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Norton, John, b. ca. 1760 : John Norton papers, 1804-1816,bulk 1804-1810

Schoolmaster, interpreter, Mohawk chief, army officer, and author; also known as Teyoninhokarawen.,Probably born in Scotland of Cherokee and Scottish parents, Norton was adopted by the Mohawk chief, Joseph Brant, as nephew, deputy, and successor (appointed non-hereditary chief for war and diplomacy in 1799). Addresses and correspondence of John Norton, with speeches and petitions of the Grand River Indians, chiefly dating 1804-1810.,Includes a contemporary copy of "The address of Teyoninkokarowen ... to the Mohawk Indians," written ca. 1805 by Norton to introduce his translation of the Gospel of John. Also a letter book containing copies of Norton's correspondence with British reformers (John Owen, Robert Barclay, William Wilberforce, Samuel Thornton) and with colonial administrators (William Claus, Francis Gore); and speeches and memorials of the council and chiefs of the Five Nations. Topics include: 1804-1805 England trip; Grand River land grant; conflicts with Claus; plans for Indian uplift; Mohawk gospel; and 1809-1810 Cherokee country tour. Also miscellaneous correspondence, extracts of correspondence, speeches, and newsclippings, all apparently stored in the letterbook.
Extent: 1.5 linear feet - (1 box)
Subjects: Indians and the West
Call Number: VAULT oversize Ayer MS 654
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