TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary of the Collection

Administrative Information

Biography of Chauncey McCormick

Scope and Content of the Collection

Organization

Selected Search Terms

Container List

Series 1: Correspondence, 1887-1955

Subseries 1: General, 1906-1954

Subseries 2: Family, 1887-1955

Series 2: World War I Service, 1917-1920

Series 3: Organizations, 1939-1955

Series 4: Personal, 1905-1955

Series 5: Photographs and Mementos, ca. 1880s-1954

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Inventory of the Chauncey McCormick Papers, 1887-1955


The Newberry Library
Roger and Julie Baskes Department of Special Collections
60 West Walton Street
Chicago, Illinois 60610-7324
USA
Phone: 312-255-3506
Fax: 312-255-3646
E-Mail: specialcolls@newberry.org
URL: http://www.newberry.org

Machine-readable finding aid encoded by Lisa Janssen, 2011.

©2011.


Descriptive Summary of the Collection

Creator McCormick, Chauncey, 1884-1954
Title Chauncey McCormick Papers
Dates 1887-1955
Extent 6 linear feet (9 boxes, 1 oversize box)
Abstract Letters, clippings, photographs, and mementos of Chicago businessman and philanthropist Chauncey McCormick. He was the nephew of Cyrus McCormick, founder of the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company which became part of International Harvester Company, and was president of the Art Institute of Chicago from 1944-1954. Correspondence concerns business, civic, philanthropic, religious, and political activities. Also contains speeches and writings, including those for the Art Institute, child welfare groups, and the Republican Party. Includes extensive material relating to McCormick's World War I service in the American Expeditionary Force in France and his direction of Polish food relief under Herbert Hoover.
Language Materials are in English.
Repository Newberry Library, Roger and Julie Baskes Department of Special Collections
Collection Call Number Midwest MS McCormick
Collection Stack Location 3a 41 10

Administrative Information

Cite As

Chauncey McCormick Papers, The Newberry Library, Chicago.

Provenance

Gift, Marion McCormick, 1957.

Processed by

Lisa Janssen, 2011.

Acknowledgements

This inventory was created with the generous support of the National Endowment for the Humanities. Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this inventory do not necessarily represent those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Access

The Chauncey McCormick Papers are open for research in the Special Collections Reading Room; 1 box at a time (Priority III).

Ownership and Literary Rights

The Chauncey McCormick Papers are the physical property of the Newberry Library. Copyright may belong to the authors or their legal heirs or assigns. For permission to publish or reproduce any materials from this collection, contact the Roger and Julie Baskes Department of Special Collections.

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Biography of Chauncey McCormick

Chicago businessman and philanthropist.

Chauncey McCormick was born in 1884 to William G. and Eleanor Brooks McCormick. He was the newphew of Cyrus McCormick, a founder of the McCormick Reaper company. In 1914 Chauncey McCormick married Marion Deering, whose family owned a rival business which had merged with McCormick Reaper in 1902 to form the International Harvester Company. A close family, Chauncey and Marion raised their three sons C. Deering, Brooks, and Roger between their homes in Chicago and Wheaton, Illinois, and Seal Harbor, Maine. Starting in 1926, McCormick was a director of International Harvester. He was also president of the Miami Corporation investment firm.

McCormick attended Groton School and graduated from Yale in 1907. Married in Paris in 1914, he joined the American Expeditionary Force in France during World War I, where he worked to supply medical attention and food to French refugee children. In 1918, he was sent to Poland by Herbert Hoover to organize food relief. He became a life-long advocate of the Polish people, working again for Polish relief during World War II. He received recognition for his wartime service from both the French and Polish governments.

McCormick’s post-war life was devoted mostly to philanthropic organizations, particularly the Art Institute of Chicago, where he was vice-president from 1932-1944 and president from 1944 until his death. He organized such major projects as the 1933 Century of Progress art exhibit and the1946 Masterpieces of English Painting exhibit. When the Institute faced its first financial emergency, he headed a fundraising campaign that successfully raised over a million dollars. McCormick was also active in child welfare groups like the Illinois Children’s Home and Aid society from 1943-1952, and in the mid-1940s campaigned to reform adoption laws. His other non-profit involvement included work for the American Foundation for the Blind, the Alexander Hamilton Memorial, and the McCormick Theological Seminary.

While he never ran for public office, McCormick was an active member of the Republican Party, a delegate to the 1936 Republican convention, and highly critical of New Deal initiatives. He remained close friends with Herbert Hoover, and continuously supported the former president’s projects and political career. A devout Christian, McCormick was a life-long member and elder of the Presbyterian Church. He died of a heart attack in Seal Harbor, Maine, in 1954.

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Scope and Content of the Collection

Letters, clippings, photographs, and mementos of Chicago businessman and philanthropist Chauncey McCormick.

McCormick was a major figure in Chicago society and business, and of some prominence nationally for his public work, and most of the correspondence pertains to such matters during the 1940s and 1950s. Letters include politically oriented correspondence to Senator Charles Baker, Mayor Martin H. Kennelly, Governor Adlai Stevenson, Dr. James Brown IV, and the chief of the United States Children’s Bureau, Katharine Lenroot. Also personal letters with longtime friends like his cousin and Chicago Tribune editor Robert McCormick, Herbert Hoover, and Philip L. Goodwin, as well as early letters between Chauncey and members of both the McCormick and Deering families. Some World War I correspondence is written in French to Général Louis de Maud’huy, and members of the Mirman, de Guigné, and de Polignac families, among others. Condolences sent to McCormick’s family upon his death account for a significant amount of correspondence. The collection also includes photographs McCormick took during World War I, portraits, the homes in Wheaton, Illinois and Seal Harbor, Maine, and publicity stills from events like Art Institute programs. Other material includes speeches and publications for his philanthropic groups, World War I memorabilia like maps and postcards, awards and certificates, biographical newspaper clippings about him or his work, and a cartoon by John McCutcheon.

Narrative descriptions of the subject matter, types of material, and arrangement of each series are available through the Organization section of the finding aid.

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Organization

Papers are organized in the following series:

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Selected Search Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Newberry Library's public catalog. Researchers desiring additional materials on a particular topic should search the catalog using these headings.

Names

  • American Relief Administration
  • American Field Service
  • American Red Cross in France
  • Art Institute of Chicago
  • Goodwin, Philip Lippincott, 1885-1958
  • Hoover, Herbert, 1874-1964
  • Illinois Children’s Home and Aid Society
  • Kennelly, Martin H., 1887-1961
  • Lenroot, Katharine F. (Katharine Fredrica), 1891-1982
  • McCormick Theological Seminary
  • McCormick, Chauncey, 1884-1954
  • Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- )
  • United States. Army. American Expeditionary Forces

Subjects

  • Businessmen -- Illinois -- Chicago
  • Correspondence -- 1851-1900
  • Correspondence -- 1901-1950
  • Correspondence -- 1951-2000
  • France -- History -- 20th century
  • Manuscripts, American -- Illinois -- Chicago
  • Medals -- 1901-1950
  • Philanthropists -- Illinois -- Chicago
  • Photographs -- 1901-1950
  • Photographs -- 1951-2000
  • Photographs -- 1851-1900
  • Poland -- History -- German occupation, 1914-1918
  • Public welfare -- Illinois
  • Reconstruction (1914-1939) -- Poland
  • Socialites -- Illinois -- Chicago
  • World War, 1914-1918 -- Civilian relief -- France
  • World War, 1914-1918 -- Civilian relief -- Poland
  • World War, 1939-1945 -- Civilian relief -- Poland

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Container List

Series 1: Correspondence, 1887-1955

Correspondence includes letters, postcards, and telegrams. Most letters are from the1940s-1950s and pertain to social or business/philanthropic matters. Letters include politically oriented correspondence to Senator Charles Baker, Mayor Martin H. Kennelly, Governor Adlai Stevenson, Dr. James Brown IV, and the chief of the United States Children’s Bureau, Katharine Lenroot. Also personal letters with longtime friends like his cousin and Chicago Tribune editor Robert McCormick, Herbert Hoover, and Philip L. Goodwin, as well as early letters between Chauncey and members of both the McCormick and Deering families. Also includes a small amount of family correspondence, letters from children and other family members, and also condolence letters written to Marion Deering McCormick after Chauncey McCormick's death.
Organized in the following subseries: General Correspondence, 1906-1954; and Family Correspondence, 1887-1955.
 

Sub-Series 1: General, 1906-1954


Box Folder Contents
1 1 Adair, Henry P., 1950
1 2 Addams, Jane, May 18, 1906
1 3 Allerton, Robert, 1951-1952
1 4 American Foundation for the Blind, Inc., 1951-1952
1 5 Anderwald, Frank P. (Australian Consulate General), 1952
1 6 Armsby, Raymond, 1951
1 7 Armour, Laurence, 1951
1 8 Avery, Sewell, 1944, 1952
1 9 A - miscellaneous, 1933-1952
1 10 Bender, Rev. Lewis E., 1951-1952
1 11 Blaine, Anita (Mrs. Emmons), n.d.
1 12 Boutet de Monvel, Bernard, 1947, n.d.
1 13 Bradey, Herbert and Mary, 1941-1952, n.d.
1 14 Bridges, Horace J. / Chicago Ethical Society, 1942
1 15 Brown, James IV, 1944-1955
1 16 Brown, Margaret, 1952
1 17 B - miscellaneous, 1929-1952
1 18 Carpenter, Ellen (Mrs. John Aldin), 1941-1952
1 19 Carry, Edward F., 1918-1919
1 20 Chicago Crime Commission, 1951
1 21 Chicago Golf Club, 1951-1952
1 22 Chicago Lighthouse for the Blind, 1951-1952
1 23 Chicago Tribune, 1920-1951
1 24 Clark, Harold T., 1950-1951
1 25 Commerical Club of Chicago, 1950-1952
1 26 Commission for Handicapped Children, 1948-1954
1 27 Community Fund of Chicago, Inc., 1951-1952
1 28 Coston, Margaret, 1951
1 29 Council of Social Agencies of Chicago, 1945
1 30 Couty, Worth C. / Chicago Herald American, 1951
1 31 Crawford, Dave A., 1951
1 32 Cross, Emily, 1951-1952
1 33 C - miscellaneous, 1932-1952
1 34 Danielson, Richard E., 1952
1 35 Devries, Herman, 1917
1 36 Dodge, Mr. and Mrs. P. Lyndon, 1952
1 37 Dorman, Henry O., 1951, n.d.
1 38 D - miscellaneous, 1921-1954
1 39 Ely, Gertrude, 1951
1 40 Executives Club of Chicago, 1951-1952
1 41 E - miscellaneous, 1951-1952, n.d.
1 42 Fifth Army, 1951-1952
1 43 Fleck, J. Gordon, 1950-1952
1 44 F - miscellaneous, 1909-1952
1 45 Garrett, Robert, 1952
1 46 Gebauer, Paul, 1952, n.d.
1 47 Glaysher, S. Gordon, 1951
1 48 Goodwin, Philip L., 1909-1952
1 49 Gordon, Charles Ulysses, 1951
1 50 Green, Hugh, 1944-1952
1 51 Gregg, John, 1952
1 52 Guggenheim Foundation, 1950-1951
1 53 G - miscellaneous, 1917-1952
1 54 Hadley, Arthur, 1905-1906
1 55 Hafner, John C. and Kay, 1951-1952
1 56 Harrison, Nancy, 1951-1952
1 57 Harry Winston, Inc., 1951-1954
1 58 Hartigan, John D., 1952
1 59 Hearst, William Randolph (outgoing), 1945-1952
1 60 Hecht, Frank A., 1947-1952
1 61 Hoffman, William W., 1952
1 62 Hooker, John P., 1947-1952
1 63 Hooker, Mildred, 1952
1 64 Hooker, Herbert, 1941-1952
1 65 Houliston, John R., 1952
1 66 Howells, Abby White, 1952
1 67 H - miscellaneous, 1948-1954
2 68 International Harverster Company, 1950-1951
2 69 Inverchapel (Archibald Clark Kerr), n.d.
2 70 Irwin, Robert B., 1943-1951
2 71 I - miscellaneous, 1917-1951
2 72 Johnston, Joseph F., 1911
2 73 J - miscellaneous, 1921-1952
2 74 Kappa Sigma Fraternity, 1951
2 75 Kemper, James S., 1951-1952
2 76 Kennelly, Martin H., 1950-1951
2 77 Kimpton, Lawrence A. (U of C), 1950-1952
2 78 Knight, John S., 1951
2 79 K - miscellaneous, 1943-1954
2 80 La Salle Street Women, 1951
2 81 Lenroot, Katharine, 1949-1951
2 82 Lewis, James Hamilton, 1917
2 83 Levy, David M., 1949-1950
2 84 Lowry, Howard / College of Wooster, 1951
2 85 L - miscellaneous, 1944-1952, n.d.
2 86 McCaffrey, John L. / International Harvester, 1951
2 87 McClafferty, John J., 1952
2 88 Merle-Smith, Kate, 1951-1954
2 89 Metheun, Paul, 1949-1952
2 90 M - miscellaneous, 1909-1954
2 91 National Institute of Social Services, 1951
2 92 National Society for the Prevention of Blindness, 1951-1952
2 93 Nazimova, Alla, 1907
2 94 Nothern Trust Company, 1951
2 95 N - miscellaneous, 1917-1951, n.d.
2 96 O'Brien, Bishop William D., 1951
2 97 O'Neill-Daunt, Dorothea, 1952
2 98 O - miscellaneous, 1945, 1951
2 99 Paden, Jospeh, 1917
2 100 Payson, Charles H., 1927
2 101 Phelps, Lyon, 1906-1923
2 102 Pitowski, H____?, 1919, 1921
2 103 P - miscellaneous, 1907-1952
2 104 Rickard, Edgar, 1941
2 105 Rothschild, Hudla B., n.d.
2 106 R - miscellaneous, 1906-1954
2 107 Saphieha, Prince Paul, 1951
2 108 Searson, Rush, 1951
2 109 Sloane, Malcolm, n.d.
2 110 Smith, Robert M., 1951-1954
2 111 Society of the Cincinnati, 1951-1952
2 112 Spencer, Colonel William M., 1948-1954
2 113 Spilhaus, Gerry F., 1951-1954
2 114 Stevenson, Adlai (outgoing only), 1949-1952
2 115 Stewart, Rev. Robert B., 1949-1951
2 116 Stoddard, Geroge D. (U of I), 1950-1951
2 117 Stone, John Timothy, 1908-1954
2 118 Stone, Melville E., 1909-1917
2 119 Stritch, Archbishop Samuel Cardinal, 1951-1952
2 120 Stratford, Herb, 1951
2 121 Stuart, John, 1952
2 122 Sturgis, Henry S., 1951-1954
2 123 Swift, Harold H., 1951-1954
2 124 S - miscellaneous, 1908-1954
2 125 Taft, Robert A., 1951
2 126 Turner, Huntington M., 1954
2 127 T - miscellaneous, 1941-1954
2 128 Van Cleef, Felix, 1952
2 129 U-V - miscellaneous, 1950-1952
2 130 Welfare Council of Metropolitan Chicago, 1951-1954
2 131 Who's Who in America, 1951-1954
2 132 Wood, E. F. L. (Earl of Halifax), 1945
2 133 Wood, Mrs. J. B., 1954
2 134 Wood, Robert E., 1951-1952
2 135 Woods, Helen, 1952
2 136 Woolsey, Heathcote M., 1952
2 137 W - miscellaneous, 1916-1954
2 138 Y-Z - miscellaneous, 1952, 1954
 

Sub-Series 2: Family, 1887-1955


Box Folder Contents
3 139 Deering, Charles, 1913-1925
3 140 Deering, James, 1910-1918
3 141 de Gaiffier d'Hestroy, Pierre and Lucy, 1950-1952
3 142 Hollingsworth family, 1948-1952
3 143 McCormick, Chauncey to and from children, 1951-1952
3 144 McCormick, Chauncey and Nettie, 1906-1935
3 145 McCormick, Marion Deering - to and from Chauncey McCormick, 1912-1914
3 146 McCormick, Marion Deering - incoming miscellaneous, 1919, 1955
3 147 McCormick, Robert, 1909-1952
3 148 McCormick, William G. and Eleanor, 1908-1917
3 149 McCormick-Goodhart, Leander, 1940-1954
3 150 Slade, Caroline McCormick, 1946-1949
3 151 Stone, Herbert Stuart, 1954, n.d.
3 152 Miscellaneous family, 1887-1906, n.d.
3 153-165 Condolence letters re: death of Chauncey McCormick - A-L, 1954-1955
4 166-176 Condolence letters re: death of Chauncey McCormick - M-Z 1954-1955
4 177-180 Condolence telegrams - re: death of Chauncey McCormick - A-Z, 1954
4 181 Condolences - re: death of Chauncey McCormick - records of those received, 1954
4 182 Memorial resolutions and donations, 1954

Series 2: World War I Service, 1917-1920

Correspondence with fellow military officers and French government officials pertaining to McCormick's work with the American Expeditionary Forces, American Field Service, the American Red Cross, and the American Relief Administration during World War I. Also includes newspaper clippings, battlefield maps, postcards, calling cards, and military orders, and material about fundraising and awareness campaigns for the American Ambulance Field Service. There is also a folder of journal type writing which appears to be preliminary material for a report on the food relief situation in Poland for which McCormick was sent to investgate by Herbert Hoover.
Arranged alphabetically.

Box Folder Contents
5 183-185 American Expeditionary Forces - correspondence, 1917-1920
5 186 American Expeditionary Forces - general orders and guidelines, 1917-1918
5 187 American Expeditionary Forces - personal reports, 1917-1918
5 188 American Field Service - correspondence, 1917-1919
5 189 American Field Service - publications, reports (see also oversize), 1917-1918
5 190 American Red Cross - correspondence, 1917
5 191 American Relief Admnistration - journal/notes from Polish relief mission, 1918-1919
5 192 American Relief Administration - Polish relief mission - orders, correspondence, 1918-1919
5 193 Awards and certificates (see also oversize), 1917-1920
5 194 Calling cards, ca. 1917-1919
5 195 French Commission visit to Chicago - programs, speeches by René Viviani, 1917
5 196 French correspondence - de'Guigné, Robert, 1917-1918
5 197 French correspondence - d'Estampes, Charles, 1918
5 198 French correspondence - de Polignac, Jean, 1917-1918
5 199 French correspondence - Desclaud, Germain and Jacqueline 1918-1919
5 200 French correspondence - Ministrére de la Guerre, 1917-1920
5 201 French correspondence - Mud'huy, General Louis Ernest, 1918-1919
5 202 French correspondence - Préfecture de Meurth-et-Moselle (Leon Mirman?), 1917-1918
5 203 French correspondence - miscellaneous, 1917-1919
5 204 French correspondence - various government offices, 1918-1919
5 205 Miscellaneous writings on World War I (not by CBM), 1917, n.d.
5 206 ID cards, ration card, 1919, n.d.
5 207 Maps of France, 1917-1918
5 208 Newspaper clippings - French and American papers, 1914-1919
5 209 Souvenir postcards, ca. 1920
5 210 Special passport for travel to Poland, 1918
5 211 Transcribed letters to Marion McCormick describing war work, 1917-1918

Series 3: Organizations, 1939-1955

Correspondence, minutes, publications, speeches, and other materials pertaining to the several organizations McCormick was involved with after his retirement from International Harvester. McCormick was active with many philanthropic and arts organizations including the Art Institute, Illinois Children's Home and Aid Society, Chicago Foundlings Home, and others.
Arranged alphabetically.

Box Folder Contents
6 212 Alexander Hamilton Memorial, 1952
6 213 Art Institute - correspondence - Rich, Daniel Cotton, 1946-1952
6 214 Art Institute - correspondence - miscellaneous, 1952-1954
6 215 Art Institute - Emergency Fund Campaign, 1951-1952
6 216 Art Institute - internal communications, publications, 1939-1952
6 217 Chicago Foundlings Home, 1951
6 218 Child Welfare Commission of Illinois, 1945-1949
6 219 Illinois Children's Home and Aid Society - correspondence, 1945-1954
6 220 Illinois Children's Home and Aid Society - minutes, reports, 1949-1952
6 221 Illinois Children's Home and Aid Society - publications, 1930-1952
6 222 Illinois Children's Home and Aid Society - speeches, 1943-1952, n.d.
6 223 Illinois Society for the Prevention of Blindness, 1951-1952
6 224 McCormick Theological Seminary, 1946, 1951, n.d.
6 225 Steering Committee on Adoption Revision and related, 1944-1945
6 226 Stonewall Jackson Memorial, 1954-1955

Series 4: Personal, 1905-1955

Personal material includes records, publications, and McCormick's own speeches and writings, biographical newspaper clippings, and materials from the Republican Party and the Presbyterian Church. Miscellaneous personal material includes items from Yale such as theater programs and instructions from his Alpha Delta Phi fraternity, as well as sheet music, poetry by McCormick, and cards of membership to various clubs. Also included is a signed ink drawing by John McCutcheon.
Arranged alphabetically.

Box Folder Contents
7 227 Awards and certificates (See oversize), 1933-1949
7 228 Catholic Church, 1952, n.d.
7 229 Clubs, 1951-1952
7 230 Event programs, invitations, 1946-1952
7 231 Family history, 1913-1957, n.d.
7 232 First Presbyterian Church, 1943-1953
7 233 IDs, memberships, 1936-1954
7 234 McCutcheon, John T. - original ink drawing of cartoon singed to McCormick (see oversize), 1920
7 235 Miscellaneous mementos, 1918-1939, n.d.
7 236-239 Newspaper clippings, 1906-1954
7 240 Notes, n.d.
7 241 Obituaries, memorials, 1954
7 242 Obituaries - newspapers, magazines, 1954-1955
7 243 Poems, 1952, n.d.
7 244 Poltical writings, 1935, n.d.
7 245 Politics - general, 1941-1952
8 246 Programs, sheet music, 1880-1952
8 247 Religion - miscellaneous, ca. 1920s-1951
8 248 Song written by CBM - "Rely on Eli" - sheet music and copyright, 1905
8 249 South Africa trip, 1951
8 250 Speeches on art, ca. 1950s
8 251 Speeches on Polish relief, 1941-1944
8 252 Speeches on politics, 1936, n.d.
8 253 Speeches on various topics, 1937-1954, n.d.
8 254 Yale, 1905-1907

Series 5: Photographs and Mementos, ca. 1880s-1954

Includes photographs McCormick took during World War I; portraits of McCormick and other family members, friends, vacation photographs, and photographs of McCormick at various events including Art Institute openings.
Photographs arranged alphabetically with family members first, followed by friends, places, and travel. Mementos are at the end of the series.

Box Folder Contents
8 255 McCormick, Chauncey - portraits - childhood, ca. 1180s-1890s
8 256 McCormick, Chauncey - portraits - adult, ca. 1910s-1950s
8 257 McCormick, Chauncey - during World War I, 1917-1919
8 258 McCormick, Chauncey - snapshots, ca. 1930s-1950s
8 259 McCormick, Chauncey with Marion Deering McCormick and family, 1939-ca. 1950s
8 260 McCormick, Chauncey with William McCormick, ca. 1930s
8 261 McCormick, Chauncey with Alfred M. Landon (see oversize), ca. 1947
8 262 McCormick, Chauncey with President Truman and Eleanor Roosevelt at the Conference on Children and Youth, 1950
8 263 McCormick, Chauncey - events at the Art Institute and others, ca. 1950s
8 264 McCormick, Marion Deering, ca. 1880s-1940s
8 265 Slade, Caroline McCormick, ca. 1910s-1940s
8 266 Miscellaneous family, 1887-ca. 1930s
8 267 Friends - de Maud’huy, Général Louis 1920
8 268 Friends - Mrs. Harold Howard and Mrs. Bertram Winston on Lake Shore Drive, 1914
8 269 Friends - Princess Juliana of Holland, 1942
8 270 Friends - World War I, 1918-1920
8 271 Alexander Hamilton Memorial dedication, 1952
8 272 Travel - Grande Ronde, 1925
9 American Ambulance Service cigarette boxes (empty), ca. 1920
9 Flag pole finial commemorating American service in France, ca. 1920
9 Medal (replica) commemorating the sinking of the Lusitania, n.d.
9 Officers buttons from World War I uniform, 1917-1919
9 Box of souvenir political buttons and ribbons, ca. 1920s-1950s