TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary of the Collection

Administrative Information

Biography of Hermann Raster

Scope and Content of the Collection

Organization

Selected Search Terms

Container List

Series 1: Correspondence, 1850-1892

Series 2: Works, 1849-1911

Series 3: Personal, 1879-1940

Series 4: Family Papers, 1851-1930

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Inventory of the Hermann Raster Papers, 1849-1940, bulk 1860-1891


The Newberry Library
Roger and Julie Baskes Department of Special Collections
60 West Walton Street
Chicago, Illinois 60610-7324
USA
Phone: 312-255-3506
Fax: 312-255-3646
E-Mail: specialcolls@newberry.org
URL: http://www.newberry.org

Machine-readable finding aid encoded by Shannon Yule, 2007.

©2007.


Descriptive Summary of the Collection

Creator Raster, Hermann, 1827-1891
Title Hermann Raster Papers
Dates 1849-1940
Dates bulk 1860-1891
Extent 6 linear feet (10 boxes, 2 oversize boxes)
Abstract Correspondence and other materials pertaining to the life of German immigrant "Forty-Eighter," Hermann Raster, and his work as editor of the Illinois Staats-Zeitung.
Language Materials are in English and German.
Repository Newberry Library, Roger and Julie Baskes Department of Special Collections
Collection Call Number Midwest MS Raster
Collection Stack Location 3a 42 1

Administrative Information

Cite As

Hermann Raster Papers, The Newberry Library, Chicago.

Provenance

Gift of Anna Raster Hercz, [1946]; Lenore Raster Aagaard, 1945-1977; Elizabeth Raster Marlowe, 1967; and Arthur Hercz ,1979.

Processed by

Shannon Yule, 2007.

Acknowledgements

This inventory was created with the generous support of the National Endowment for the Humanities. Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this inventory do not necessarily represent those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Access

The Hermann Raster Papers are open for research in the Special Collections Reading Room; 1 box at a time (Priority III).

Ownership and Literary Rights

The Hermann Raster Papers are the physical property of the Newberry Library. Copyright may belong to the authors or their legal heirs or assigns. For permission to publish or reproduce any materials from this collection, contact the Roger and Julie Baskes Department of Special Collections.

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Biography of Hermann Raster

German immigrant “Forty-Eighter,” editor of New York Abendzeitung and Illinois Staats-Zeitung.

Hermann Raster was born in 1827 in Zerbst, Germany. He graduated from University of Leipzig in 1846 and the University of Berlin in 1848. In 1849 he took a job as the stenographer of the Anhalt Legislature. Raster took part in the revolutions of 1848, writing passionately against church and monarchy. He was forced to flee to America with fellow revolutionaries to escape prison.

Raster arrived in New York in July, 1851 and first found employment as a farmhand near Tioga, PA. He left for Buffalo in the spring of 1852, accepting the position of editor for the Buffalo Demokrat. His journalistic reputation grew quickly and in February of 1853, Raster was made editor of the New York Abendzeitung, the most influential German-language paper of the time.

In 1867, Raster accepted the position as editor for the Illinois Staats-Zeitung in Chicago, where he remained until his death. Raster died in July 1891 in Silesia, Germany where he had traveled for his poor health. His third wife Margarethe and their three children, Anna, Edwin and Walther survived him.

Raster was influential in leading the German-American switch to the Republican Party in 1856, swaying German public opinion via his pro-union, anti-slavery articles in the German press, and promoting the personal liberty (anti-temperance) cause.

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Scope and Content of the Collection

The bulk of this collection consists of correspondence—professional, personal, and family. Many of the letters in the collection are in German, written by prominent German-American and German editors, professors, diplomats, singers and authors. There are also letters in English from important Chicagoans covering topics such as the fledgling Chicago Public library, immigration laws, the Chicago Board of Education, anti-temperance and the Republican Platform. Many of Raster’s letters to his family have been translated, including those that reveal his experiences and feelings as an immigrant in New York City and during the aftermath of the Chicago fire in 1871.

The Works series includes clippings of Raster’s columns and editorials, as well as hundreds of pro-union, anti-slavery news letters sent to a Berlin paper during the Civil War. This collection also includes various personal items such as several photographs, illustrations, an obituaries scrapbook, and various memorabilia.

Narrative descriptions of the subject matter, types of material, and arrangement of each series are available through the Organization section of the finding aid.

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Organization

Papers are organized in the following series:

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Selected Search Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Newberry Library's public catalog. Researchers desiring additional materials on a particular topic should search the catalog using these headings.

Names

  • Brachvogel, Udo, 1835-1913
  • Damrosch, Leopold, 1832-1885
  • Illinois Staatszeitung
  • Medill, Joseph, 1823-1899
  • Parker, Francis W. (Francis Wayland), 1837-1902
  • Pulitzer, Joseph, 1847-1911
  • Rapp, Wilhelm, 1828-1907
  • Raster, Hermann, 1827-1891

Subjects

  • Chicago (Ill.) -- Newspapers
  • Germans --United States
  • Clippings -- 1851-1900
  • Correspondence -- 1851-1900
  • Correspondence -- 1901-1950
  • Diaries -- 1851-1900
  • Diaries -- 1901-1950
  • Forty-Eighters (American immigrants)
  • German Americans -- Illinois -- Chicago -- Newspapers
  • Manuscripts, American--Illinois--Chicago
  • Newspaper editors--Illinois--Chicago
  • Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- )
  • Temperance -- History -- 19th century
  • United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865

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Container List

Series 1: Correspondence, 1850-1892

This series consists mainly of letters written in German to Hermann Raster by prominent Germans and German-Americans, e.g. Joseph Pulitzer, A. C. Hesing, Wilhelm Rapp, Lorenz Brentano, Udo Brachvogel, Friedrich Kapp, Karl Elze, Leopold Damrosch, and Bruno Bauer. Also included are letters in English from well-known individuals, such as Charles Dana, John A. Logan, Elihu Washburne, J.V. Farwell, Francis W. Parker, and Joseph Medill, whose topics include the fledgling Chicago Public library, immigration laws, the Chicago Board of Education, anti-temperance and the Republican Platform. Correspondence is in German unless noted as English. Correspondence is incoming unless noted as outgoing.
Arranged alphabetically by last name of correspondent.

Box Folder Contents
1 1 Andriano, Joseph (in English), Aug. 28, 1889
1 2 Armour, Philip D. (in English), May 9, 1890
1 3 Bauer, [Bruno] (outgoing), Jul. 12, 1870
1 4 Bernays, C. L. and Josephine, 1877-1879
1 5 Boeck, L. J., Dec. 28, 1874
1 6 Bornstein, H. and August, 1873, 1885
1 7 Brachvogel, Udo, 1873-1890
1 8 Brand, Marianne, Jan. 26, 1886
1 9 Brentano, Lorenz, 1873-1887
1 10 Butz, Caspar, 1876, 1879
1 11 Damrosch, Dr. Leopold, 1881-1885
1 12 Damrosch, Walter Johannes, Feb. 27, 1885
1 13 Dana, Charles A. (in English), Nov. 11, 1871
1 14 Eichrodt, Ludwig, Jul. 7, 1877
1 15 Elze, Professor Karl. (mostly outgoing), 1852-1865, 1872
1 16 Farwell, C. B. (in English), 1874
1 17 Farwell, John V. (in English), 1874, 1884
1 18 Felsenthal, B. (in English), Dec. 10, 1872
1 19 Genee, Ottilie, Apr. 6 [1886], n.d.
1 20 Goudy, [] (outgoing in English), Feb. 5, 1879
1 21 Harrison, Benjamin (written to Joseph Brucker in English), Jun. 14, 1892
1 22 Hesing, A. C., 1873-1891
1 23 Hildebrand, Dr. Max, Mar. 8, 1889
1 24 Huentze, R., Mar. 28, 1887
1 25 Kapp, Friedrich, 1863, 1878
1 26 Kirsch, Franz, Apr. 5, 1890
1 27 Klauprecht, E., 1881
1 28 Koch, A. (In English) Sept. 11, 1889
1 29 Lankow-Pietsch, Anna, 1886-1887
1 30 Loeser, Paul, May 29, 1891
1 31 Logan, John A. (in English), 1876, n.d.
1 32 Lyser, Gustav, Jul. 13, 1889
1 33 Mackay, John H., 1889
1 34 Maher, Edward (in English), Nov. 23, 1889
1 35 Matteson, Andre (in English), Nov. 24, 1887
1 36 Medill, Joseph (in English), 1872-1887
1 37 Mooyers, Johannes, 1873
1 38 Murray, A. Gordon (in English), Jun. 13, 1889
1 39 Nelson, P. Reed and Co. (in English), Apr. 3, 1889
1 40 Office of Auzeiger des Westens, 1879
1 41 Oglesby, Richard James (outgoing), Nov. 7, 1887
1 42 Ottendorfer, Oswald, 1881, n.d.
1 43 Paulus, Brother (Franciscan monk), 1884-1891
1 44 Parker, Francis W. (in English), 1887, 1890
1 45 Pietsch, C. F., 1873
1 46 Pretorius, Emil, Jul. 1886
1 47 Pulitzer, Joseph, 1875
1 48 Rapp, Wilhelm, 1875, 1886
1 49 Rittig, [], Nov. 24, 1881
1 50 Sargent, A. A. (in English), Jul. 20, 1880
1 51 Savage, Anna Josephin, 1887
1 52 Schenk, Leopold, 1874-1883
1 53 Schmidt, C. B. (Atichson, Topeka & Sante Fe Railroad Co. Foreign Immigration Branch), 1878
1 54 Schwarzbach, B., 1879
1 55 Sears, A. W., Aug. 19, 1872
1 56 Summerfield, John (in English), 1887
1 57 Tallcott, T. H. L. (in English), Aug. 23, 1872
1 58 Trenkler, Dr. O., 1887 - Jul. 1888
1 59 Trenkler, Dr. O., Jul. - Dec. 1888
1 60 Trenkler, Dr. O., Jan. - Jun. 1889
1 61 Trenkler, Dr. O., Jul. - Dec. 1889
2 62 Trenkler, Dr. O., 1890-1891, n.d.
2 63 Tuthill, Richard S. (in English), Feb. 4, 1881
2 64 Tuttle, Edmund (in English), Sept. 16, 1872
2 65 von Corvin, Otto, 1880-1883
2 66 von [Drinklage], E., n.d.
2 67 von Lunn, F., Dec. 29, 1878
2 68 von Racovitza-Schewitsch, Helene, n.d.
2 69 von Schierbrand, Wolf, Sept. 27, 1886
2 70 Wallace, Judge M. R. M. (outgoing in English), May 29, 1878
2 71 Washburne, Elihu Benjamin (in English), 1873, 1880, n.d.
2 72 Wetzler, Charles, n.d.
2 73 White, Horace (in English), Mar. 31, 1874
2 74 Wickersham, William B. (in English), 1872, 1891
2 75 Wilson, J. L., Nov. 8, 1872
2 76 Wyl, Dr. W., 1887-1890
2 77 Correspondence between others (some in English), 1878-1891
2 78 Unidentified correspondents (incoming), 1881-1891, n.d.
2 79 Unidentified correspondents (outgoing) 1850-1886, n.d.

Series 2: Works, 1849-1911

This series contains newspaper clippings of Raster’s columns and editorials for the Illinois Staats-Zeitung, hundreds of pro-union and anti-slavery news letters sent to the National Zeitung Berlin between 1860-1865 describing the events leading up to and during the Civil War, and various political pamphlets and drafts.
Arranged alphabetically.

Box Folder Contents
3 80a Illinois Staats-Zeitung - Editorials (see oversize box 1), 1870-1871
3 80b Illinois Staats-Zeitung - Feuilleton column, 1889
3 81 Illinois Staats-Zeitung - Fiftieth Anniversary Special Edition (see oversize box 1), 1898
3 82 Illinois Staats-Zeitung - Memorandum of employment agreement with Raster as Chief Editor (in English), Jul. 1872
3 83 Illinois Staats-Zeitung - Newspaper clippings - Printed excerpts of civil war letters originally sent to Professor Elze, 1891
3 84 Illinois Staats-Zeitung - Newspaper clippings - Scrapbook (original and photocopies), 1888
3 85 National Zeitung Berlin - News letters on Civil War, Jan. - Mar. 1860
3 86 National Zeitung Berlin - News letters on Civil War, Apr. - Jun. 1860
3 87 National Zeitung Berlin - News letters on Civil War, Jul. - Sept. 1860
3 88 National Zeitung Berlin - News letters on Civil War, Oct. - Dec. 1860
3 89 National Zeitung Berlin - News letters on Civil War, Jan. - Mar. 1861
3 90 National Zeitung Berlin - News letters on Civil War, Apr. - Jul. 1861
3 91 National Zeitung Berlin - News letters on Civil War, Aug. - Dec. 1861
4 92 National Zeitung Berlin - News letters on Civil War, Jan. - Apr. 1862
4 93 National Zeitung Berlin - News letters on Civil War, May - Jul. 1862
4 94 National Zeitung Berlin - News letters on Civil War, Aug. - Oct. 1862
4 95 National Zeitung Berlin - News letters on Civil War, Nov. - Dec. 1862
4 96 National Zeitung Berlin - News letters on Civil War, Jan. - Apr. 1863
4 97 National Zeitung Berlin - News letters on Civil War, May - Jul. 1863
4 98 National Zeitung Berlin - News letters on Civil War, Aug. - Oct. 1863
5 99 National Zeitung Berlin - News letters on Civil War, Nov. - Dec. 1863
5 100 National Zeitung Berlin - News letters on Civil War, Jan. - Mar. 1864
5 101 National Zeitung Berlin - News letters on Civil War, Apr. - Jun. 1864
5 102 National Zeitung Berlin - News letters on Civil War, Jul. - Sept. 1864
5 103 National Zeitung Berlin - News letters on Civil War, Oct. - Dec. 1864
5 104 National Zeitung Berlin - News letters on Civil War, Jan. - Mar. 1865
5 105 National Zeitung Berlin - News letters on Civil War 1860-1862 - Scrapbook of clippings of letters printed by Milwaukee Sonntagspost (see oversize box 2), 1911
5 106 Political - The Raster Resolution pamphlet (in English), [1888]
5 107 Political - The Connecticut Amendment (re: German immigration) partial draft (in English), ca. 1850s
5 108 Political - Copy of law sent to Hartford Convention re: Personal Liberty Plank in Republican Reform (in English), Sept. 19, 1872
5 109 Political - Various pamphlets, 1849, 1871, n.d.

Series 3: Personal, 1879-1940

This series includes articles written about Raster, illustrations of Raster, a scrapbook of his obituaries, poetry, various newspaper clippings, a few photographs, and some memorabilia.
Arranged alphabetically.

Box Folder Contents
6 110 Articles regarding Raster (see oversize box 1), 1884-1887
6 111 Articles regarding Raster, 1927, 1940
6 112 Calendar of Birthdays, n.d.
6 113 Death - German Press Club Memorial Service program, 1891
6 114 Death - Obituaries (Hermann and son Edwin) scrapbook photocopied (see oversize box 1 for original scrapbook) some in English, 1891, 1927
6 115 Diary, 1891
6 116 Financial documents, 187[], 1897
6 117 Illustrations of Raster (see oversize box 1), n.d.
6 118 Invitations, menus and programs, 1879-1907
6 119 Last will and testament, May 28, 1851
6 120 Miscellaneous, n.d.
6 121 Newspaper clippings - German American Press (some in English), 1854-1872
6 122 Newspaper clippings - Scrapbook of various topics (some in English), ca. 1860-1880s
6 122a Newspaper clippings - Scrapbook of various topics photocopied (some in English), ca. 1860-1880s
6 123 Newspaper clippings - Various, ca. 1860-1880s
6 124 Photographs of Raster, ca. 1880s
6 125 Poetry (some by Raster), 1879-1885, n.d.

Series 4: Family Papers, 1851-1930

This series consists mainly of correspondence between Raster and his family and correspondence between his family members. Raster’s letters cover topics such as his experiences and feelings as an immigrant in New York City, the aftermath of the Chicago fire in 1871, and his thoughts on the political climate of his time. The letters are in German, yet many have been translated by Raster’s granddaughter Lenore Raster Aagaard. Also included are Margarethe Raster and Anna Raster materials such as diaries, account books, and memorabilia.
Arranged alphabetically by family member.

Box Folder Contents
7 126 Oppenheim, Anna - Correspondence to Margarethe Raster, 1882-1883
7 127 Raster, Anna Sophie (later Anna Hercz) - Account books, 1890, 1898, 1911-1915
7 128 Raster, Anna Sophie (later Anna Hercz) - Account books, 1920-1939
7 129 Raster, Anna Sophie (later Anna Hercz) - Autograph book, 1884
7 130 Raster, Anna Sophie (later Anna Hercz) - Correspondence to Hermann Raster, 1883-1885
7 131 Raster, Anna Sophie (later Anna Hercz) - Correspondence to Margarethe Raster, 1881
7 132 Raster, Anna Sophie (later Anna Hercz) - Correspondence to Walter Berthold Raster, 1892-1896
7 133 Raster, Anna Sophie (later Anna Hercz) - Diary of dream analysis, ca. 1930
7 134 Raster, Anna Sophie (later Anna Hercz) - Diary of Germany trip, 1890
8 135 Raster, Anna Sophie (later Anna Hercz) - Diaries, 1886, 1897-1898
8 136 Raster, Anna Sophie (later Anna Hercz) - Diaries, 1898-1899
8 137 Raster, Anna Sophie (later Anna Hercz) - Memorabilia (see oversize box 1), n.d.
8 138 Raster, Anna Sophie (later Anna Hercz) - Miscellaneous, ca. 1880-1930
8 139 Raster, Edwin Otto - Correspondence to Anna Sophie Raster, 1889
8 140 Raster, Edwin Otto - Correspondence to Hermann Raster, 1883-1890
8 141 Raster, Edwin Otto - Correspondence to Margarethe Raster, 1884-1906
8 142 Raster, Hermann - Correspondence to Anna Oppenheim (mother-in-law), 1870-1872, 1884
8 143 Raster, Hermann - Correspondence to Anna Sophie Raster (daughter), 1883, 1889
8 144 Raster, Hermann - Correspondence to Askan Raster (brother), 1852-1863
8 145 Raster, Hermann - Correspondence to Edwin Otto Raster (son), 1882-1890
8 146 Raster, Hermann - Correspondence to Margarethe Raster (wife), 1869-1874, 1878
8 147 Raster, Hermann - Correspondence to Margarethe Raster (wife), 1881
9 148 Raster, Hermann - Correspondence to Margarethe Raster (wife), 1882-1884
9 149 Raster, Hermann - Correspondence to Margarethe Raster (wife), 1885, 1887
9 150 Raster, Hermann - Correspondence to Margarethe Raster (wife), 1888-1890
9 151 Raster, Hermann - Correspondence to Mathilde Raster (daughter), 1871
9 152 Raster, Hermann - Correspondence to Mathilde Raster (daughter), 1872
9 153 Raster, Hermann - Correspondence to Mathilde Raster (daughter), 1873
9 154 Raster, Hermann - Correspondence to Sophie [Raster] (sister), 1851-1869
9 155 Raster, Hermann - Correspondence to Sophie [Raster] (sister), 1871-1874, 1886
9 156 Raster, Hermann - Correspondence to Walther Berthold Raster (son), 1883, 1889
9 157 Raster, Margarethe - Correspondence to Anna Oppenheim, 1869-1872
9 158 Raster, Margarethe - Correspondence to Hermann Raster, 1878, 1883
9 159 Raster, Margarethe - Correspondence to Mathilde Raster, 1872-1873
9 160 Raster, Margarethe - Correspondence to Walther Berthold Raster, 1892
9 161 Raster, Margarethe - Diary, notebook, 1876, 1881
9 162 Raster, Margarethe - Last will and testament, Apr. 22, 1902
9 163 Raster, Margarethe - Miscellaneous, n.d.
10 164 Raster, Mathilde - Correspondence to Hermann Raster, 1871-1874
10 165 Raster, Sophie - Correspondence to Hermann Raster, 1878
10 166 Raster, Walther Berthold - Correspondence to Anna Sophie Raster (Later Anna Hercz), 1910, 1914
10 167 Raster, Walther Berthold - Correspondence to Hermann Raster, 1880-1884
10 168 Reiss, Adolph - Correspondence to Hermann Raster (brother-in-law), 1883
10 169 Various - Correspondence, 1871-1928