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Emma B. Freeman photographs of Yurok and Hupa Indians

Identifier: Ayer-Photographs-box-99-101


Posed images of Yurok and Hupa Indians taken in the studio and in outdoor settings in Eureka and Humboldt County, 1914-1918.,Soft-focused and stylized, the portraits are not accurate representations of Indian dress or ways. Included are images of Robert Spott, Bertha Stevens, Vivian Chase, Hazel Ferris, Grace Wayman, and Ed. Pearch. There are also a few shots of older Indians taken at the Hoopa and Klamath reservations, and there is one portrait of Emma B. Freeman.


  • Creation: 1914-1918


Biographical / Historical

Eureka, Calif., photographer and artist.,Born in 1880 in Nebraska, Emma Belle Richart married Edwin R. Freeman in Colorado in 1901. In 1904 the couple moved to San Francisco, where they opened an art shop and Emma took drawing and painting lessons. Following the 1906 earthquake the Freemans relocated to Eureka, Calif., and they established the Freeman Art Company. Divorced from her husband in 1915, Emma became the sole proprietor of the firm and practiced photography, specializing in artistic portraits and landscapes, including a series of images of local Yurok and Hupa Indians. She sold her Indian prints through the Freeman Art Company and also exhibited them at the 1915 Panama-Pacific International Exposition.


3.8 Linear Feet (3 boxes)

Language of Materials


Ownership and Custodial History

Forms part of the Edward E. Ayer Photograph Collection (Newberry Library)

Alternate Form Available

Also available on microfilm at the Newberry Library.

General Notes

Title supplied by cataloger.

In boxes with title: Hupa and Klamath Indians. Emma B. Freeman.

Prints embossed in lower left corner: Emma B. Freeman Eureka Ca.

On the verso of some prints are printed captions with hand-nnotated print numbers; other prints are hand-numbered and marked on the verso, "Hoopa Ser." or "Klamath Ser."

Emma B. Freeman photographs of Yurok and Hupa Indians, 1914-1918
Catalog Record Only
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the The Newberry Library - Modern Manuscripts and Archives Repository

60 West Walton Street
Chicago Illinois 60610 United States