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Civ. Civil War

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Identifier: Civ
This topic covers individuals and families active during the American Civil War, 1861-1865. It includes letters, diaries, and photographs created at the time.

Found in 81 Collections and/or Records:

Alexander A. Semmes letter books

 Collection
Identifier: VAULT folio-Case-MS-F 83405.8
Abstract Letter books written in various hands containing official correspondence of A. A. Semmes while in command of U.S.S. Wamsutta, Portsmouth and U.S. Monitor Lehigh, and U.S. gunboat Tahoma in the service of the United States. In August 1864, he became commander of the USS Lehigh, participating in the bombardment of Fort Pringle and in the operations at Charleston until that city surrendered. He co-operated with Grant's army, fought the Howlett house batteries, and was present at the fall of...
Dates: 1862-1869

Allen Family Papers

 Collection
Identifier: Midwest-MS-Allen
Abstract Courtship letters of lawyer and Wisconsin statesman Gideon W. Allen and his future wife Annie Cox during the years of 1863-1865 in which they discuss current their political and religious beliefs, Allen's travels throughout Wisconsin while looking for work, and Cox's life as a woman in Madison, Wisconsin. Also an unfinished biography of renowned botanist Ruth F. Allen by Mabel Nebel, incoming correspondence of Ruth F. Allen, and other family correspondence, photographs, and personal materials...
Dates: 1862-1964

Ames Family Papers

 Collection
Identifier: Midwest-MS-Ames
Abstract Letters, genealogical information, and legal and financial documents of the Ames Family of Lake County, Illinois. Includes Civil War draft notices for stone mason Roderick D. Ames, and Civil War letters from his brother Joel W. Ames, who died in the Battle of Shiloh, Apr. 6, 1862.
Dates: 1850-1904

Blackburn Family Papers

 Collection
Identifier: Midwest-MS-071
Abstract Papers of A. B. Blackburn, A. W. Blackburn, W. H. Blackburn of North Carolina, and other family members. Consists of correspondence, journal account book, financial documents, deeds, wills, Civil War documents, and other miscellaneous items.
Dates: 1803-1907

Blatchford Family Papers

 Collection
Identifier: Midwest-MS-Blatchford
Abstract Extensive collection of letters, photographs, scrapbooks, diaries, writings, and genealogical research materials centering around Chicago lead manufacturer, Newberry Library founding trustee, and Christian social activist Eliphalet Wickes Blatchford, his wife Mary Williams Blatchford, their parents and grandparents, and the families of their children, especially son Paul Blatchford, but also daughter Amy Blatchford Bliss. Families represented most heavily include Blatchford, Williams, Bliss,...
Dates: 1777-1987; Majority of material found within 1839 - 1965

Carlos W. Colby Papers

 Collection
Identifier: Midwest-MS-Colby
Abstract Primarily correspondence (129 letters) of Illinois farmer and Civil War soldier Carlos W. Colby, written between 1862 and 1865, to his sisters, brother, brother-in-law, and niece, plus a dozen Civil War letters written by Colby’s future brother-in-law James Rowe. Also includes Colby’s reminiscences of his boyhood and his service in the 97th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment, some family correspondence, genealogical material and a few photos.
Dates: 1821-1937; Majority of material found within 1861 - 1865

Charles S. Leonard papers

 Collection
Identifier: Midwest-MS-Leonard
Abstract Civil War military service documents of Charles S. Leonard, 31st Regiment, Massachusetts Volunteers, together with correspondence and forms relating to Leonard's efforts to correct his service record and obtain military pension and bounty payments. Also genealogical notes, possibly relating to Leonard's attempt to qualify for the Society of Mayflower Descendants, a deed for the sale of 160 acres in Norton County, Kan. and a few newspaper clippings.
Dates: 1862-1897

Charles Saeltzer papers

 Collection
Identifier: Midwest-MS-Saeltzer
Abstract Correspondence, certificates, vouchers, orders, muster rolls, and a diary belonging to Charles Saeltzer of Mansfield, Ohio, dated between 1846 and 1865, and documenting his training and certification as a teacher, both in Germany and Ohio, and his service as a member of the 10th Ohio Cavalry Regiment during the Civil War. Most of Saeltzer's early papers are his teacher certifications from the German government, dated between 1846 and 1853; similar certifications from the state of Ohio are dated...
Dates: 1846-1865; Majority of material found within 1864 - 1865

Charles T. Kruse letters

 Collection
Identifier: Midwest-MS-Kruse
Abstract Union soldier, third sergeant in the Ohio Infantry Regiment, 50th, Company G, Kruse enlisted in August of 1862, and served in the field in Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Georgia. He participated in the Union victory in Atlanta under General Sherman. Typescripts of letters, dated Aug. 24, 1862-April 18, 1865, from Kruse to his parents and brother and sister, describing his experiences in the Union Army. Beginning with his enlistment and first assignment to Camp Dennison, in Hamilton County,...
Dates: 1862-1865

Charles W. Gallentine Letters

 Collection
Identifier: Midwest-MS-Gallentine
Abstract Letters home, 1862-1863, by Charles W. Gallentine of the 7th Illinois Cavalry, from Camp Butler, Springfield, Ill., Jacinto and Corinth, Miss., Memphis and LaGrange, Tenn., and Lawrence Co., Ala., regarding camp life, skirmishes, men killed and wounded, Southern guerillas, northern Copperheads and the draft, Southern plantations and slave attitudes, Union and Confederate prisoners, etc.
Dates: 1861-1863

Chase Hall Dickinson Papers

 Collection
Identifier: Midwest-MS-DickinsonC
Abstract Correspondence and diary of Civil War soldier Chase Hall Dickinson (1838-1893), of the Illinois Chicago Mercantile Light Artillery Battery. Dickinson wrote home to his mother, father, and sister Louise from 1862-1864, and also kept a diary from 1863-1864. Portions of both the correspondence and the diary have been transcribed. Papers also include some confederate money and a photograph of Dickinson.
Dates: 1862-1864

Christopher C. Augur Collection of Photographs of the Western United States

 Collection
Identifier: Vault Oversize-Ayer-Art-Augur
Abstract Mounted albumen prints and stereographs primarily of western Indians and scenes, ca. 1865-1881, taken by Alexander Gardner, John K. Hillers, William H. Jackson, William Soule and a few other photographers, plus three large lithographic prints of Mexican War military scenes. Also, a box containing a stereoscopic viewer.
Dates: 1846-1889; Majority of material found within 1865 - 1875

Christopher C. Augur Papers

 Collection
Identifier: VAULT-Ayer-MS-3008
Abstract United States army officer, 1843 to 1885. Correspondence, printed and manuscript military orders and reports, letter-books, a miscellany of accounts and receipts, clippings, memorabilia and maps, mainly documenting Augur's military activities and commands before and during the Civil War, and post-war service in the Pacific Northwest, Texas and the Gulf.
Dates: 1780-1912; Majority of material found within 1846 - 1885

Civil War Photographs

 Collection
Identifier: Midwest-MS-067
Abstract Ten carte-de-visite photographs of Union soldiers, camps, and buildings in Chattanooga, Tennessee and Atlanta, Georgia.
Dates: approximately 1864

Cole Family Papers

 Collection
Identifier: Midwest-MS-Cole
Abstract New England and Chicago Protestant missionary family. Includes letters and family documents from John A. Cole, a civil engineer, active in the U.S. Christian Commission during the Civil War. After the war he worked with and educated freedmen, women, and children in Washington D.C. through the Lincoln Industrial Mission and the recently established Howard University. He met his wife, Julia A. Cole (née Alvord) through his work with the Lincoln Industrial Mission and Howard University, who worked...
Dates: 1842-1945; Majority of material found within 1854 - 1928

Cottle, Solomon Mills, Sr. Scrapbook containing Civil War reminiscences from the Tifton Gazette (Tifton, GA).

 File
Identifier: Modern-MS-50
Abstract Scrapbook containing 1910 and 1911 clippings from the Tifton Gazette, a newspaper based in Tifton, Georgia that began publication in 1888. The clippings are published letters written by Solomon Mills Cottle, Sr. (1840-1918) to the Gazette, in which he reminisces about his service in the Civil War. Mills was a Lieutenant in Company B of the 17th Georgia Regiment. Also included are typed transcriptions of Cottle's letters and a 1985 letter from Robert T. Morrell, the publisher of...
Dates: 1910

Daniel S. Dickinson Papers

 Collection
Identifier: Midwest-MS-Dickinson
Abstract Daniel S. Dickinson was a prominent Civil War politician from New York, a conservative Democrat who worked toward compromise before the war began. During the war, he sought to quash Union internal political disagreement and after the war he remained in politics. He was commended by the public and politicians on both sides of the conflict for his oratorical skills and genial manner. This collection is mainly composed of correspondence to that effect, as well as some letters on the subjects of...
Dates: 1799-1892; Majority of material found within 1830 - 1860

David W. Cugell Collection

 File
Identifier: Modern-MS-46
Abstract A collection of Civil War material donated by Dr. David W. Cugell. Materials include a deed from Louisiana, dated April 8, 1862, that authorized Marx Kaufman's sale of Lucy Anne, a 17-year old slave, to Henry Levy. The collection also includes paper money, including 11 Confederate bills and 2 United States bills. In addition to these items, the collection also includes a U.S. Treasury check made out to the Zeltner Bros. for the sum of 10 cents, dated July 27, 1884.
Dates: 1861-1884; Majority of material found within 1862 - 1864

Delano Family Letters

 Collection
Identifier: Midwest-MS-Delano
Abstract 27 letters addressed to Nancy Eastman Delano and her son Benjamin Eastman Delano, of Strong, Maine, written by relatives and friends just before, during and immediately after the Civil War, including one which describes an army camp in Port Royal, Virginia. Most letters reflect domestic life, frequent illnesses and deaths, and religious thought in Maine and Missouri during this period. There are two letters from Nancy's erstwhile son-in-law Nathan D. Stanwood, which describe his postwar working...
Dates: 1859-1867

Dena Epstein Root & Cady Research Papers

 Collection
Identifier: Midwest-MS-Epstein
Abstract Research notes and other materials concerning the firm of Root & Cady, a Chicago based music publishing firm that operated from 1858-1871, collected by Dena Epstein. Also includes information on other 19th century music publishers and composers.
Dates: 1843-1987; Majority of material found within 1858 - 1871

Edgar McLean Papers

 Collection
Identifier: Midwest-MS-McLean
Abstract Correspondence, writings, and official military documents of 1st Lieutenant Edgar McLean. McLean fought for the Union in the Civil War with the 122nd Illinois Regiment, and then became a Lieutenant in the 110th U.S. Colored Infantry. Most correspondence was written by Edgar McLean’s mother and other relatives to him during his service.
Dates: 1859-1868

Edward C. Humphries Papers

 Collection
Identifier: Modern-MS-Humphries
Abstract Lieutenant, 2nd Florida Regiment (C.S.A.). Correspondence and telegrams regarding Humphries' July 2, 1862, death in the Seven Days battle near Richmond, Va. Also a letter of Humphries to his wife in Alabama, Dec. 2, 1861, and a family Bible with entries for Humphries and his immediate family.
Dates: 1861-1862

Edward E. Ayer Papers

 Series
Identifier: NL-Archives-02/15/02
Abstract Railroad tie manufacturer who donated his collection of materials on America and American Indians to the Newberry Library and served as a Newberry trustee from 1892 to 1911. Ayer's papers include correspondence (some pertaining to Newberry collections), writings, documents, tributes, and photographs and reminiscences of his westward and overseas travels. Ayer was a Sergeant in Company E, 1st Regiment of Cavalry, California Volunteers, and a 2nd Lieutenant in Company I, Regiment of New Mexico...
Dates: 1847-1978, bulk 1860-1934; Majority of material found within 1860 - 1934

Edward W. Curtis Letters

 Collection
Identifier: Midwest-MS-Curtis
Abstract Correspondence of Edward W. Curtis of Massachusetts, a private in the 88th Illinois Infantry during the Civil War. Also includes clippings relating to battles, the life of Federal soldiers, and hospital listings near Nashville, Tennessee.
Dates: 1855-1865; Majority of material found in 1863 - 1863

Edwin R. Capron letters

 Collection
Identifier: VAULT-Graff-579
Abstract The collection includes a letter from Capron's sister to her mother, a letter to Capron from his parents and one letter from Henry C. Barrett to Nannie and Cyrus Fairley, Camp Cleveland, Ohio, 29 December 1863. Written from Fort Kearney and Cottonwood Springs, Nebraska Territory. Also includes 12 envelopes and a daguerreotype portrait of Capron.
Dates: 1863-1866