TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary of the Collection

Administrative Information

Biography of D'Arcy McNickle

Scope and Content of the Collection

Organization

Selected Search Terms

Container List

Series 1: D'Arcy McNickle's Writings, c. 1920-1973

Series 2: D'Arcy McNickle's Diaries, 1931-1970

Series 3: Book Reviews 1936-1975

Series 4: Correspondence 1924-1977

Series 5: American Indian Development, Incorporated (AID) Materials, 1952-1966

Series 6: Sol Tax Correspondence, 1957-1975

Series 7: Omer C. Stewart Additions, 1954-1986

Series 8: University of Saskatchewan Materials, 1966-1971

Series 9: Center for the History of the American Indian Materials, 1971-1977

Series 10: Canadian Indian Materials, 1971-1973

Series 11: Television and Radio Materials, 1941-1975

Series 12: Personal Items 1913-1977

Series 13: Miscellaneous

Series 14: Photographs, 1952-1977

frames on | print view

Inventory of the D'Arcy McNickle Papers, 1913-1986,bulk 1924-1977


The Newberry Library
Roger and Julie Baskes Department of Special Collections
60 West Walton Street
Chicago, Illinois 60610-7324
USA
Phone: 312-255-3506
Fax: 312-255-3646
E-Mail: specialcolls@newberry.org
URL: http://www.newberry.org

Machine-readable finding aid encoded by Lisa Janssen, 2003.

2003


Descriptive Summary of the Collection

Creator McNickle, D'Arcy
Title D'Arcy McNickle
Dates 1913-1986,
Dates bulk 1924-1977
Extent 15.5 linear feet (34 Boxes, 1 oversize box)
Abstract Literary and scholarly manuscripts, diaries, correspondence, and other materials of D'Arcy McNickle, American Indian author, government employee, community organizer, anthropologist, and historian. Records cover McNickle's work with the Bureau of Indian Affairs, American Indian Development, Inc., the University of Saskatchewan, and the Center for the History of the American Indian at the Newberry Library.
Language Materials are in English.
Repository Newberry Library, Roger and Julie Baskes Department of Special Collections
Collection Call Number Ayer Modern MS McNickle
Collection Stack Location 3 60 1-2

Administrative Information

Cite As

D'Arcy McNickle Papers, The Newberry Library, Chicago.

Provenance

Gift of the estate of D'Arcy McNickle, 1983; Omer C. Stewart additions gift of Omer Stewart, 1986; and other additions noted in the accession file.

Processed by

Rebecca S. Graff, 2001

Access

The D'Arcy McNickle Papers are open for research; they are available one box at a time in the Special Collections reading room (Priority III).

Ownership and Literary Rights

Ownership and Literary Rights: The D'Arcy McNickle Papers are the physical property of the Newberry Library. Literary rights, including copyright, may belong to the authors or their legal heirs or assigns.

Return to the Table of Contents


Biography of D'Arcy McNickle

Born on January 18, 1904 in St. Ignatius, Montana on the Flathead Indian Reservation, William D'Arcy McNickle was a novelist, author, employee of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, director of American Indian Development, Inc., community organizer, activist, professor of anthropology, historian, and program director of the Newberry Library Center for the History of the American Indian.

Born to a French Cree (Métis) mother, Philomene Parenteau, and an Irish father, William James McNickle, McNickle was the youngest child, and had two older sisters, Ruth Elizabeth and Florence Lea. McNickle's mother applied for membership into the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes (known as the Flathead) and she and her children were adopted and received a land allotment under the 1887 Dawes Act. His parents divorced in 1914 and for a time McNickle went by the name of his stepfather, Dahlberg.

McNickle attended mission and government schools for Indian children in Montana and in Oregon, and attended the University of Montana from 1921-1925. In 1925 McNickle sold his land allotment and left for Europe, attending Oxford University (1925-1926) and the University of Grenoble (1931). He eventually went to work in New York and also was briefly at Columbia University in 1933. Although he never finished a degree, McNickle received an honorary Sc.D from the University of Colorado in 1966.

Eventually McNickle went to Washington, D.C. to work for the Bureau of Indian Affairs under John Collier. He worked under this "Indian New Deal" from 1936 to 1952 as an administrative assistant, a field representative for the commissioner, an assistant to the commissioner, and eventually the director of tribal relations. In 1952 he took up the directorship of the newly established American Indian Development, Incorporated, which was run out of the University of Colorado, Boulder. McNickle arranged workshops for Indian students who would arrive from across the country. Eventually the focus of the organization turned to the Navajo community of Crownpoint, New Mexico. In 1966 McNickle was invited to a professorship at the newly established University of Saskatchewan, Regina campus where he was to head and create an anthropology department. After officially retiring to Albuquerque, New Mexico in 1971, McNickle went to Chicago in 1972 to help create the Newberry Library's Center for the History of the American Indian. In 1984, the center was named after him in honor of his life and his work, making it one of two organizations named after McNickle (the second is library at the Salish-Kootenai Community College on the Flathead Reservation).

McNickle is the author of three novels: The Surrounded (1936), Runner in the Sun: A Story of Indian Maize (1954), and Wind From an Enemy Sky (1978). His non-fiction work includes They Came Here First: The Epic of the American Indian (1949), Indians and Other Americans (1959 and 1970, with Howard E. Fey), Indian Tribes of the United States: Ethnic and Cultural Survival (1962, revised in 1973 as Native American Tribalism), and Indian Man: A Life of Oliver La Farge (1971). McNickle also wrote many articles including the entry for "Indians, North America" in the 1951 Encyclopedia Britannica and books reviews for American Anthropologist. He wrote short stories and poetry too, and was published in many popular magazines including Esquire, Common Ground, the Chicago Tribune Magazine supplement, and Frontier and Midland. These stories as well as unpublished ones are included in The Hawk is Hungry and Other Stories, edited by Birgit Hans (1992).

In addition to his paid positions and his writing, McNickle worked for several other organizations. He chaired the steering committee of the 1961 American Indian Chicago Conference and was the primary author of the conference's "Declaration of Indian Purpose." He was a founding member of the National Congress of America Indians, a fellow of the American Anthropological Association, and a member of the executive committee of the Society for American Archaeology (1972-1973).

Like his mother, McNickle was married three times: first, to Joran Jacobine Birkeland from 1926-1938, second to Roma Kaye Haufman from 1939-1967, and finally to his AID co-worker, sociologist Viola Gertrude Pfrommer, from 1969-1977. McNickle had two daughters, Antoinette Marie Parenteau McNickle (with Joran) and Kathleen D'Arcy McNickle (with Roma). He died suddenly of a heart attack in October 1977.

Return to the Table of Contents


Scope and Content of the Collection

This collection consists of a wide variety of materials, with the largest number representing McNickle's writings and his papers from American Indian Development. Other materials include his diaries, newspaper clippings including book reviews, correspondence, McNickle's notes from teaching at the University of Saskatchewan, materials from the Center for the History of the American Indian at the Newberry Library, television and radio materials, photographs, and assorted personal papers of D'Arcy McNickle, with the bulk of the collection dating from about 1953-1977. There are also copies of anthropologist Sol Tax's papers, miscellaneous additions from anthropologist Omer C. Stewart, and some assorted papers concerning Canadian Indian organizations. The papers cover his life from his college years, his time at the Bureau of Indian Affairs, his career at American Indian Development, his tenure at the University of Saskatchewan, and his final appointment at the Center for the History of the American Indian.

Narrative descriptions of the subject matter, types of material, and arrangement of each series are available through the Organization section of the finding aid.

Return to the Table of Contents


Organization

The papers are organized in the following series:

Return to the Table of Contents


Selected Search Terms

Names

  • American Indian Development, Inc.
  • Brando, Marlon
  • Collier, John, 1884-1968
  • D'Arcy McNickle Center for the History of the American Indian
  • Fey, Howard E.
  • LaFarge, Oliver, 1901-1963
  • McNickle, William
  • McNickle, D'Arcy, 1904-1977
  • Parenteau, Philomene
  • Pfrommer, Viola Gertrude
  • Stewart, Omer Call, 1908-
  • Tax, Sol, 1907-
  • United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs -- Officials and employees
  • University of Saskatchewan
  • University of Colorado (Boulder campus)

Subjects

  • Anthropologists -- United States -- History -- 20th century -- Sources
  • Correspondence -- United States -- 1901-1950
  • Correspondence -- United States -- 1951-2000
  • Crownpoint (N.M.) -- History -- 20th century -- Sources
  • Diaries -- United States -- 1901-1950
  • Diaries -- United States -- 1951-2000
  • Indian authors -- 20th century -- Sources
  • Indians of North America -- Education -- History -- 20th century -- Sources
  • Manuscripts, American
  • Navajo Indians -- Education -- History -- 20th century -- Sources
  • Photographs -- 1951-2000
  • Salish Indians

Return to the Table of Contents


Container List

Series 1: D'Arcy McNickle's Writings, c. 1920-1973

Contains manuscripts of novels, manuscripts of non-fiction books, articles, book reviews by McNickle, and poetry. The book materials frequently include drafts, notes and other research materials, and final published copies. Unless noted differently, the titles listed are of book-length manuscripts.
The items are arranged alphabetically within the type of material: books, articles, book reviews, short stories, poems, and fragments.

Box Folder
1 1 "Dinetxa: A Community Experience" draft - book manuscript written with Viola Pfrommer
1 2 "Dinetxa: A Community Experience" draft - book manuscript written with Viola Pfrommer
1 3-4 "Dinetxa: A Community Experience" draft - book manuscript written with Viola Pfrommer
2 5 Indian Man: A Life of Oliver LaFarge - early draft
2 6 Indian Man: A Life of Oliver LaFarge - chapters 1-12
2 7 Indian Man: A Life of Oliver LaFarge - chapters 13-20
2 8 " Indian Man: A Life of Oliver LaFarge" - copies of LaFarge's correspondence
2 9 Indian Man: A Life of Oliver LaFarge - LaFarge's correspondence
2 10 Indian Man: A Life of Oliver LaFarge - notes
3 11 Indian Man: A Life of Oliver LaFarge - notes
3 12 Indian Man: A Life of Oliver LaFarge - notes and miscellaneous related materials
3 13 Indian Man: A Life of Oliver LaFarge - papers of the Association on American Indian Affairs, Inc. papers
3 14 Indian Man: A Life of Oliver LaFarge - notebook #1
3 15 Indian Man: A Life of Oliver LaFarge - notebook #2
3 16 Indian Man: A Life of Oliver LaFarge - notebook #3
3 17 Indian Man: A Life of Oliver LaFarge - McNickle's journal containing entries related to the book
3 18 Indian Man: A Life of Oliver LaFarge - notebook with clippings
4 19-20 Indians and Other Americans - writings by coauthor Howard E. Fey with corrections by McNickle
4 21 Indians and Other Americans - revised copy
4 22 The Indian Tribes of the United States - draft
4 23 The Indian Tribes of the United States: Ethnic and Cultural Survivals - published copy
4 24 Native American Tribalism: Indian Survivals and Renewals - published copy
4 25 North American Tribalism: Survivals and Renewals - draft
4 26 North American Tribalism: Survivals and Renewals - draft
5 27 Runner in the Sun - early draft, titled The Boy Who Stole the Sun
5 28 Runner in the Sun - first draft
5 29 Runner in the Sun - notes
6 30-31 The Surrounded - manuscript
6 32 They Came Here First - draft
6 33 They Came Here First - notes and corrections
6 34 They Came Here First - published copy
7 35-36 Wind From an Enemy Sky - draft and outline
7 37 Wind From an Enemy Sky - draft
7 38 Wind From an Enemy Sky - first draft
7 39-40 Wind From an Enemy Sky - draft
7 41 Wind From an Enemy Sky - draft
7 42 Wind From an Enemy Sky - draft
8 43 Wind From an Enemy Sky - fragments
8 44-45 Wind From an Enemy Sky - early draft, titled How Anger Died
8 46-48 Wind From an Enemy Sky - final draft
8 49 Wind From an Enemy Sky - galley
8 50 Wind From an Enemy Sky - published copy
9 51 "The American Indian Today" - speech published as an article in The Missouri Archaeologist 5(2), 1939
9 52 "American Indians That Never Were" - article
9 53 "American Indians That Never Were"- in New University Thought volume 7(3), 1971
9 54-57 Captives Within a Free Society: Federal Policy and the American Indian - manuscript, historical review for The American Indian Policy Review Committee
9 58 "Commentary" - article in Indian-White Relations: A Persistent Paradox
9 59 "The Evidence of Their Lives" - article in The Nation July 22, 1968
9 60 "Four Years of Indian Reorganization" - article in Indians at Work, July 1938, No. 11.
9 61 "The Goals of the Group" - article in The Nation, September 27, 1965
9 62 "The Golden Myth" - article in Common Ground, Summer 1949
9 63 "Habla un piel roja" - article in América Indígena, April 1954
10 64 "The Healing Vision" - article in Tomorrow, 4(3), 1956
10 65 "The Indian in American Society" - published speech
10 66 "Indian Crisis, U.S.A." - article in Colby Junior College Bulletin, 14(5), 1954
10 67 "Indian and European: Indian-White Relations From Discovery to 1887" - article in The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 1957
10 68 "Indian Expectations"- article in Indian Truth, 38(1), 1961
10 69 "Indian, North America" - Encyclopedia Britannica article, 1951
10 70 "The Indians of the United States" - article in América Indígena, 18(2), 1958
10 71 "In Search of the White Man's Guidance" - article in The Nation, April 25, 1966
10 72 "It's Almost Never Too Late" - article in The Christian Century, February 20, 1957
10 73 "John Collier's Vision" - article in The Nation, June 3, 1968
10 74 "Looking Backward" - article in The Nation, December 23, 1968
10 75 Miscellaneous articles
10 76 "Peyote and the Indian" - article in Scientific Monthly, 57(3), 1943
10 77 "Private Intervention" - article in Human Reorganization, 20(4), Winter 1961-2
10 78 "Process or Compulsion: The Search for a Policy of Administration in Indian Affairs"
10 79 "A Record of the Vanished West" - article in The Nation, December 25, 1967
10 80 "Rich Ceremonial Life of American Indians Brought to Us Through Music of Tribes - article, 1938
10 81 "Saskatchewan" notes, outline, and manuscript - article
10 82 "The Sociocultural Setting of Indian Life" - article in American Journal of Psychiatry 125(2), 1968
10 83 "They Cast Long Shadows," part 1 and 2 - article in The American Way, November and December 1971
10 84 "Two Ways to Grow Up" - article in The Nation, March 28, 1966
10 85 "U.S. Indian Affairs-1953" - article in América Indígena, 13(4) article in América Indígena 17(3), 1957
10 86 "We Are On Our Way" - article in Highroad, May 1945
10 87 "We Go On From Here" - article in Common Ground, Autumn 1943
11 88 "Review of 'American Indian Policy in the Formative Years' by F. P. Prucha" - book review reprints
11 89 "Brandon: The Last Americans" - book review in The Nation, December 7, 1974
11 90 "Review of 'Education and the American Indian: The Road to Self-Determination, 1928-1970' by Margaret Szasz" - Book review
11 91 Review "Ortiz and the Tewa World" - article in The Nation April 27, 1970
11 92 "Review of 'South of the Sunset' by Claire Warner Churchill" -book review in the New York Herald Tribune Books, Sunday, July 19, 1936.
11 93 "Afternoon on a Rock" - article in Common Ground, Spring 1945
11 94 "Debt of Gratitude" - draft - short story
11 95 "The Hawk is Hungry" - manuscript - short story
11 96 "The Hawk is Hungry" - draft - short story
11 97 "The Hawk is Hungry" - draft - short story
11 98 "The Hawk is Hungry" - final draft - short story
11 99 "The Hawk is Hungry" - fragments - short story
11 100 "If I Were Commissioner"/ "En roulant ma boule, roulant" - fragments - short story
11 101 "In the Alien Corn" - draft - short story
11 102 "Let the War Be Fought" - draft - short story
11 103 "Manhattan Wedlock" - draft - short story
11 104 "Man's Work" - two drafts and research notes - short story
11 105 "Meat for God" - draft with photocopy - short story
11 106 "Meat for God" - short story in Esquire, September 1935
12 107 "Newcomers" - draft and photocopies - short story
12 108 "Six Beautiful in Paris" - draft with photocopy - short story
12 109 "Snowfall" - draft - short story
12 110 "Snowfall" - draft - short story
12 111 "Snowfall" - draft - short story
12 112 "Snowfall" manuscript - short story
12 113 "Snowfall" - short story in Common Ground, Summer 1944
12 114 untitled - short story
12 115 untitled - short story
12 116 "The Wedding Night" and photocopy - short story
12 117 miscellaneous poems
12 118 "Song of Malinche" - verse play on Cortez
12 119 "The Third Daughter" - narrative poem
12 120 miscellaneous fragments

Series 2: D'Arcy McNickle's Diaries, 1931-1970

Contains diaries as well as garden notebooks (which often serve as diaries). The content of the diaries, which is hard to discern at times due to McNickle's handwriting, concerns his travels, his work, and his thoughts about life. The garden notebooks are used to record the work done on his garden, as well as notes on the weather and plants.
Arranged chronologically.

Box Folder
13 121 Diary, 1931
13 122 Diary, 1932
13 123 Diary, 1932
13 124 Diary, 1935
13 125 Diary, 1942
13 126 Diary, 1943
13 127 Diary, 1943
13 128 Diary, 1943, 1945
13 129 Diary, 1943-1947
13 130 Diary, 1947
14 131 Diary, with notes from 1947, 1951
14 132 Garden Notes, 1948
14 133 Diary, 1948
14 134 Diary, 1949-1950
14 135 Diary, 1950
14 136 Diary, 1950
14 137 Diary, 1950
14 138 Diary, 1952-1953
14 139 Diary, 1953
140 15 Diary, 1954
15 141 Diary, 1956
15 142 Diary, 1957
15 143 Diary, 1958
15 144 Diary, 1959
16 145 Diary, 1960
16 146 Diary, 1961
16 147 Diary, 1963
16 148 Diary, 1964
16 149 Diary, with some entries from 1966-1967, 1970

Series 3: Book Reviews 1936-1975

Contains reviews of books written by McNickle. Many of the clippings were sent to him by a clipping company that he hired to collect such articles. Also included here are requests for McNickle to review books by other authors. Some of these published reviews are located in the "Writings" series.
Arranged alphabetically by book title, followed by requests for reviews.

Box Folder
17 150 Reviews of "Indian Man: A Life of Oliver LaFarge"
17 151 Reviews of "Indians and Other Americans"
17 152 Reviews of "Native American Tribalism"
17 153 Reviews of "Runner in the Sun"
17 154 Reviews of "The Surrounded," first edition
17 155 Reviews of "They Came Here First"
17 156 Requests for McNickle to review books

Series 4: Correspondence 1924-1977

Contains incoming and outgoing correspondence, the bulk of which comes from 1950-1977. No attempt was made to separate the incoming from outgoing correspondence, but letters are arranged chronologically with the exception of several folders arranged by subject matter at the end of this series. Topics include publishing, meeting arrangements for discussion of a variety of topics, financial matters, requests to read articles, and personal matters. Many of the letters concern issues related to McNickle's tenure at AID as well as his attempts to get his books published. Prominent correspondents include various members and donors to AID, many publishing houses, and Viola G. Pfrommer. Other folders of correspondence have been placed alongside relevant materials in other series.
Arranged chronologically, followed by several folders arranged by subject.

Box Folder
18 157 Correspondence, 1924-1935
18 158 Correspondence, 1936-1939
18 159 Correspondence, 1940-1951
18 160 Correspondence, with Viola Pfrommer 1953-1954,
18 161 Correspondence, 1955-1956
19 162 Correspondence, 1957-1962
19 163 Correspondence, 1963-1965
19 164 Correspondence, 1966-1968
19 165 Correspondence, 1969-1971
19 166 Correspondence, 1972
20 167 Correspondence, 1973-1974
20 168 Correspondence, 1974-1975
20 169 Correspondence, 1976-1977
20 170 Correspondence - regarding publications, 1964-1977
20 171 Correspondence - Miscellaneous

Series 5: American Indian Development, Incorporated (AID) Materials, 1952-1966

From 1952 to 1966 McNickle was the director of AID, a project funded by the Field Foundation. Its purpose was "concerned with helping the Indian people of the United States to find and use the material resources and the leadership which exists in their communities" (McNickle, AID First Annual Report, 1952). Workshops were first run on a variety of pertinent subjects. Later AID began to focus upon one community, Crownpoint, New Mexico. The Crownpoint project ran from 1953-1960.
Arranged alphabetically by type of material or subject.

Box Folder
21 172 Agreements between AID and the Bureau of Indian Affairs
21 173-180 Annual Reports, 1952-1966
21 181 Board meeting papers, 1958-1966
21 182 Community Development in Manitoba
21 183 Crownpoint papers
22 184 Grant papers-Ford Foundation
22 185 Grant papers - Schwarzhaupt Foundation
22 186 Health Education Project
22 187 Hopi papers
22 188 Incorporation materials
22 189 Initial Planning, 1952-1953
22 190 Miscellaneous papers
22 191 Miscellaneous papers, 1952
22 192 Miscellaneous proposals
23 193 Navajo papers
23 194 Newsletters
23 195 Publicity
23 196 Training Program for Indian Leaders
23 197-207 Workshop correspondence, 1952-1966
23 208-209 Workshop expenses, 1962-1963
23 210-212 Workshop papers, 1952-1962
23 213 Workshop solicitation letters, 1965

Series 6: Sol Tax Correspondence, 1957-1975

McNickle acquired copies of anthropologist Sol Tax's correspondence from the library of University of Chicago. Tax is well-known for his contributions to anthropology, including his work on the Chicago Indian Conference in 1961. The correspondence, which is mainly between Tax and McNickle, covers topics such as Tax's involvement with AID (he was one of a group of directors), McNickle's solicitation for Tax's opinions on job candidates at the University of Saskatchewan, and correspondence about articles and books.
Arranged chronologically.

Box Folder
25 214 Sol Tax correspondence, 1957-1965
25 215 Sol Tax correspondence, 1965-1975

Series 7: Omer C. Stewart Additions, 1954-1986

Omer C. Stewart, professor of anthropology at the University of Colorado, Boulder, donated his file of material relating to D'Arcy McNickle to the Newberry in 1986. The types of materials present include letters, articles, and AID meeting notes. Many of these items are concerned with the National Congress of the American Indian (NCAI) and AID (Stewart was a board member of AID).

Box Folder
26 216-219 Omer C. Stewart additions - Miscellaneous

Series 8: University of Saskatchewan Materials, 1966-1971

D'Arcy McNickle accepted a position at the newly established University of Saskatchewan, Regina as a professor of anthropology in 1966. There he organized the teaching program and recruited staff. He retired in June 1971. This series contains McNickle's papers relating to this period in his life, including correspondence with university staff and faculty, memoranda issued by McNickle, department budgets, and papers concerning Canadian Indian rights.

Box Folder
27 220 University of Saskatchewan materials - Miscellaneous
27 221 University of Saskatchewan materials - Miscellaneous

Series 9: Center for the History of the American Indian Materials, 1971-1977

D'Arcy McNickle, along with Lawrence W. Towner, was instrumental in establishing the Center for the History of the American Indian (CHAI ) at the Newberry Library in 1972. It was renamed after him in 1984. This series contains materials related to the CHAI.
Arranged alphabetically by type of material.

Box Folder
28 222 Correspondence, 1971-1973
28 223 Correspondence, 1974-1977
28 224 Expenses
28 225 Fellowship applications
28 226 Field seminars
28 227 Grant applications
28 228 Notes

Series 10: Canadian Indian Materials, 1971-1973

This series contains materials that concern Canadian Indian organizations in the 1970s, contemporaneous with part of McNickle's tenure at the University of Saskatchewan, Regina.

Box Folder
29 229 American Indian Press Association materials
29 230 Ontario Project, 1971-1973
29 231 Northwest Indian Education Conference, speech, 1977
29 232 Ontario Educational Communications Authority materials
29 233 Manitoba Indian Brotherhood materials

Series 11: Television and Radio Materials, 1941-1975

This series contains materials from a television project, The Peopling of the New World, which was produced by Marlon Brando and John F. Beck through Black Elk Productions. McNickle served as a consultant for the series. There are also transcripts of 1941 radio broadcasts 1941 by Charles W. Collier, Josefina de Román, and McNickle.

Box Folder
30 234 The Peopling of the New World, correspondence 1974-1975
30 235-337 The Peopling of the New World, outlines
30 238 The Peopling of the New World, proposal
30 239 Radio broadcast transcripts, 1941

Series 12: Personal Items 1913-1977

This series includes identification materials, legal documents from McNickle's parents' divorce and his boarding school, and McNickle's curriculum vitae.

Box Folder
31 240 Official Documents
31 241 Curriculum Vitae
31 242 Legal Papers
31 242a Viola Pfrommer materials

Series 13: Miscellaneous

This series contains individual folders that do not fit elsewhere in the collection.

Box Folder
32 244 Articles about McNickle
32 245 Articles by other people
32 246 Blue Lake materials
32 247 Contracts for books
32 248 Drawing tablet with sketches
32 249 Notes on books (not McNickle's books)
32 250 Royalty statements from "They Came Here First"

Series 14: Photographs, 1952-1977

This series contains photographs, negatives, and slides of a variety of subjects, including many AID-related events. All are taken in the Southwest unless otherwise noted.
The photographs, many of which are undated and have no indication of subject matter, were arranged according to date or subject when it was possible. Negatives were grouped as they were found in their envelopes. The three slides were grouped together at the end of the series.

Box Folder
33 251 Photographs - - Hopi buildings, group shots, picnics 1952-1954
33 252 Photographs - - people standing by a building, Crownpoint? April 1955
33 253 Photographs - - ditch digging June 1955
33 254 Photographs - - ditch digging July 1955
33 255 Photographs - - house repair November 1955
33 256 Photographs - - making fences March 1956
33 257 Photographs - - meetings and yard work April 1956
33 258 Photographs - - housework July, September 1956
33 259 Photographs - - portraits, school scenes 1956
33 260 Photographs - - cars, people February 1957
33 261 Photographs - -woodworking April-May 1957
33 262 Photographs - - house painting, rugs, wood-working August 1957
33 263 Photographs - - group shots, McNickle September 1957
33 264 Photographs - - "Seminole Life" 1957
33 265 Photographs - - construction March 1958
33 266 Photographs - - cellar door construction and party scenes April 1958
33 267 Photographs - - portraits June 1958
33 268 Photographs - - children playing August-September 1958
33 269 Photographs - - landscapes, meeting December 1958
33 270 Photographs - - rugs, cows and sheep, party, portraits, fish and wildlife department 1958
33 271 Photographs - - group shots February 1959
33 272 Photographs - - landscapes, social events, rug rug display May 1959
33 273 Photographs - - rugs July 1959
33 274 Photographs - - around the AID building August 1959
33 275 Photographs - - plants, group shots January, March, May 1960
33 276 Photographs - - school life July 1962
33 277 Photographs - - rodeo May 1969
33 278 Photographs - -Workshop Pictures, [1971]
33 279 Photographs - Undated - moving rocks
33 280 Photographs - Undated - CHAI
33 281 Photographs - Undated - portraits
33 282 Photographs - Undated - rug displays
33 283 Photographs - Undated - furniture building
33 284 Photographs - Undated - construction
34 285 Photographs - Undated -group shots
34 286 Photographs - Undated - party pictures
34 287 Photographs - Undated - landscapes
34 288 Photographs - Undated - Navajo girls
34 289 Photographs - Undated - large Workshop pictures
34 290 Photographs - Undated - portraits of McNickle
34 291 Photographs - Haystack and Baca Community Volunteers, (?) Summer 1954
34 292 Photographs - Miscellaneous
34 293 Negatives
34 294 Negatives
34 295 Slides (3) - workshop scenes
35 296 Oversized matted photograph of McNickle