Contract with A.O. Mitchell Company of Clinton, Iowa, 1859
1 10 Iowa Land Company: Correspondence, David P. Kimball to James T. VanDeventer, 1874-1894
1 11 Iowa Land Company: Correspondence, Charles Lambard to James T. VanDeventer, Aug. 1, 1859
1 12 Iowa Land Company: Inventory of Iowa Central House, Dec. 27, 1856
1 13 Iowa Land Company: Lots reserved for schools and churches in Clinton and DeWitt, Iowa, 1857-1877
1 14 Iowa Land Company: Records, incorporation, organization, documents, 1855-1877
1 15 Iowa Land Company: Stock certificates, 1855-1876
1 16 Iowa Land Company: Legal suit with Jeremiah Boyle regarding land, 1857-1878
1 17 Iowa Land Company: Reminiscence by James T. VanDeventer of Horace Williams and the Chicago, Iowa and Nebraska Railroad, 1895
1 18 Iowa Rail Road Land Company: Annual Reports, 1894;1898
1 19 Iowa Rail Road Land Company: Lists of officers and directors, 1872;1877
1 20 Iowa Rail Road Land Company: Record of shares owned by James T. VanDeventer
1 21 Iowa Rail Road Land Company: Stockholders reports and inventories, 1886-1913
1 22 Missouri Valley Land Co.: Record of shares to J.T. VanDeventer, 1891
2 Maps: Clinton, Iowa, 1875,1876,1887