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Modern Manuscripts Search Results: subject is "Indians and the West"

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Antelope, Faustinus W.: Faustinus Antelope letters and petition, 1918

Two letters, Aug. 23 and Sept. 7, 1918, from Faustinus W. Antelope, an Arapahoe Indian of Arapahoe, Wyo. (Wind River Reservation), to the Field Museum of Natural History and Edward E. Ayer, together with the text of a petition, all regarding the opposition of E.A. Hutchinson, the agent to the Arapahoes, to a performance of the Sun Dance for the benefit of the Red Cross.,The dance was prohibited during Hutchinson's entire tenure (1917-1922) at the Shoshone Superintendency. Also includes a note from the director of the Field Museum, forwarding Antelope's Aug. 23 letter to Ayer, and Ayer's reply to Antelope.

Augur, Christopher Columbus, 1821-1898: Christopher C. Augur Papers, 1780-1912

United States army officer, 1843 to 1885. Correspondence, printed and manuscript military orders and reports, letter-books, a miscellany of accounts and receipts, clippings, memorabilia and maps, mainly documenting Augur's military activities and commands before and during the Civil War, and post-war service in the Pacific Northwest, Texas and the Gulf.

Augur, Christopher Columbus, 1821-1898: Christopher C. Augur Collection of Photographs of the Western United States, 1846-1889

Mounted albumen prints and stereographs primarily of western Indians and scenes, ca. 1865-1881, taken by Alexander Gardner, John K. Hillers, William H. Jackson, William Soule and a few other photographers, plus three large lithographic prints of Mexican War military scenes. Also, a box containing a stereoscopic viewer.

Ayer, Edward Everett, 1841-1927: Edward E. Ayer U.S. Board of Indian Commissioners files, 1912-1922

Correspondence, minutes, reports, memoranda, bulletins, 1912-1922, relating to Edward E. Ayer's work as a commissioner. Dating primarily from Ayer's period of active service, 1912-1917, there is both incoming and outgoing correspondence with commission members and officials (H.C. Phillips, W.K. Moorehead, G. Vaux, F.H. Abbott, M. McDowell, W.H. Ketchum), the secretary of the interior (F.K. Lane), the commissioner of Indian affairs (C. Sells), the foreman of the Menominee sawmill (A.S. Nicholson), and senators and congressmen (R. La Follette, etc.).

Ayer, Edward Everett, 1841-1927: Edward E. Ayer Papers, 1847-1978, bulk 1860-1934

Railroad tie manufacturer who donated his collection of materials on America and American Indians to the Newberry Library and served as a Newberry trustee from 1892 to 1911. Ayer's papers include correspondence (some pertaining to Newberry collections), writings, documents, tributes, and photographs and reminiscences of his westward and overseas travels. Ayer was a Sergeant in Company E, 1st Regiment of Cavalry, California Volunteers, and a 2nd Lieutenant in Company I, Regiment of New Mexico volunteers. His papers include military enlistment and discharge papers, and reminiscences regarding his march with the California column and service in New Mexico.

Ballenger, Thomas Lee: Thomas Lee Ballenger Papers, 1730-1968

Correspondence and writings of author, educator, and historian Thomas Lee Ballenger; photographs, legal papers, and documents of the Cherokee Indians, their territory, and prominent individuals who contributed to Oklahoma's history; genealogical materials including detailed tables, charts, and diagrams of individual Cherokee families; and extensive collections of archaeological artifacts.

Barry, D. F. (David Francis), 1854-1934: D.F. Barry photographs of Hunkpapa Indians, ca. 1881-1920

Studio portraits of Hunkpapa chiefs Crow King, Gall, Sitting Bull, and Rain in the Face, as well as Standing Holy (Sitting Bull's daughter), Shooting Star (identified as a Sioux squaw), and D.F. Barry with Rain in the Face.,The images were taken at Fort Buford in 1881, at Bismarck in 1885, and possibly elsewhere in the Dakota Territory, but most of them were printed from the negatives and sold from Barry's Superior, Wisconsin, studio in the 1890's or later.

Barstow, C. H. (Charles H.), -1908: C. H. Barstow Papers, 1870-1891

United States Indian Service employee stationed at the Crow Agency, Montana Territory. Mainly correspondence, 1870-1891, mostly written by C.H. Barstow at the Crow Agency to his sister, Eliza, and brother, Rogers L. Barstow, in Massachusetts. Also several letters from Barstow’s wife, Lizzie, to his sister and brother, and a few miscellaneous letters of Rogers Barstow, other family members and friends, 3 small clippings, plus a November 10, 1887, issue of The Montana Stock Gazette.

Beede, A. McG. (Aaron McGaffey), 1859-1934: [Sioux Indian Drawings], 1913-1914

One hundred sixty unsigned, numbered drawings attributed to "Sioux Indians" (a general, blanket term used to describe the Santee, the Yankton-Yanktonai, and the Lakota peoples) living in Fort Yates, North Dakota during the cataclysmic winter of 1913-1914, a period known as the "Starving Time." Aaron McGaffey Bead, an Episcopal missionary to the Indians of North Dakota, provided paper and art supplies to the residents of Fort Yates during this period and paid 50-75 cents for each drawing, depending on the age of the artist. This collection of watercolor and pencil drawings, letters, and prints offer invaluable insight into issues of self-representation, historical documentation, and cross-cultural exchange within the early twentieth century American Indian context.

Beffel, John Nicholas: Beffel, John Nicholas. Letters to Caroline M. McIlvaine regarding Chief Shabbona, March 1932

Includes three letters written by John Nicholas Beffel of New York to Caroline McIlvaine of the Chicago Historical Society from March 1932. Beffel describes his research for an article on Chief Shabbona and asks McIlvaine for additional information.

Blount, William, 1749-1800: William Blount Papers, 1794-1796

Letters, orders and receipts written by William Blount, pertaining to his administration of Indian and military affairs in the Territory of the United States, South of the River Ohio, 1794-1796. Correspondence directed to David Henley (as agent of the War Department), John Pitchlynn (U.S. interpreter to the Choctaw), and several other military officers.

Bollaert, William, 1807-1876: William Bollaert papers, 1837-1849

The William Bollaert Papers include eight separate items (Ayer MS 83a-83h) most of which relate to his years in Texas. The collection includes journals, notes, clippings, and maps consisting of the following items: Notes and memoranda, 1837-1838 (MS 83a); Private journals, 1841-1849 (MS 83b); Diary, 1844 (MS 83c); Texas in 1842 - by a Traveller (MS 83d); Personal Narrative of a Residence and Travels in the Republic of Texas, 1840-1844 (MS 83e); Notes on Texas, 1843-1844 (MS 83f); Notes and view of Galveston Island, 1843 (MS 83g); and Miscellaneous notes concerning Texas (MS 83h). The private journals and diary provided the basis for the Personal Narrative ... which Bollaert planned to use as a manuscript for publication. Bollaert's journals include numerous encounters with Texas President's Houston and Lamar among other prominent military and political leaders. The Papers remain one of the most important sources of information on the frontier Republic and its people.

Boyd, Robert K., 1845?-: Robert Knowles Boyd letters, 1925-1927

Five letters, Oct. 28, 1925 - Feb. 13, 1927, from Boyd to his cousin, Edith M. Smith, discussing the reception of his pamphlets about the Minnesota-Wisconsin frontier in the 1860's and 1870's.,Included are comments on the Battle of Birch Coulee, the Chippewa Valley, the Chippewa Indians, and the Eau Claire family of novelist G.P.R. James. There is also a carbon typescript of a review of Boyd's works from Minnesota History, Vol. 7, No. 4, 1926 (pp. 354-355)

Brown, D. Tilden (David Tilden), 1822-1889: David Tilden Brown Papers, 1848-1866

Letters, receipts, contracts, 2 manuscript maps, and drawings pertaining to Brown's activities in Nicaragua around 1848-1850. Brown traveled to Central America in 1849 planning to establish a cheaper and faster commercial route west from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean across the isthmus of Nicaragua. Brown and several associates formed the Compañía de Vapores de Nicaragua and, on March 14, 1849, negotiated the first treaty with General José Trinidad Muñoz for exclusive rights to steamship travel up the San Juan River and across Lake Nicaragua.

Brown, Pete, 1978-: Pete Brown Collection of Native Americans in Comic Books, 1937–2015

Comic books, graphic novels, and pop culture ephemera with Native American themes, characters, and imagery produced in North America from the years 1937 to 2015.

Burbank, E. A. (Elbridge Ayer), 1858-1949: E. A. Burbank Papers, 1897-1949

About 350 letters written mainly from the Oklahoma Territory, the Southwest, and the Dakotas by Elbridge Ayer Burbank to his uncle Edward E. Ayer, together with two scrapbooks containing incoming correspondence and miscellaneous clippings. Burbank, a painter and illustrator who studied at the Art Institute of Chicago, was commissioned by Edward E. Ayer in 1897 to produce a series of portraits of prominent Indian Chiefs.

Burbank, E. A. (Elbridge Ayer), 1858-1949: E. A. Burbank Indian Portraits, Drawings, approximately 1897-1914

Collection of over 1200 red and brown conté crayon on paper portraits of assorted American Indian subjects drawn during E. A. Burbank’s extensive travel to American Indian communities throughout the American Southwest, West, and Northwest. Commissioned to paint a portrait of Chief Geronimo by his maternal uncle, Edward E. Ayer, the Newberry benefactor and president of the Field Columbian Museum, Burbank embarked in 1897 on what would turn out to be a decades-long, quixotic quest to “paint every single Indian tribe in America.” Though ultimately unsuccessful, Burbank was able to paint and draw individuals from more than 125 tribes, documenting and providing lasting insight into the culture and history of fast-disappearing indigenous populations.

Burbank, E. A. (Elbridge Ayer), 1858-1949: E. A. Burbank Indian Portraits, Prints, approximately 1897-1937

Collection of photogravures, colortype lithographs, and other offset color prints of drawings and oil paintings by E. A. Burbank. Consisting primarily of prints of oil paintings included in Burbank’s extensive series of American Indian portraits, this collection of mass-produced, predominately twentieth century prints offers insight into cultural appeal of the American Indian and the wide dissemination of the work of E. A. Burbank during the last century.

Burbank, E. A. (Elbridge Ayer), 1858-1949: E. A. Burbank Indian Portraits, Paintings, 1897-1908

Collection of twenty-five oil paintings on canvas and panel executed by E. A. Burbank during the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth centuries. Predominately composed of intimately-scaled portraits of American Indian men and women, this collection offers invaluable insight into the pictorial depiction of the American Indian during the turn of the twentieth century as well as the cultural cache attached to the depiction of native subjects.

Cabanban, Orlando: Orlando Cabanban Photographs, approximately 1920s-1991

Negatives (35 mm and 120 film format), contact sheets, prints, and transparencies created by Chicago photographer Orlando Cabanban primarily of events related to the American Indian Center of Chicago during the late 1960s. Social activities documented include powwows, day camps, the AIC canoe club and basketball team, and the American Indian Festival held at the Field Museum. Also includes images of AIC meetings, demonstrations, individual and family portraits, miscellaneous photographs and negatives, and related materials.

Canada. Indian and Northern Affairs Canada.: Canadian Indian Reports, 1960-1980

Collection of reports issued by the Canadian government regarding Canadian Indians.

Capron, Edwin R: Edwin R. Capron letters, 1863-1866

The collection includes a letter from Capron's sister to her mother, a letter to Capron from his parents and one letter from Henry C. Barrett to Nannie and Cyrus Fairley, Camp Cleveland, Ohio, 29 December 1863. Written from Fort Kearney and Cottonwood Springs, Nebraska Territory. Also includes 12 envelopes and a daguerreotype portrait of Capron.

Carter, Robert Goldthwaite, 1845-1936: Henry W. Lawton scrapbook, 1874-1900

Scrapbook made up of autograph letters, newspaper clippings, pamphlets, maps, portraits, etc., all pertaining to Henry W. Lawton.

Chicago American Indian Oral History Pilot Project.: Chicago American Indian Oral History Project Records, 1982-1985

Reel to reel tapes, cassette tapes, and edited typewritten transcripts of oral interviews with twenty-three long-time American Indian residents of Chicago completed as part of a project conducted under the auspices of the D'Arcy McNickle Center for the History of the American Indian and funded by the Illinois Humanities Council, 1982-1984. Also a published index and finding aid to the transcripts, an unpublished manuscript entitled "Native Voices in the City" incorporating excerpts from the interviews, and cassette tapes of three community meetings sponsored by the project.

Croghan, George, 1720?-1782: George Croghan Letters, 1763-1770

A collection of four letters and one order primarily from Fort Pitt, Penn. relating to Croghan's official duties between 1763 and 1770.,In the first letter dated Mar. 1763 Croghan reports to Sir William Johnson that a draft (unidentified) was completed by his assistant Thomas Hutchins, future geographer of the U.S. In the second letter (copy) dated June 1766 to Gen. Gage, Croghan urges him to encourage the colonial governors to maintain peace with the Indians and mentions his plans for a trip to the Illinois country. A year later in June 1768, Croghan writes to Thomas Wharton, Philadelphia merchant, regarding his unsettled bills, the purchase and survey of 30,000 acres for Wharton et al, and the causes for the delayed negotiations at Fort Stanwix, N.Y. In the fourth letter dated Dec. 1770 to David Franks, another Philadelphia merchant closely associated with Croghan in the western trade, Croghan describes various options for the sale of certain tracts of land. Finally, there is one order to Major Funda (Jelles Fonda) dated June 1769 authorizing the payment of a bill.

Crooks, Ramsay, 1787-1859: Ramsay Crooks correspondence, 1822-1836, bulk 1822.

Fur trader. As general manager of John Jacob Astor's American Fur Company, 1817-1834, Ramsay Crooks was responsible for the opening of the firm's Western Department in 1822 in St. Louis. When Astor sold out in 1834, Crooks purchased the Northern Department of the company and continued to use the American Fur Company name. Correspondence and list of Ramsay Crooks, dating primarily from 1822 and mainly regarding American Fur Company business. Subjects include the reception of trade goods in Philadelphia, the operation of the new Western Department in St. Louis (instructions re trade goods, trader indebtedness, fur shipments, etc.), and the purchase of Missouri and Mississippi River factory skins. Fur company-related correspondents include Samuel Abbott (agent at St. Louis), Robert Stuart (Northern Department official), and James Kennerly (U.S. factory system forwarding agent, 1813-1822). There is also a letter (1836) to Augustin Grignon, a Green Bay trader, regarding documents for a land patent in Upper Canada and other matters.

Cuming, Alexander, Sir, 1690?-1755: Sir Alexander Cuming papers, 1734-1767

Commonplace books, memorials, note, and military appointment of Sir Alexander Cuming, 1734-1767, mainly concerning Cuming's attempts during 1755 to extricate himself from debtors' prison and his past services to the crown.,In addition to the many draft letters and memorials noting Cuming's efforts to bring the Cherokees under British sovereignty, signs of royal favor, etc., there are numerous versions of insolvency claim statements listing properties in South Carolina and the Cherokee region, and variously dated essays and notes on such diverse topics as the conversion of pagans and Jews, visions, national banks, and sums of infinite mathematical series. Correspondents include Stephen Theodore Janssen (Lord Mayor of London), the Lords of the Regency, the Earl of Harrington, William Morehead, and George Lewis Scott. The 1734 military appointment, possibly signed by the first Duke of Newcastle, designates Cumings a captain in an independent company of foot in Jamaica.

Cuoq, J. A. (Jean André), 1821-1898: J.A. Cuoq letters, 1879-1894

Five letters, 1879-1894, from J.A. Cuoq to James Constantine Pilling, an American ethnologist particularly interested in Indian languages, who compiled comprehensive bibliographies on the topic and assembled the renowned library of the Bureau of American Ethnology.,In Cuoq's responses to Pilling's apparent requests for copies of his works, he notes in an 1879 letter that all copies of requested volumes were destroyed in an 1877 fire at Lac-des-Deux-Montagnes. Later notes concern the forwarding of copies of Cuoq's Lexique de la langue iroquoise (published 1882) and Anotc keton (published 1893), which was an appendix to his Grammaire de la langue algonquine.

Curtis, Caleb: Caleb Thomas Curtis Letters, 1836-1838

Nine letters written by Caleb Thomas Curtis of Boston, Massachusetts during his travels by steamboat on the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers.

Cutter, Irving S. (Irving Samuel), 1875-1945: Irving Samuel Cutter Papers, 1884-1934

Mainly research materials (correspondence, biographical information, articles) gathered for an article on Henry Rinalda Porter, a surgeon at the Battle of Little Big Horn, with photographs of Porter, the Custer battlefield, and Indians involved in the fight. Also includes a George Crook letter and sketches by Charles M. Russell.

D'Arcy McNickle Center for the History of the American Indian.: Seeing Indian in Chicago Exhibition Records, 1958-1985

Photographs from the Seeing Indian in Chicago American Indian photography exhibit, July 22-September 21, 1985, Hermon Dunlap Smith Gallery, The Newberry Library. Also exhibition labels.

D'Arcy McNickle Center for the History of the American Indian.: Chicago American Indian Photography Project Photographs, approximately 1950s-1987

Photographs taken by Dan Battise, Ben Bearskin, Orlando Cabanban, Joe Kazumura, F. Peter Weil, and Leroy Wesaw for the Chicago American Indian Photography Project. Images document the social life and customs of the American Indian community in Chicago during the late 1950s to the mid-1980s. Includes many photographs from activities of the American Indian Center. Many of these photographs were displayed in the Hermon Dunlap Smith Gallery at the Newberry Library as part of an exhibition entitled Seeing Indian in Chicago from July 22 to September 21, 1985 (see Ayer Modern MS Seeing Indian).

Dana, James J. (James Jackson), 1821-1898: James J. Dana papers, 1841-1890

Military commissions and appointments, 1841-1882, with some transmittal letters, and an 1890 certificate of membership in the Washington, D.C. Society of the Sons of the American Revolution.,Includes an 1841 Massachusetts Militia commission and nine appointments issued and signed by U.S. Presidents Pierce, Lincoln, Johnson, and Arthur, and Secretary's of War Jefferson Davis, Edwin Stanton, and Robert T. Lincoln to regular and brevet ranks in the 4th Artillery Regiment, 1855-1857, and the Quartermaster's Dept., 1861-1882.

Davis, Jefferson Columbus, 1828-1879: Jefferson Columbus Davis Papers, 1867-1878

Original journals, correspondence, photographs, engravings, newsclippings, together with some typed copies, documenting the career army officer's tenure as military governor of Alaska, 1867-1870, and his and his wife's tour of Mexico in 1878.

Debo, Angie, 1890-1988: Angie Debo Correspondence, 1975-1985

Correspondence, 1975-1981, of Oklahoma Indian historian Angie Debo with Theodore W. and Louann Van Zelst regarding her book, Geronimo, water rights of the Pima Indians of Arizona, and other matters.

Dinsmore, Silas: Silas Dinsmore papers, 1794-1796

Correspondence, certificates, and report, 1794-1796, of Silas Dinsmoor, mainly concerning his duties as resident agent to the Cherokee.,Four letters, Mar.-Oct., 1795, to David Henley, U.S. War Dept. agent, discuss the Cherokee desire for peace with the whites and the continuing problems in that regard caused by Creek raids on white settlements and the whisky trade for stolen horses. Certificates, 1795-1796, issued by Dinsmoor (some also signed by John McKee (Indian agent) and Charles Hicks (interpreter)) concern the supply of goods and services to the Cherokee. Also "Silas Dinsmoors Report Respecting Goods of 1794 the Yearly Stipend of the Cherokees," which lists goods purchased in August, 1793, materials arriving at Knoxville in March, 1794, and items actually delivered to the Cherokee.

Dodge, Richard Irving, 1827-1895: Richard Irving Dodge Papers, 1863-1905

Twenty pocket journals (all but six with transcriptions), 1875-1883, kept during Richard Irving Dodge’s active service as a United States Army colonel in the American West, plus correspondence, military documents, broadsides, miscellany and photographs relating to Dodge’s life and career.

Dousman, Hercules L. (Hercules Louis), 1800-1868: Hercules L. Dousman papers, 1808-1857, bulk 1840-1857

Correspondence, agreements, powers of attorney, accounts, promissory notes, etc., of Hercules Dousman, primarily relating to his fur trade business.,Included are contractual agreements between Dousman, Sibley, and Rolette, and the American Fur Company (1834, 1841) and Pierre Chouteau Jr. & Co. (1842), and Dousman's statements of account (including several for the steamboat Ariel) with the firms. Also a power of attorney, correspondence, and other documents relating to Dousman's efforts to collect the debts of the defunct American Fur Company (1842-1857), and documents related to the settlement of Joseph Rolette's estate (1843-1845). Additional items include a ms. Dakota-English vocabulary, a volume of accounts with named Indians, the printed act of incorporation of the American Fur Company (1808, with certification by N.Y. governor Marcy, 1839), and a packing list of Joshua Palen's fur trade goods (1822).

Dunlop, Richard: Richard Dunlop Papers, 1950-1970

Research materials (photographs copied from originals in other institutions, notes, letters, printed pamphlets) and manuscripts from Dunlop's books on the American West, mainly Wheels West. Also materials from Chicago Corral of Westerners, of which Dunlop was a long-time member. Dunlop, a native Chicagoan and history graduate of Northwestern University, also wrote the Rand McNally Backpacking and Outdoor Guide, Doctors of the American Frontier, and Great Trails of the West.

Easterly, Thomas M. (Thomas Martin), 1809-1882: Thomas Martin Easterly Daguerreotypes, approximately 1845-1849

Fifteen daguerreotypes depicting images of Sauk, Fox, and Iowa Native Americans, as well as two non-native men.

Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library).: Indian land deeds, 1639-1787

Deeds and indentures, 1639-1787, transferring or leasing Indian lands to white inhabitants of Connecticut, Massachusetts, and New York.,Properties are located in Norwalk, Norwich, Ridgefield, and Wethersfield, Conn.; Boston, Charlestown, Rochester, Satucket, Scituate, and Plymouth Colony, Mass.; and Long Island, and Orange, Ulster and Schenectady counties, N.Y. Two deeds (Dec. 23, 1685 and Mar. 5, 1787) are on vellum. There are seals on eleven deeds: New York - Dec. 23, 1685, Mar. 5, 1787; Connecticut - June 5, 1702, Dec. 3, 1708, July 4, 1727, Mar. 7, 1729, Dec. 19, 1739; and Massachusetts - Feb. 18, 1689, Nov. 7, 1691, Feb. 27, 1692, July 11, 1732. Also most documents are signed with the marks of the Indian parties involved.

Edwards, Ninian, 1775-1833: Ninian Edwards letters, 1813-1814

Six letters, Mar. 7, 1813 - Apr. 4, 1814, from Ninian Edwards to Kentucky governor and soldier Isaac Shelby, regarding War of 1812-related Indian attacks in the Illinois Territory and the state of defenses there.,1813 letters discuss mounted volunteer companies raised by Edwards, British intentions regarding the upper Mississippi, Indian attacks on settlers in the U.S. Saline and elsewhere, etc. Warning of an impending Indian-British offensive on Illinois Territory, Edwards' 1814 letters list the numbers of warriors in each tribe available for such a campaign, protest the untimely withdrawl of regular troops from the region, and request the military assistance of Kentuckians.

Einhorn, Arthur: Arthur Einhorn Mohawk Research Collection, 1974-1980

Consists of newspaper clippings, correspondence and newsletters of various organizations pertaining to the occupation of the Moss Lake territory in Northern New York State by the Mohawk Nation beginning in 1974. Also clippings and correspondence regarding a related political controversy, and correspondence and field notes by anthropologist and Native American expert Arthur Einhorn.

Escoto, Salvador P., Dr.: Salvador P. Escoto Papers, approximately 1960-2007

Salvador P. Escoto was a historian and specialist on late 18th century Philippines history, and former editorial associate in the Philippine Studies Program at the University of Chicago. Escoto also taught at St. Francis College and is now retired. Collection includes research materials, microfilm, photocopies of primary sources, notes, and Escoto's published and unpublished works. Most materials pertain to The Life and Times of Simon de Anda, a book that has not yet been published.

Etherington, G. (George), 1722 or 1723-1802: G. Etherington letters, 1763

Seven letters, in French, June 10-July 14, 1763, written by Capt. George Etherington during the period of his captivity at L'Arbre Croche to Charles Langlade at Fort Michilimackinac.,Correspondence concerns the assignment of command of the fort to Langlade and instructions for its operation, the ransom of captive British soldiers, English traders held at the fort, wampum for the Ojibwa, and the assistance of the Ottawa chief, La Fourche.

Faulk, Andrew Jackson, 1814-1898: Andrew Jackson Faulk Letters and Speeches, 1862-1870

Incoming and outgoing correspondence, 1862-1870, of A.J. Faulk, written chiefly during his 1867-1869 governorship of the Dakota Territory concerning U.S. government's intention to stop a proposed expedition to explore and settle unceded Black Hills Indian lands, the Indian Peace Commission, the mustering of volunteer cavalry, appropriations for the relief of destitute upper Missouri tribes, etc. Also, Dec. 1867 annual address to the territorial legislature discussing, among many issues, the Black Hills, the Indian Peace Commission, and the future of the Indian.

Faulk, Andrew Jackson, 1814-1898: Andrew Jackson Faulk Collection of Photographs of the Dakota Territory and Yankton, Santee, and Teton Sioux, approximately 1855-1909

A collection of 56 photographs acquired by Faulk, mostly consisting of large-format albumen prints, but also a few stereographs and carte de visites. Dakota Territory scenes include views of Yankton, its buildings, and its citizens; photographs of Fort Dakota and Fort Randall by B. H. Gurnsey; the Congregational Church and parsonage at Faulkton; the Big Sioux River and Sioux Falls; and Indian camps. The collection also includes 32 oval portraits of Yankton, Brule, Two Kettle, and Santee Sioux chiefs, interpreters, and others, taken during treaty negotiations at the Addis Gallery in Washington, D.C. These photographs are part of the Edward E. Ayer Photograph Collection.

Finden, Edward Francis, 1791-1857: [Arctic Life Portfolio], approximately 1821-1828

Forty-five India proof prints created from sketches and drawings made by members of expeditions lead by Sir William Edward Parry and Sir John Ross to explore the Arctic and to discover a Northwest passage on His Majesty's Ships Helca, Griper, and Fury. Prints are unsigned. Original drawings attributed to Capt. Lyon, Capt. Hoppner, Lt. Beechey, Lt. H. N. Head, and Lt. Back. Engravings and illustrations created by Edward Francis Finden and William Westall. Prints published in London by John Murray from ca. 1821-1828. Prints depict scenes from the expedition as well as the domestic life and customs of the Arctic's indigenous peoples.

Fort Custer (Mont.).: Collection of blueprint photographs of Indians and scenes in and near Fort Custer, Montana, approximately 1896

One photo is of a ms. descriptive list of some of the scenes presented; another is dated May 14, 1896; the final photo is of a ms. inscription: Finis. Fort Custer, Montana. W.C.S.E.E.P.S.

Fowler, Loretta, 1944-: Loretta Fowler Research Papers, 1890-2004

Fieldnotes, interview transcripts and some recordings, research notes, project files, and background research compiled by retired University of Oklahoma anthropologist Loretta Fowler, who focused her studies on the Arapaho of Wyoming, Gros Ventre and Assiniboine of Montana, Arapaho and Cheyenne of Oklahoma, other Plains reservations, Shinnecock of Long Island, and Oaxaca, Mexico. In addition to extensive material on the Cheyenne and Arapaho, there are also interviews and or fieldnotes from Fowler’s work in Oaxaca, Mexico; Shinnecock, Long Island; Wind River Reservation; Fort Belknap, Montana; and the Washita Massacre project. Also copies of Cheyenne and Arapaho interviews from the Doris Duke Project at the University of Oklahoma, and of fieldnotes of other ethnographers (Alfred Kroeber, Inez Hilger, James Mooney, Cleaver Warden, Fred Eggan, and George Dorsey). Project files concern the Fowler’s Tribal Sovereignty Project (2004) and Canton Arapaho Income Differentials Project (1893-1927). Also includes Fred Eggan's 1933 field notes focusing primarily on the Arapaho in Oklahoma; photographs taken by Loretta Fowler in Oaxaca in 1968; and CD copies of Fowler's oral history interviews, which were originally recorded on cassette tape (1981-1984).

Frederick, Monroe Quamahongiva, 1897-1985: [Monroe Frederick Paintings and Drawings], approximately 1910-1920

Three oil on canvas paintings and twelve watercolor drawings on paper of various sizes housed in one green portfolio and two red clamshell boxes. Paintings and drawings are attributed to Monroe Quamahongiva Frederick, a Hopi artist. Tribes depicted include the Navajo, Crow, and Hopi. Subjects of paintings include American Indian portraits, pueblos, the southwest, dress, and copies of work by E. Irving Crouse and Elbridge Ayer Burbank.

Freeman, Emma B., 1880-1928: Emma B. Freeman photographs of Yurok and Hupa Indians, 1914-1918

Posed images of Yurok and Hupa Indians taken in the studio and in outdoor settings in Eureka and Humboldt County, 1914-1918.,Soft-focused and stylized, the portraits are not accurate representations of Indian dress or ways. Included are images of Robert Spott, Bertha Stevens, Vivian Chase, Hazel Ferris, Grace Wayman, and Ed. Pearch. There are also a few shots of older Indians taken at the Hoopa and Klamath reservations, and there is one portrait of Emma B. Freeman.

Galphin, George, -1780: George Galphin Letters, 1778-1780

Outgoing correspondence from South Carolina of the Indian trader and Revolutionary patriot while serving as commissioner of Indian affairs. The purpose was to inform Benjamin Lincoln, commander of the Southern Department, of the current situation with the Creek Indians and his efforts to maintain their friendship.

Gayford, Peter T.: Peter T. Gayford Collection, 1829-2013

Papers relating to the essays and projects of Peter T. Gayford. Includes Gayford's CCFPD Preservation Project, which includes hand drawn maps of the Cook County Forest Preserve. Also included are several essays written by Gayford, one of which pertains to Billy Caldwell, a British-Potawatomi fur trader. The remaining bulk of the collection consists of photocopies provided by the National Archives and Records Administration and the U.S. Department of the Interior. These include documents relating to the negotiation of the Treaty of July 29, 1829 with the United Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatomi Indians (also known as the Prairie du Chien treaty); Billy Caldwell's Chicago River Reserve Land Patent; and numerous letters, deeds, and petitions regarding the sale of reservations and distribution of land under the 1829 Treaty, which included the reserves of Claude Laframboise, the Ouilmette Family, Victoire Pothier, Jane Miranda, and Alexander Robinson. Also includes the final addition to Gayford's CCFPD Preservation Project, which details investigated sites within the Cook Country Forest Preserve District and includes maps (hand-drawn and printed), photographs, notes, and reports.

Graff, Everett D. (Everett Dwight), 1885-1964: Everett D. Graff Papers, 1921-1964, bulk 1930-1960

Chicago steel company executive, philanthropist, Western Americana collector, and Newberry Library president of the Board of Trustees, 1953-1964, who near the end of his term donated his Western Americana collection to the library. Graff's papers include correspondence and financial records relating to his purchases of and research on Western Americana, and also published reports of historical societies, clippings, typescripts, membership cards and photographs.

Gray, John S. (John Stephens), 1910-1991: John S. Gray Research Papers, 1942-1991

Meticulous research notes, writings, and correspondence of Dr. John S. Gray, Professor of Physiology at Northwestern University and a member of the Chicago Corral of Westerners. Dr. Gray's research focuses on the American West, particularly U.S. - Indian relations.

Greenwood, Thomas J., 1908-1988: Tom Greenwood Papers, 1960-1986

Papers of Thomas J. Greenwood, Housing Chairman of the American Indian Chicago Conference, sponsored by the University of Chicago in June, 1961. Mostly printed material consisting of correspondence, articles and pamphlets that relate to Indian policy in general and specifically the Conference, its preparation and its aftermath, as well as a few miscellaneous Indian-related items. Includes an autobiographical letter from Tom Greenwood to anthropologist Brian Bardy, and a videotaped conversation between Greenwood and Bardy in 1986.

Grierson, Benjamin Henry, 1826-1911: Benjamin Henry Grierson Papers, 1865-1890

Volunteer military officer during the Civil War, organizer of the U.S. Army Tenth Cavalry in 1866, commander of various Western army posts and active in opening the Western frontier until retirement in 1890. Grierson’s papers consist of correspondence (including over a hundred letters to his wife, Alice Kirk Grierson), documents such as orders, reports and maps and other military material, as well as personal miscellany relating to his service in the Western Territories. Microfilm copy available in the Newberry Library.

Grover, Frank R., 1858-1919: Frank R. Grover Papers, 1905-1908

Correspondence, manuscript and typewritten, by amateur historian Frank Grover to and from members of Antoine Ouilmette’s family inquiring into the ethnicity of Ouilmette. Also includes two copies, one with annotations, of Grover's Some Indian Land Marks of the North Shore.

Hackett, Fred B., approximately 1880-1975: Fred B. Hackett Papers, 1882-1963

Materials pertaining to Fred B. Hackett, a member of the Chicago Corral of The Westerners, who, for a time, lived and worked among the Oglala Sioux at the Pine Ridge reservation in South Dakota. The material includes a report of the proceedings of the council held on September 21-22, 1903 at Pine Ridge Agency in South Dakota between Congressman E. W. Martin and the delegates of five different tribes of Indians, relative to the Black Hills treaty of 1876; a typed description of the Sun Dance held at Pine Ridge in 1929 to which Fred Hackett was witness; and approximately 180 photographs, the majority of which portray the Sioux Indians in South Dakota. The photographs range from as early as 1882 to as late as 1963.

Hamilton, Philip, 1802-1884: Louis McLane Hamilton collection, 1867-1869

Correspondence, extracts of reports, printed obituaries and resolutions, newspaper clippings, 1867-1867, possibly collected by Benson John Lossing, concerning the life of Capt. Louis McLane Hamilton and his death at the Battle of Washita. Includes correspondence of Philip Hamilton (father) to Lossing, and Robert Mayhew West (forwarding copy of 7th Cavalry resolution on Hamilton's death to the Poughkeepsie Daily Eagle); ms. extracts from Custer's July 6, 1867, order praising Hamilton's actions; printed obituaries from New York newspapers; a printed copy of the West letter and accompanying resolution; and a newspaper articles containing Custer's report to Gen. W.T. Sherman on the battle.

Hanks, Jane Richardson, 1908-: Jane Richardson Hanks Kiowa Papers, 1935-1968

Correspondence, field notes, and writings of anthropologist Jane Richardson Hanks, mainly documenting her 1935 graduate student field work with the Kiowa Indians in Oklahoma.

Hatch, Edward, 1832-1889: Edward Hatch letters, 1867-1870

Born in Bangor, Me., and educated in Norwich, Vt., Edward Hatch emigrated ca. 1852 to Muscatine, Iowa, where he operated a lumberyard (Hatch & Fullerton). After serving with distinction in the Civil War, Hatch on July 28, 1866, was commissioned colonel of one of two new colored cavalry regiments, the 9th U.S. Cavalry. He commanded the regiment for twenty-three years, serving nine years on the Texas frontier before assuming command of the Department of New Mexico (1876-1881). He died at Fort Robinson, Neb., Apr. 11, 1889. Nine letters, 1867-1870, from Hatch to his friend, Muscatine insurance and real estate agent, Thomas D. Smith, regarding the activities of his regiment in Texas and the sale of his Muscatine, Iowa, properties.,Letters discuss the training of troops, the protection of wagon roads from Indian attacks, skirmishes with Comanche, Kiowa, Mescalero, Apache, and Kickapoo bands, a trip to Chihuahua, Mexico, army reductions, and Hatch's presidency of court martials and military tribunals.

Haupt, Herman: Herman Haupt papers, 1897-1921

Born in 1852 in Philadelphia; son of inventor and civil engineer Herman Haupt. Also author of The Yellowstone National Park : a complete guide ... New York : J.M. Stoddart, c1883. Manuscript copy of "North American Indians : ethnology of the Dakota,-Sioux,-and Ojibway,-Chippeway-Indians ... Phoenix Edition. 1897," a typewritten excerpt from it, and correspondence (1903, 1919-1921) with Edward E. Ayer, W.N.C. Carlton, and Clara Smith at the Newberry Library, regarding it.,The manuscript (344 leaves) deals mainly with the Dakota Sioux and the Ojibwa of Wisconsin and Minnesota and is illustrated with 277 pen and ink drawings and one map. Covering history, dwellings, domestic habits, games, traditions and legends, dress and ornament, medicine, laws, religion, war and weapons, and death and burial practices, the work was written originally over a period of ten years, lost in a fire on the Pennsylvania Railroad, and painstakingly reconstructed as the "Phoenix Edition" by Haupt. Lacking funds to publish his manuscript, Haupt offered it to Ayer in 1903, and corresponded with the Newberry, 1919-1921, regarding efforts to have it published by the Smithsonian Bureau of American Ethnology.

Havighurst, Robert J. (Robert James), 1900-1991: Robert James Havighurst Papers, 1940-1980

University of Chicago professor and education scholar who directed the National Study of American Indian Education, a comprehensive, national fact-finding study on the education of American Indians, from 1968-1971. Collection contains reports and research materials (student surveys, interview transcriptions, etc.) pertaining to this study.

Hawkins, Benjamin, 1754-1816: Benjamin Hawkins letters, 1797-1812

North Carolina planter, U.S. senator, and Indian agent. Letters concerning southern Indian affairs, 1796-1812, from Hawkins to Col. David Henley, U.S. War Dept. agent based in Knoxville; James Jackson, governor of Georgia, 1798-1801; and Harry Toulmin, a prominent Mobile resident and later federal judge in the Mississippi Territory.,Subjects include setting the boundary line between the U.S. and the Creek Nation along the Clinch River and settlers on Indian lands there (1797); horse thefts and Creeks spoiled by British and Spanish gifts (1798); Florida depradations of William Augustus Bowles, a self-styled director-general of the Creek Nation (1800); and punishment of Creek Indians for murders committed on the post road, relations with Spanish Florida, and Seminole attacks (1812).

Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823: John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder letters, 1790-1822

A small collection of correspondence (seven letters) written by Heckewelder from his home in Bethlehem, Pa. to three individuals between the years 1790 and 1822.,The largest group of letters were written to William Alexander, a surveyor residing in Carlisle, Pa., dated 23 March 1790 to 8 Feb. 1791. In these letters Heckewelder engages the services of Alexander to survey five warrents of land (650 acres) in eastern Ohio purchased by Heckewelder and others. He also instructs Alexander to layout these warrents "on a good rich spot, and as near the Christian Indians Tract as possible." Also included in this collection are two other letters - one to Noah Worcester (Corresponding Secretary of the Massachusetts Peace Society) in 1818 and the other to John Huffnagle (Philadelphia merchant) in 1822. In the letter to Worcester, Heckewelder describes the peace efforts and mission of the Moravian Church. And in a short letter to Huffnagle, he mentions his grafting attempts of fruit trees and his failing health.

Hillers, John K., 1843-1925: John K. Hillers Photographs of Zuni, Hopi and Rio Grande River Pueblos in New Mexico and Arizona, 1879-1882

From 1879 to 1882, John K. Hillers traveled to the Southwest with Frank Hamilton Cushing and James Stevenson under the auspices of the Bureau of American Ethnology. This collection of 72 photographic prints consists of Hillers’ photographic record of the pueblos, archeological ruins, and peoples of Arizona and New Mexico taken during this trip. These photographs are part of the Edward E. Ayer Photograph Collection.

Hopkins, Rienzi: Letter to Steuben Jenkins, January 14, 1864

January 1864 letter from Rienzi Hopkins to his friend, Steuben Jenkins, describing life in Calaveras County, California.

Hoxie, Frederick E., 1947-: Frederick E. Hoxie Papers, 1989-2012

Additions to Hoxie's papers. Includes documents cited in Hoxie's Expert Witness Report (The U.S. States Department of Justice requested that Hoxie prepare a report on the circumstances surrounding the negotiation and ratification of the Saginaw Chippewa Treaties of 1855 and 1864); information and correspondence regarding Penguin Press' publication of Hoxie's book; miscellaneous information regarding the 2000 presidential election and the candidates' stances on Native American issues; documents (e.g. xeroxed reports, handwritten notes, etc.) used in writing "This Indian Country," Hoxie's 2012 book; 2 binders pertaining to the 2003 Lannan Summer Institute in American Studies "American Indian Political Activism Prior to WWII"; and handouts and misc. material for the National Museum of the American Indian's Board of Trustees.

Hoxie, Frederick E., 1947-: Frederick E. Hoxie Papers, 1989-1995

Director of the D'Arcy McNickle Center for American Indian History at the Newberry Library, 1983-1994, and Swanlund Professor of History at the University of Illinois, 1994-. Hoxie's papers consist of correspondence, board of trustee files, and administrative files relating to his work with the National Museum of the American Indian, and a museum manuscript, All Roads are Good: Native Voices on Life and Culture.

Hudson, Grace Carpenter, 1865-1937: Photographic copies of Grace Carpenter Hudson's paintings of Pomo Indians, ca. 1920-ca. 1937

Black and white gelatin photographic prints (ca. 1920-1937), captioned with numbers and mounted on sheets of cardboard, of Grace Carpenter Hudson's paintings of Pomo Indians.,Included are portraits and scenes, primarily of children, but also of adults. The children are often depicted with dogs or other animals.

Huffman, L. A. (Laton Alton), 1854-1931 : L.A. Huffman photographs, 1883-1907

Sixteen photographic portraits of Indians and photographs of scenes in the West by Huffman, a professor of journalism (University of Illinois, Northwestern University, University of Denver) and western frontier historian.

Indian Council Fire (Organization : U.S.).: Indian Council Fire Records, 1923-1988

Papers, correspondence, scrapbooks, clippings, photographs, and publications of the Indian Council Fire, a Chicago-based organization supporting educational, legislative, and social services for urban and reservation Indians.

Inman, Henry, 1837-1899 : [Drawings for The Old Santa Fe Trail], approximately 1890-1897

Nineteen pen and ink drawings on board of varying sizes, largely unsigned with the exception of one drawing signed "C. F. Tiedemann 93," and another initialed "CFT." Fourteen of the drawings can be found as tail pieces and initials within Henry Inman's The Old Santa Fe Trail (New York: The Macmillan Company, 1897), a work that charts the illustrious history of the Santa Fe Trail, a nineteenth century transportation route that connected Franklin, Missouri with Santa Fe, New Mexico. These works offer insight into nineteenth century illustration, transportation, as well as the history and cultural appeal of the American West.

Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942: W. H. Jackson Photochrom Print Collection, 1898-1906

Color lithographic prints, made using the "Photochrom" process, published by Detroit Photographic Company from negatives made by W.H. Jackson.

Jennings, Francis, 1918-2000 : Francis Jennings Papers, approximately 1940-2000

Colonial historian and former director of the Newberry Library D'Arcy McNickle Center, 1976-1981, who after a teaching and union activities in Philadelphia, and investigation by the House Committee on UnAmerican Activities, returned to graduate school, received in Ph.D. in history in 1965, and began a distinguished academic career. Jennings's first book, The Invasion of America, published in 1975, explored the violence and brutality of European settlement. Jennings's papers include correspondence, writings, subject files, course papers from the 1950s, bibliographies, and much other material.

Johns, William Douglas, 1858-1942: William Douglas Johns Papers, 1895-approximately 1941

Typescript of an undated manuscript entitled The Early Yukon, Alaska and the Klondike Discovery, written by Seattle journalist and gold prospector William Douglas Johns. Also, 49 photographs to accompany Johns’ draft of the book which includes the early history of Alaska, the development of the gold rush, life in the mining camps and in Dawson City, and Johns’ own explorations and hardships while traveling in the region starting in 1895.

Johnson, Charles B., 1819-1870: Charles B. Johnson Papers, 1841-1888

Military and Indian provision contractor and quartermaster's agent. Correspondence, agreements, orders, accounts, reports, returns, receipts, etc. concerning his work with the Indians of the Wichita Agency and the Seminole and Osage tribes in northern Texas, Arkansas, and Indian Territory.

Johnson, William, 1715-1774: Sir William Johnson Letters, 1755-1773

Miscellaneous collection of twelve letters written by Sir William Johnson, military commander during the French and Indian War and Superintendent of Indian Affairs, who played a significant role in the colonial history of New York. Correspondence relates to the French and Indian War, Indian treaties and conferences, the Conestoga Massacre (1763), land patents, and the appointment of Johnson's successor.

Josephy, Alvin M., 1915-2005: Alvin M. Josephy, Jr. Sioux Indian Interview Cassettes, 1982-1983

Recorded interviews made by Alvin M. Josephy, Jr., historian of American Indian affairs, and also war correspondent, screenwriter, and government consultant. Includes 40 cassette tapes of interviews conducted during 1982 and 1983 with reservation Sioux Indians in Montana, North and South Dakota, Minnesota, and Nebraska, and with urban and off-reservation Sioux in such places as Oakland, Los Angeles, Rapid City, Pierre, and Tucson. Interviews were undertaken for a National Geographic Magazine article on the Sioux, and cover interviewees' biographical information as well as all facets of their contemporary lives.

Judge, Sybil: Judge, Sybil. Letter to Charles Alexander Eastman, Apr. 5, 1928, 1927-1928

Letter from Sybil Judge to Dr. Charles Alexander Eastman, dated April 5, 1928. Also included is a bound copy of the Connaught Club Rules, 1927. Eastman was staying at the Connaught Club at the time the letter was written.

Karrow, Robert W.: Robert Karrow Research Papers, 1980-1990

Primarily of photocopies of printed and archival material relating to the U. S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (1869-1884), its director, George M. Wheeler, other staff of the survey, and to the use of the electric telegraph for longitude determination in the 19th century. Also seminar papers and notes, 1986-1988.

Keagle, G. R.: Keagle, G.R. My account of my trip across the Plains., 1866

Civil War veteran G.R. Keagle's diary detailing his journey from West Point, Iowa to Glendale, Nevada, April 16 - August 19, 1866. This volume is a copy of the original prepared in 1868 after the original was damaged in a flood.

Kendall, Nathan R.: Nathan Kendall and Abby J. Reed Kendall Papers, 1842-1912

Correspondence, writings, documents of Nathan Kendall and wife Abby J. Reed Kendall of Massachusetts, Indiana and Illinois, including many letters to each other before and after marriage in 1857, as well as numerous letters to and from members of their families, friends and former students. Some correspondence and documents concern travel to California begun in 1849.

Kern, Richard H., 1821-1853: The Far West : Explorations of the Country from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean by Gunnison, Fremont, and Beckwith (1853-1854), 1853-1856

Album of mounted and unsigned manuscript sketches, views and panoramas of the American West. They are mostly attributed to Richard H. Kern but also to F. W. Egloffstein and possibly to S.N. Carvalho. These artists were members of expeditions of 1853 and 1854 which were assembled to explore, survey and map the 38th and 39th parallels in order to ascertain the most practicable and economical route for a railroad from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean.

Kimball, Solon Toothaker, 1909-1982: Solon Toothaker Kimball Papers, 1902-1981

Research notes, writings, correspondence and photographs of anthropologist and educator Solon Toothaker Kimball, primarily relating to his work in Ireland (1930's) and among the Navajo (1936-1942). Also includes numerous source materials, particularly extensive newspaper clippings.

Lee, John Thomas: John Thomas Lee Letters, 1888-1916

Four letters to John Thomas Lee from Walter Deane, Mrs. John B. Thacher and John Larkin Winship, 1909-1916. Also, one letter from Charles Deane to Robert C. Winthrop, 1888, and a printed obituary for Walter Deane.

Lee, John Thomas: John Thomas Lee Papers, 1907-1932

Thirty letters to Wisconsin historian John Thomas Lee from various scholars, librarians and booksellers, concerning his work on a bibliography of Jonathan Carver’s Travels through the Interior parts of North America, first published in London in 1778. Also, a letter from Grace Raymond Hebard concerning 1932 publication of The Pathbreakers, and a wax impression of a seal supposedly used at the signing of the Webster-Ashburton Treaty.

Mather, Thomas, 1794-1853: Thomas Mather Papers, 1825-1886

Letters, diaries, account book, map and biographical sketch, most in connection with Mather’s activities as one of three commissioners appointed by the government to survey and mark a route from Missouri to Santa Fe in 1825.

McGrath, John Patrick: John Patrick McGrath Family Papers, 1944-1993

The John Patrick McGrath Family Papers contain materials created by John Patrick McGrath and his wife Adrienne McGrath. The papers include John Patrick McGrath's correspondence during his service in World War II, his manuscripts, Adrienne McGrath's photographic materials, and scrapbooks.

McGuire, T. P.: McGuire, T. P. Letter to his brother from Idaho Territory, June 1, 1864

Letter from T. P. McGuire to his brother, written in Plaseverell [i.e. Placerville], Idaho Territory on June 1, 1864.

McNally, Andrew, 1836-1904: Andrew McNally album of photographs of a trip to New Mexico, Arizona, and the Grand Canyon, ca. 1897

Album of photographic prints, documenting a trip through New Mexico, Arizona, and the Grand Canyon, probably around 1897, by Andrew McNally, and a group which may have included his eleven year-old grandson, Andrew McNally II, and possibly photographers W.H. Jackson and C.A. Higgins, whose signed photographs of the McNallys are contained in the album.

McNary, Oliver Clarkson: O. C. McNary papers, 1873-1886, bulk 1882-1886.

Printed and handwritten army orders, 1882-1886, and letters written by O.C. McNary during 1885 from Indian Territory to his family in Kansas and Pennsylvania.,From Camp Russel, Fort Reno, and a camp at Skelton Ranch, McNary's correspondence documents his trips via ambulance and mules throughout the Indian Territory. He describes road conditions, the Ponca and Oto agencies and Indians, a prairie fire, a visit with friends in Arkansas City, and the murder of a Chickasaw Indian by outlaws at Silver City. Letters also discuss Cheyenne Indian troubles at the Cheyenne and Arapahoe Agency near Fort Reno, the crookedness of the agent there (D.B. Dyer), the resulting inspection trip by Gen. Sheridan, and McNary's part in arrangements for the general's visit. Additionally, there are letters (1885-1886) regarding McNary's application for a surgeon's position at the National Home for Disabled Volunteers in Fort Leavenworth and other miscellany.

McNickle, D'Arcy, 1904-1977 : D'Arcy McNickle Papers, 1913-1986

Literary and scholarly manuscripts, diaries, correspondence, and other materials of D'Arcy McNickle, American Indian author, government employee, community organizer, anthropologist, and historian. Records cover McNickle's work with the Bureau of Indian Affairs, American Indian Development, Inc., the University of Saskatchewan, and the Center for the History of the American Indian at the Newberry Library.

Miller, Helen Miner: Helen Miner Miller Papers on the Wisconsin Winnebago, 1881-1979

Letters, documents, reports, and other materials created, collected and saved by Wisconsin Winnebago Business Committee official Helen Miner Miller during and after the process of formally organizing the Wisconsin Winnebago Tribe under the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934. There is also considerable material regarding governance and programs to improve the educational opportunities and economic conditions of tribal members during the middle decades of the 20th century. Also tribal newsletters, periodicals, writings and reports concerning the Wisconsin Winnebago.

Mitchell, David Brydie, 1766-1837: David Brydie Mitchell Papers, 1777-1843

Incoming and outgoing correspondence (including 42 letters from Georgia politician William H. Crawford, 1808-1822), mainly covering Mitchell’s two tenures as Georgia governor and during his appointment by President Madison as Creek Indian agent, 1817-1821. Content concerns national and local politics, foreign affairs, military matters and the approaching War of 1812, the Yazoo land fraud, Florida history, attitudes and actions towards African-Americans and Indians, and Mitchell’s attempts to deal with accusations of smuggling slaves to Alabama. Also, a miscellany of documents and correspondence mostly relating to the Creek Agency.

Montezuma, Carlos, 1866-1923: Carlos Montezuma Papers, 1888-1936

Mostly correspondence, but also writings, miscellaneous documents and memorabilia, clippings and photographs relating to Indian rights activist and physician Carlos Montezuma of Arizona and Chicago, Illinois.

Morrison, Scott Kayla: Scott Kayla Morrison Papers, 1945-1996

Papers of attorney and activist Scott Kayla Morrison mostly pertaining to Mississippi Choctaw Indians, and including Constitutions, legal documents, and Morrison's MA thesis.

Newberry Library.: Native Americans in Film Collection, 1912-2018

Collection of movie scripts featuring Native American themes, characters, and actors, augmented by a variety of visual materials. Consists of over 300 items including scripts, press and promotional booklets, lobby cards, posters, and photographs.

Norton, John, 1770-1827: John Norton papers, 1804-1816,bulk 1804-1810

Schoolmaster, interpreter, Mohawk chief, army officer, and author; also known as Teyoninhokarawen.,Probably born in Scotland of Cherokee and Scottish parents, Norton was adopted by the Mohawk chief, Joseph Brant, as nephew, deputy, and successor (appointed non-hereditary chief for war and diplomacy in 1799). Addresses and correspondence of John Norton, with speeches and petitions of the Grand River Indians, chiefly dating 1804-1810.,Includes a contemporary copy of "The address of Teyoninkokarowen ... to the Mohawk Indians," written ca. 1805 by Norton to introduce his translation of the Gospel of John. Also a letter book containing copies of Norton's correspondence with British reformers (John Owen, Robert Barclay, William Wilberforce, Samuel Thornton) and with colonial administrators (William Claus, Francis Gore); and speeches and memorials of the council and chiefs of the Five Nations. Topics include: 1804-1805 England trip; Grand River land grant; conflicts with Claus; plans for Indian uplift; Mohawk gospel; and 1809-1810 Cherokee country tour. Also miscellaneous correspondence, extracts of correspondence, speeches, and newsclippings, all apparently stored in the letterbook.

Oneida Nation of New York.: New York (State) treaties with the Oneida Nation, 1788-1811

This collection includes five treaties and two supporting documents, one indenture and one agreement, between New York State and the Oneida Nation for the cession of certain tribal lands, executed between 1788 and 1811. In these treaties the Oneida Indians eventually sold much of their reservation lands primarily held in Madison and Oneida counties, N.Y. Each treaty generally describes the land to be purchased, the terms of the sale, and the names and signatures of all parties involved in the negotiations. The following treaty dates and locations are included in this collection: Sept. 22, 1788 (Fort Stanwix), June 1, 1798 (Oneida village), June 4, 1802 (Oneida village), Mar. 3, 1810 (Albany), Feb. 27, 1811 (Albany).

Oxley, Thomas Jefferson, -1857: Thomas Jefferson Oxley letters, 1850-1853

Thomas J. Oxley, after 1855, became heavily involved in California politics. He was a Whig and later a Know-nothing leader and a member of the state legislature. In 1857, he joined Henry A. Crabb in the ill-fated filibustering expedition into Sonora as surgeon-general. He was among those who lost their lives before the Mexican firing squads at Caborca. Oxley's letters to his family describe his overland journey to California, his difficulties and delights of living in California and the details of operating a medical practice, particularly in Columbia, California.

Parker, Dorothy R. (Dorothy Ragon), 1927-: Dorothy R. Parker D'Arcy McNickle Research Papers, 1863-1989

Correspondence and writings of author and activist D'Arcy McNickle collected by Dorothy R. Parker during research for her book, Singing an Indian Song: A Biography of D'Arcy McNickle (1992). Other materials include project summaries, photographs, legal papers, passports, and documentary information.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895: Ely Samuel Parker Scrapbooks, 1828-1894

Twelve scrapbooks, containing newspaper clippings and illustrations regarding Indian affairs, presumably kept by Ely Samuel Parker, who was U.S. Commissioner of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, 1869-1871. Also contains a few letters and reproductions of photos in the clippings.

Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895: Ely Samuel Parker papers, ca. 1850-1885

Seneca sachem, engineer, soldier, and first native American commissioner of Indian affairs, 1869-1871. Speeches, lecture notes, and correspondence, ca. 1850-1885, of Ely Samuel Parker, regarding Indian customs and traits, the Indian policies of government and religious bodies, and his own background.,Includes an undated July 4th address re temperance; lecture notes (ca. 1850) on Indian dances, games, and social and domestic habits; an address (ca. 1878) containing autobiographical notes and commentary on white Indian policy from the Pilgrims to the early 19th century; and lecture notes (1885) on Indian clans. Also two letters, one, ca. 1885, addressed to his friend, the poet and writer Harriet Maxwell Converse, denouncing the civilizing efforts of organized religion and the U.S. policies of allotment and citizenship.

Parman, Donald Lee, 1932-: Donald Lee Parman Papers, 1909-1990

Navajo-Hopi land dispute research files of historian Donald Lee Parman, including many paper copies of materials from the National Archives.

Parsons, G. W. (George W.): G.W. Parsons photographs of Osage Indians, ca. 1880-ca. 1900

Studio photographs, ca. 1880-ca. 1900, of Osage Indians posed as individuals and family groups. With the exception of Red Eagle, Minnie Deloria, and Bilie Connor, the Indians are unidentified. There is also one outdoor shot with the caption "War Dance."

Pasztory, Esther: Esther Pasztory Papers, 1965-2013

Papers of Columbia University professor of Pre-Columbian art history Esther Pasztory, mostly related to her research and academic career which focused on Teotihuacan, and Aztec and Mayan art. Includes her unpublished manuscripts, lecture transcripts and audio and video tapes, seminar syllabi and notes, correspondence, remembrances of Professors Paul Wingert, Douglas Fraser, and Gordon Ekholm, reviews of her books, lecture transcripts and audio and videotapes. Pasztory came to the United States in 1956, and there are also letters from Hungary and a memoir. Also includes transcriptions from 1987 lectures concerning Meso-American architecture; two video cassette tapes, one labeled "West by Nonwest #5" and the other "Worldwise - Guest: Esther Pasztory"; two notebooks from 1979 containing notes regarding regions in Mexico; programs for the May 17, 2013 symposium held in honor of Professor Pasztory; and various folders containing notes pertaining to topics such as Tenochtitlan, the Aztecs, Chichen, Xochicalco, Oaxaca, the Mayans, and Palenque. Also included in the collection are three boxes of Professor Pasztory's professional correspondence dated 1967-1985, her personal diary, 1974-2011, and other personal correspondence and school papers.

Payne, John Howard, 1791-1852: John Howard Payne Papers, 1794-1842

Material collected in the 1830s and 1840s by actor, playwright and editor John Howard Payne, relating to American Indians, primarily concerning the Cherokees for Payne's intended history of the Cherokee Nation. Collection consists of fourteen volumes of correspondence, manuscript notes, transcriptions, extensive historical research, memoranda, and published and unpublished documents.

Perry, Henry: Henry Perry letters, 1849-1850

Letters (Jan. 24, 1849-May 28, 1850) written from New York City, Rio de Janeiro, Valparaiso, San Francisco, and Sacramento by Henry Perry to his Bridgeport family (parents Mr. and Mrs. David Perry, sister Emmeline, and brothers Alf, Tom, and Frederick), regarding his experiences en route to San Francisco, his return voyage from Hawaii, and economic and living conditions in gold rush San Francisco and Sacramento.,Of particular interest are accounts of robberies in Sacramento, and pen drawings of miner attire, accommodations, and implements. Also news of family acquaintances in California and requests for newspapers and news of family and friends in Connecticut.

Pettrich, Ferdinand, 1798-1872: [Pettrich Sketchbook], approximately 1842

Thirty-five drawings in ink and wash on paper and one page of text from a formerly bound sketchbook of Ferdinand Friedrich Pettrich. The drawings feature portrait depictions of American Indians, including members of the Sac and Fox, Creek, Sioux, and Winnebago tribes.

Pickering, Timothy, 1745-1829 : Timothy Pickering letters, 1795-1798

Correspondence, dating mainly from 1795, of the secretary of war, Timothy Pickering, primarily with David Henley, War Dept. agent in the Territory of the United States, South of the River Ohio, but also with David Campbell, William Blount, and John McNairy, regarding Indian and militia affairs in what is now Tennessee.,Much of the 1795 correspondence, including an extract of a letter to Gov. Blount and an Aug. 28, 1795, letter to Judge David Campbell, concerns the U.S. refusal to support the Chickasaws in a war with the Creeks, Pickering's rebuke of Blount for inciting the conflict, and his attempts to mollify the Chickasaw chief, William Colbert. Other matters include the shipment of goods for the Chickasaws, the appointment of an Indian factor, James Byers, for the Tellico Blockhouse, and frauds committed by contractors supplying the Indians. Two of the letters are written together with Oliver Wolcott, the secretary of the treasury.

Pilling, James Constantine, 1846-1895 : James Constantine Pilling Letters, 1881-1894

Ethnologist, linguist, and bibliographer James Constantine Pilling's incoming correspondence, 1881-1894, with U.S. and Canadian missionaries, church officials, ethnologists, historians, and others regarding Indian languages, publications in Indian languages, and missionaries to the Indians. 56 items total.

Powell, Peter J., 1928-: Father Peter J. Powell Papers, 1957-2020

Papers of Father Peter J. Powell, Episcopal priest in charge of St. Augustine's Indian Center in Chicago since 1961, Cheyenne scholar, and longtime Newberry Library fellow. Papers include his correspondence from the 1970s-2000s, personal correspondence, friends correspondence, Crow correspondence, and Lakota and Pawnee correspondence. Also includes files of persons related to his research and writing, Cheyenne distribution files, and files concerning his works, People of the Sacred Mountain and Sweet Medicine.

Powell, Peter J., 1928-: St. Augustine's Center for American Indians Records, 1957-2016

Records of the Saint Augustine's Center for American Indians in Chicago, which provided casework and supportive services for the city’s Native American community, 1961-2006. The Center was founded by Father Peter J. Powell to offer social services to American Indian families newly arrived in Chicago as part of the BIA’s Indian Relocation Program. This federal program moved Indian families from the reservations to major cities, arranged for housing and jobs, and withdrew assistance after six months. The Center’s work grew, and in 1964 Saint Augustine's became the first Indian center to receive a War on Poverty grant to train Native American counselors and provide direct assistance to families. Additional services were later added including the Bo-Sho-Ne-Gee Drop-In Center to provide alcohol counseling, and the Indian Child Welfare and Operation Excel programs for youth. In 1973, Father Powell realized his goal to place the Center in Native American hands when he stepped down and was succeeded as Director by Amy Skenandore of the Stockbridge Muncee Nation of Wisconsin. Later directors included Matt Pilcher (Winnebago), Elmira McClure (Prairie-Band Potawatomi) and Arlene Williams (Oneida). By 2006 when intensive casework/counseling services were discontinued, three generations and over 6,000 different Native American families and individuals had been served. Since then the staff has worked with the homeless of all races in Uptown Chicago, offering meals, alcohol counseling, and a daily Holy Mass.

Pratt, Ann Agatha Walker, 1829-1908: Reminiscences of Mrs. A. Agatha Pratt, approximately 1907

The original memoir of a Mormon pioneer who arrived in Utah in 1847, one of the wives of Mormon Apostle Parley Pratt. Looking back over nearly eighty years, Ann Agatha Pratt discusses the character of her husband and their life together, the journey across the Great Plains in 1847, and her own experience in helping to build the first road in Parley’s Canyon, Utah. This unique item complements the Newberry’s strengths in Western Americana and Mormon history, particularly the journey from Nauvoo, Illinois, to Salt Lake City.

Rodger, John, 1735-1812: Rodgers Family Papers, 1773-1925

Correspondence, essays, financial and legal documents, genealogies, journals, newspaper clippings, and four photographs relating to the Rodgers family, descendants of Rev. John Rodger (1735-1812). The papers document the life of an American pioneer family in Virginia, Kansas, Illinois, Iowa, Oregon, New Mexico, and California, and cover topics such as farming life, homestead claims, politics, livestock and grain industries, and religion. There is an overland journal penned by Andrew Rodgers, Jr., 1845, who traveled to Oregon and was killed in the Whitman massacre of 1847. Other family names include Davidson, Graham, Ireland, and Letcher.

Roth, George, 1940-: George Roth Papers on American Indians of the Southwest, 1969-1987

Collection of George Roth, retired Cultural Anthropologist of the Bureau of Indian Affairs contains materials relating to American Indians of the Southwest. Mostly newsletters, clippings, periodicals, pamphlets, press releases, and newspapers related to American Indian policy, education, and legislation in the Southwest.

Ruxton, George Frederick, 1820-1848: George Frederick Augustus Ruxton papers, ca. 1839-1948

Collection includes correspondence, photographs, newspaper clippings, manuscript notes, drafts, copies, etc., mostly relating to Ruxton's travels in America.

Salabiye, Velma: Velma Salabiye Papers, 1980-1995

Navajo librarian involved in promoting American Indian librarianship and evaluating major American Indian collections. Papers include research material for American Indian Bibliography that Salabiye worked on with John Aubrey of the Newberry Library.

Saylor family: Saylor and Smith Family Papers, 1862-1971

Family papers including correspondence, photographs, and genealogical research materials of the Saylor and Smith families, early settlers in Oregon and Washington. Also includes historical records and genealogical materials related to the Butler, Heslep, and other related families, including early Civil War letters.

Scullin, Michael: Michael Scullin American Indian Rights Collection, 1951-1987

Collection of Michael Scullin, retired professor at Minnesota State University, Mankato, contains mainly materials relating to the contemporary Indian rights movement. There are photocopied newspaper clippings from the Minneapolis Tribune and The Free Press (Mankato), pertaining to AIM and the Wounded Knee occupation; audio tapes (with digital copies) of an Indian Education Conference, and the American Indian Movement on Urban Indians; recorded music from the Rosebud Reservation, approximately 1975, and other Sioux songs; 35 mm slides depicting the Mandan and Hidatsa, mainly by 19th century artists Catlin and Bodmer; miscellaneous publications and programs.

Seymour, Ralph Fletcher, 1876-1966 : [Mexican Watercolors], approximately 1909

Collection of seven watercolors and one drawing of the ancient Maya cities of Chichén Itzá and Uxmal, both located in the Yucatán Peninsula region of southeastern Mexico, by the artist Ralph Fletcher Seymour. These watercolors provide detailed depictions of the buildings found within these ancient Maya sites.

Sherman, Francis Trowbridge, 1825-1905: Francis Trowbridge Sherman Papers, 1849-1894

Correspondence of Francis Trowbridge Sherman of Chicago, and his traveling companion, Henry A. Ballentine, documenting their travel overland to the California gold fields and experiences there, 1849-1850. Also photocopies of a few of Sherman's (colonel 88th Illinois Infantry) letters regarding the Civil War and his Chicago business, business and family correspondence of father F.C. Sherman, family records, and newspaper clippings.

Stands In Timber, John, 1882-1967: John Stands-in-Timber Papers, 1920-1963

Papers of the tribal historian for the Northern Cheyenne Tribe, resident of the Cheyenne Indian Reservation in Lame Deer, Montana, and author of Cheyenne Memories, published by Yale University Press. Includes the original manuscript of Cheyenne Memories, diaries, notebooks, correspondence, agency-related documents and tribal correspondence, photographs, and sermons.

Stobie, Charles Stewart, 1845-1931: Charles S. Stobie papers, 1866-1902

Artist's journal, sketches and notes, essay, photograph, and letter of Charles S. Stobie, 1866?-1902. Journal kept at the Ignacio Ute Agency during Oct., 1900, and May-Aug., 1902, contains sketches of Ute and Navajo Indians and their dwellings, weapons, saddles, pottery, and clothes; sketches of scenery with notes on color and lighting; glossaries of Ute and Spanish words; a list of agency employees; and store accounts. There are also several single drawings (1899), a ms. essay regarding the Ute scalp parade witnessed in the summer of 1866, a photographic portrait of Stobie with biographical notes on the verso, and an 1890 letter from Captain Philip Reade of the 3rd Infantry regarding Stobie's descriptions of his Ute Indian paintings.

Stockbridge and Munsee Tribe of Indians.: Stockbridge and Munsee Tribe of Indians records, 1789-1858

Tribal documents, 1789-1858, including petitions, memorials, arguments, powers of attorney, appointments, agreements, correspondence, financial reports, promissory notes, and requests for payment.,Petitions, memorials, and arguments concern the tribe's negotiations with the U.S. government and the state of New York re land sale profits and their distribution, relocation, citizenship, annuities, and other matters. There are appointments and powers of attorney authorizing John W. Quinney and others to negotiate on behalf of the tribe, correspondence with Indian agent William H. Bruce and with J.B. Macy, and a promissory note signed by Stockbridge missionary John Sergeant. In addition to John W. Quinney, other sachems and councillors signing documents include Jeremiah Slingerland, Joseph M. Quinney, Austin E. Quinney, Ziba T. Peters, Simon S. Metoxen, and John Metoxen.

Tanner, Helen Hornbeck: Helen Hornbeck Tanner Papers, approximately 1970-2001

History files from the Atlas of Great Lakes History, correspondence, personal files, photographs, 2 newsclipping volumes and 11 boxes transferred from the D'Arcy McNickle Center for the History of the American Indian containing Indian Claims Commission and other court case exhibits.

Templeton, George M., -1870: George M. Templeton papers, 1852-1958

Includes Templeton's diaries for the years 1862-1868 when he was stationed at Fort C.F. Smith in Montana. The Fort was established in 1866 and abandoned in 1868. Collection also includes correspondence, etc., of the various collectors who have held the collection or parts of it.

Throckmorton, Charles Beaujoilais: Charles Beaujoilais Throckmorton letters, 1872-1880

Most of the letters are to Throckmorton’s mother, Mary, in Washington (D.C.). In addition to his homesickness and hopes to relocate, he relates news and observations on Indian affairs. Two letters to Throckmorton’s mother, dated 1877, are from David D. Porter, an admiral and head of the naval Board of inspection. Throckmorton saw active service in the Civil War primarily at Bull Run, Shiloh, Perryville and Stone River. Remaining a Major in the army, he was also active in the Indian Wars against the Nez Perce´, Bannock, Modoc and Paiute Indians, finally retiring in 1894. He is buried in Arlington Cemetary.

Tripp, Samuel V. : Samuel V. Tripp Correspondence, 1849-1906

Correspondence, dating mainly from 1849 to 1876, of California emigrant Samuel V. Tripp, addressed primarily to his mother and sister in Ohio, regarding his life in the Northern California gold region and later in Southern California.

Twogood, James Henry, 1826-: James Henry Twogood papers, 1888-1910

Includes manuscript accounts of the early settlement of Boise, Idaho, troubles with the Indians, etc., as well as documents, newspaper clippings, etc.

United States. Army. Ordnance Department.: Accounting statements, 1820

Includes three separate accounting statements recording ordnance supplies held at Greenleaf's Point and at Fort Belle Fontaine. The first item is a detailed accounting notebook (18 pages) of expenditures for basic supplies at Greenleaf's Point Arsenal (1817-1820) under the command of Capt. Joseph S. Nelson. The notebook contains over 400 entries for a variety of provisions including lumber, shovels, nails, rope, oil and lead. The other two items briefly enumerate accounts of ordnance stores at Fort Belle Fontaine (Sept. & Dec. 1820). Each statement lists the military weapons held at the fort such as cannons, howitzers, small arms, and ammunition supplies.

United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs.: Bureau of Indian Affairs Indian Relocation Records, 1936-1975

Photographs, promotional brochures, statistics, clippings, etc., dating mainly from 1956 to 1958, from album / notebooks compiled by Bureau of Indian Affairs agencies and relocation program field offices at reservations and schools (Cheyenne River, Fort Peck, Great Lakes, Intermountain School, Menominee, New Mexico Pueblos, Pierre, Sisseton including Flandreau, Turtle Mountain, Winnebago), and in cities (Chicago, St. Louis).

Unknown: [Photographs of Quiriguá], approximately 1920-1946

Nine black-and-white photographic prints of the Mayan ruins at Quiriguá, Guatemala in the Motagua Valley. Depicted are eight steles, pillar-like carved slabs of stone, and one zoömorph. The photographs are signed "Janette W. Dixon." The photographer remains unknown. The photographs are undated, but were a gift of Janette Dixon of Chicago from May 29, 1946.

Unknown: Plan of the Ruined Group of Xkichmook, approximately 1886-1898

Unsigned architectural drawings and diagrams featured in Edward Herbert Thompson's article "Ruins of Xkichmook, Yucatan," which was published in 1893 by the Field Columbian Museum (Field Columbian Museum Publication 28, Anthropological Series Vol. II, No. 3, July 1898). Thompson explored and excavated the Maya ruins of Xkichmook at various times beginning in 1886.

Unknown [C.H.S.]: [C.H.S. watercolor drawings of Indians of North, South, and Central America, the West Indies, and Mexico, copied from various sources], approximately 1843-1850

Watercolor drawings of Indians of North, South, and Central America, the West Indies, and Mexico, with a particular focus on American Indian cultural practices and the Aztec civilization. "C.H.S" appropriated the subject matter and composition for many of his watercolor drawings from various mid-nineteenth century sources, from inexpensive periodicals to richly illustrated editions. Quite possibly a resident of Great Britain due to his predilection for images culled from British publications, the identity of "C.H.S." has unfortunately remained elusive.

Van Schaack, Henry, 1733-1823: Henry Van Schaack papers, 1734-1896

American loyalist.,Colonial Kinderhook and Albany, N.Y., resident. Mainly correspondence, with a few receipts, appointments, petitions, and other documents, dating primarily from 1756-1809, regarding Henry Van Schaack's Indian trade operations, Seven Years' War service, colonial political activities and opinions, Revolutionary War banishment, concern with post-war loyalist emigration, connection with Shay's Rebellion, advocacy of the U.S. Constitution, anti-church tax campaign, and party politics.,Correspondents include lifelong friends, close relatives, prominent N.Y. and Mass. political, military, and church officials, rebels and loyalists, Federalist journalists, etc. Also several colonial documents of Hitchen Holland and two Indian deeds of Cornelius Van Schaack.

Vogel, Virgil J.: Virgil J. Vogel Research and Personal Papers, 1941-1993

Writings and research material on American Indian place names and other subjects relating to Native Americans of the Chicago author and professor Virgil J. Vogel. Also includes newspaper and magazine articles, correspondence, and a few photographs.

Watson, Elmo Scott, 1892-1951: Elmo Scott Watson Papers, 1816-1951

Personal papers of journalist, professor of journalism, and western / frontier historian Elmo Scott Watson, consisting mainly of topical files on western subjects and journalism. Also included are Watson's manuscripts and published writings, and his correspondence and teaching-related files.

Watson, Elmo Scott, 1892-1951: Elmo Scott Watson Photographs, approximately 1860-1936

Primarily albumen and gelatin photographic prints plus five glass plate negatives which have been removed from the western history subject files of the Elmo Scott Watson Papers. Consists mainly of nineteenth and twentieth century portraits and images of Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Crow and Sioux Indians, some group photos, and a miscellany of half and full stereographs of non-western locations.

Wax, Murray Lionel, 1922-: Murray L. Wax Papers, 1944-1989

Fieldwork and correspondence of anthropologist-sociologist Murray L. Wax, primarily between 1962 and 1969. Also copies of published articles and unpublished papers by other anthropologists, newspaper clips, and serials pertaining to Native Americans; field notes of Rosalie Hankey (later Rosalie Wax) from Japanese relocation camp at Tule Lake, 1944-45.

Weatherwax, John M. (John Martin), 1900-1984: John M. Weatherwax Popol Vuh project correspondence, 1931-1975

Collection of correspondence related to the publication of John M. Weatherwax’s English translation of the Popol Vuh that would include water color paintings by the artist Diego Rivera. Present are four telegrams sent by Rivera from Mexico asking for more time to complete the pictures, and arranging logistics for their transfer and payment.

Wellington, J. W. (Joseph W.): J. W. "Duke" Wellington Slide Collection, approximately 1950-1975

Copies of color 35 mm. slide sets, slide captions, and commentaries documenting Assiniboine and Gros Ventre ceremonies performed at the Fort Belknap Indian Reservation, Montana, approximately 1950-1952, prepared by J. W. "Duke" Wellington, who was Bureau of Indian Affairs superintendent at the reservation, 1947-1954.

Weltfish, Gene, 1902-1980: Gene Weltfish Pawnee Field Notes, 1935

Field notes (1935) of Franz Boas trained anthropologist and linguist Gene Weltfish, documenting her study of Pawnee lifeways and religion. These volumes of notes focus on the yearly economic lifecycle of the Pawnee as it would have been lived in the late 19th century.

Westall, William, 1781-1850: [Arctic Life Portfolio], approximately 1821-1828

Forty-five India proof prints created from sketches and drawings made by members of expeditions lead by Sir William Edward Parry and Sir John Ross to explore the Arctic and to discover a Northwest passage on His Majesty's Ships Helca, Griper, and Fury. Prints are unsigned. Original drawings attributed to Capt. Lyon, Capt. Hoppner, Lt. Beechey, Lt. H. N. Head, and Lt. Back. Engravings and illustrations created by Edward Francis Finden and William Westall. Prints published in London by John Murray from ca. 1821-1828. Prints depict scenes from the expedition as well as the domestic life and customs of the Arctic's indigenous peoples.

Westerners. Chicago Corral.: Westerners Chicago Corral Records, 1950-2004

International organization started in Chicago in 1944 by Leland D. Case, editor of "The Rotarian Magazine," and Elmo Scott Watson, newspaperman and educator, to bring together historians and buffs interested in the American West. Records include correspondence and other materials documenting the activities of the group.

Wheeler, Olin D. (Olin Dunbar), 1852-1925: Olin D. Wheeler Papers, 1892-1924

Mainly correspondence, notes, and writings of author, topographer, and Northern Pacific Railway executive Olin Dunbar Wheeler regarding Custer and the Battle of Little Big Horn; also articles about Wheeler and reviews of his work.

Wheeler, Olin D. (Olin Dunbar), 1852-1925: Olin D. Wheeler Collection of Photographs of Yosemite Valley, approximately 1880-1925

This collection of 179 photographic prints contains 71 views of Yosemite National Park, including tourists traveling in Yosemite Transportation vehicles and private cars. Wheeler also compiled a collection of photographs of the landscapes and Native Americans along the route of the Lewis and Clark expedition while researching his two-volume book The Trail of Lewis and Clark. This collection is part of the Edward E. Ayer Collection of Photographs.

Wheeler-Voegelin, Erminie, 1903-1988: Erminie Wheeler-Voegelin Papers, 1934-1985

Notes and draft materials for writings on Native Americans, and Indian Claims Commission case documents and research reports, created by anthropologist Erminie Wheeler-Voegelin. Also field notebooks, photographs and correspondence.

White, John, 1937-2006: John White Papers, 1736-2000

The John White Papers contain materials related to White's research on American Indian culture, customs, and history as well as linguistic research on native languages. The papers include correspondence, authored works, language samples/specimens, and storytelling materials. The papers primarily focus on the culture, customs, history, and languages of the Illiniwek tribes.

Whiteley, Simeon, 1831-: Erwin Watkins-Simeon Whiteley papers, 1863-1920, bulk 1863-1878

Erwin Watkins and Simeon Whiteley worked for the Office of Indian Affairs in the 1870's and 1860's, respectively. While the Watkins papers contain mainly official government reports and correspondence, the Whiteley papers consist of mostly personal correspondence accompanied by several photographs, three maps, and two issues of a Wyoming newspaper.,The Watkins papers include: incoming correspondence and instructions from the Commissioners of Indian Affairs and other officials, copies of Watkins reports regarding his agency visits and investigations, and papers relating to travel arrangements and assignments. The Whiteley papers include: outgoing letters to his wife, Jane Whiteley, from Denver in 1863, some official correspondence, and miscellaneous letters after Whiteley's departure from government service. There is also a copy of Jane Whiteley's account of her trip by stagecoach to Denver in the fall of 1863 to join her husband.

Wilkinson, James, 1757-1825: James Wilkinson letters, 1792-1818

Small collection of correspondence and a few orders written by James Wilkinson, military officer, western land speculator, and governor of Louisiana, between 1792 and 1818.,The majority of the letters were written at Fort Washington and Fort Hamilton in Ohio and relate to Indian affairs and military operations in the Northwest Territory during the 1790's. The correspondents include quartermaster general Samuel Hodgdon, Pennsylvania militia officer John Armstrong, and Lieutenant William Simmons. Miscellaneous letters from the first two decades of the 1800's include two warrants to pay Choctaw chiefs Occhummia and Phufeiahomia for services rendered in 1802.

Williams, Eleazer, 1787-1858: Eleazar Williams papers, 1758-1858

Missionary to the Oneida Indians in New York and Green Bay, Wis. The mixed Indian-white descendant of Indian captive Eunice Williams of Deerfield, Mass., Williams was appointed a lay reader and catechist by Episcopal bishop John Henry Hobart and began work among the Oneida following the War of 1812. Three letters (1812-1858) and a claim decision (contemporary copy, 1838), together with twenty-nine sermons, letters, autobiographical excerpts, documents, essays, Indian language mss., etc., originally contained in a scrapbook (1758-1846) consisting of materials by Williams, documents pertaining to Oneida and Menominee affairs, and mss. by and about Williams family members.,The document and single letters with correspondents including Jedediah Morse and N.Y. Lieut. Gov. John Tayler concern the publication of Iroquois language tracts, Oneida factions and government relations, and Williams' efforts to obtain U.S. government compensation for his efforts in acquiring Wisconsin lands for the tribe. Materials by Williams in the scrapbook include his autobiography, 1803-1823, and several religious and historical essays, some concerning Rev. John Williams of Deerfield. Additional Williams family items include sermons, 1758-1794, and drafts of letters on religious topics written by Eleazer Williams from Mansfield, Conn., and Longmeadow, Mass., during the Second Great Awakening. There are memorials to the U.S. government and other documents concerning Oneida and Menominee lands in New York and Wisconsin. Among the Indian language materials are a religious piece, music, and an alphabet. There is also an engraving of Hobart, a pamphlet of Sabbath songs (1820), and a newspaper clipping re Williams' claim to be the French Dauphin.

Williams, Loren L., 1828-1881: Loren L. Williams journals, 1851-1880

The journal covers the Loren L. Williams's activities as an officer during the Civil War, active in the West, and subsequent activities as a pioneer in the development of Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and Montana. Details of wars with the Western Indians are also included.

Willing, Thomson, 1860-1898: [Drawings for The Old Santa Fe Trail], approximately 1890-1897

Nineteen pen and ink drawings on board of varying sizes, largely unsigned with the exception of one drawing signed "C. F. Tiedemann 93," and another initialed "CFT." Fourteen of the drawings can be found as tail pieces and initials within Henry Inman's The Old Santa Fe Trail (New York: The Macmillan Company, 1897), a work that charts the illustrious history of the Santa Fe Trail, a nineteenth century transportation route that connected Franklin, Missouri with Santa Fe, New Mexico. These works offer insight into nineteenth century illustration, transportation, as well as the history and cultural appeal of the American West.

Wilson, John, -1862: John Wilson letters, 1859-1865

Collection of correspondence (1859-1865) from Virginia City, Nevada written by or regarding John Wilson to his wife in Vermont.,Wilson, a young farmer from Vermont, left his pregnant wife and sailed for the West in Sept. 1859 to seek his fortune. After his arrival in San Francisco, he headed for Virginia City crossing the Sierra Mountains on foot in May 1860. Using his income as a bartender, Wilson immediately began to stake out claims. Many of his letters give a vivid and detailed firsthand account of the notorious town. He had hoped to go home with enough money "to build a hows of his own and ride in our ow carige." However, following a drunken argument, he was murdered by his employer on Jan. 14, 1862. The remaining letters were written to his wife by Wilson's friend, Horace Mickel, who had witnessed the murder and tried in vain to recover some of Wilson's assets on his widow's behalf. There are also several newspaper clippings of the murder case and trial, two Wells Fargo checks sent to his wife, and a guardianship document for his child.

Wolcott, Oliver, 1760-1833 : Oliver Wolcott letters, 1795-1800

Thirteen letters, Mar. 11, 1795- Dec. 11, 1800, written by Oliver Wolcott, secretary of the treasury, to David Henley, general agent for the War Dept. in the Territory of the United States, South of the River Ohio, regarding public contracts for military and Indian supplies in what is now Tennessee.,The letters contain rules and regulations regarding the administration of contracts, as well as numerous directives regarding the choice of contractors to supply both the region and the Tellico Blockhouse. They also discuss accusations of fraud against contractor "Robert Searcey."

Zashin, Elliot M.: Elliot Zashin Papers, 1960-1962

Materials relating to three undergraduate research studies of American Indians done in the summers of 1961 and 1962 by Elliot Zashin. Includes correspondence, personal field notes, interviews, records, reports, surveys, and other miscellany relating to Navajos of Crownpoint, New Mexico, and the Swinomish tribe at La Conner and the Indian Reservation at Neah Bay, both in Washington state.